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DESIGN OF TITANIUM DIOXIDE FACTORY FROM RUTILE AND COKE WITH CHLORINE PROCESS CAPACITY 50.000 TONS / YEAR (PLUG FLOW REACTOR MULTITUBULAR (R-202))

DESIGN OF TITANIUM DIOXIDE FACTORY FROM RUTILE AND COKE WITH CHLORINE PROCESS CAPACITY 50.000 TONS / YEAR (PLUG FLOW REACTOR MULTITUBULAR (R-202))

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Published by Dessy A. Sari
DESIGN OF TITANIUM DIOXIDE FACTORY FROM RUTILE AND COKE WITH CHLORINE PROCESS CAPACITY 50.000 TONS / YEAR
(PLUG FLOW REACTOR MULTITUBULAR (R-202))
DESIGN OF TITANIUM DIOXIDE FACTORY FROM RUTILE AND COKE WITH CHLORINE PROCESS CAPACITY 50.000 TONS / YEAR
(PLUG FLOW REACTOR MULTITUBULAR (R-202))

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Published by: Dessy A. Sari on Jan 20, 2013
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06/03/2014

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ABSTRACTDESIGN OF TITANIUM DIOXIDE FACTORY FROM RUTILE ANDCOKE WITH CHLORINE PROCESS CAPACITY 50.000 TONS / YEAR (PLUG FLOW REACTOR MULTITUBULAR (R-202))ByDessy Agustina Sari
Titanium dioxide (TiO
2
) is one type of pigment and other types are synthetic iron(II) dioxide, carbon black pigment, lithophone, chromium (II) dioxide. The use of  pigment types in the world is 68% TiO
2
. The use of TiO
2
as a pigment and acatalyst in addition, can also be used as material in producing ceramics.Under Indonesia's import data, TiO
2
demand continue to increase every year andso far the material needs are imported from China. Along with the increasingdevelopment of user industries, the titanium dioxide Titanium Dioxide Plantdevelopment is needed to support industrial development in Indonesia.Titanium dioxide is produced by the chlorine process in which raw materialsrutile, coke is contacted with chlorine gas in a Fluidized Bed Reactor (B-201).Operating conditions took place with temperatures 909 K and pressure of 1 atm.Gas produced one of titanium tetrachloride (TiCl
4
). Gas is what will form the TiO
2
which will be reacted TiCl
4
and O
2
gas in the Plug Flow Reactor Multitubular (R-202). Operating conditions in the R-202 is 1020 K and 3 atm. Meanwhile, boththe reaction conversion by 98%. TiO
2
product output from R-202 will becondensed in Sub-Cooler Condenser (E-304) and then separated from the liquid-vapor in the Flash Drum (H-306). TiO
2
in the liquid phase can be cooled at RotaryCooler (B-310), while the gas vapor will be processed in the adsorber (D-307) for separating chlorine gas from other gas mixtures.Factory production capacity is planned 50.000 tonnes/year with operating time for 330 days in 1 year. Planning, the location of the factory was established in theindustrial area located in Kotawaringin Bagendang East Central KalimantanProvince. Labor needed as many as 180 people with a form of business entityLimited Liability Company (PT) led by a Director. Managing Director assisted bythe Director of Production and Financial Director with line and staff organizational structure.The provision covers the needs of utilities and water treatment system, providingsteam, instrument air supply, and power generation. Meanwhile, factory supportunit includes a laboratory, as well as instrumentation and process control.

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