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New Europe Print Edition Issue 1014

New Europe Print Edition Issue 1014

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New Europe Print Edition Issue 1014
New Europe Print Edition Issue 1014

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Published by: New Europe Newspaper on Jan 20, 2013
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03/16/2013

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19
h
Year of Publicaionnumber 101420 - 26 JanuarY, 20133.50
NEWEUROPE
 www.neurope.eu
o
 16 Jy, wd  ks w g ks w  i a egy agy (iaea)d i  y sgs s  w, g syg sspss, d  iaea y  ppd    g  s v sdg sss pg i’s  gy pg.i ds Ws ss  s skg  dvp  wps py, syg s pg s d y  pwg.Sx wd pws   udSs, f, Gy, c, rss d b  d i y s sp gs   Jy  y    d dp s.hwv,  13 Jy ixd s y s, dgxss   p y  bd as, w ds  sg ps   S  hz, ws vy  k .  dss wd i y s p w wps. i ss    xss  “” d i d s s  w sppd y w v wps d ppd  y dsp dg ps.i‘s  vy d  isrvy Gd cps’ vs v  xpdg  ps yd  Ps G. o16 Jy, nvy cd r ad h Syy sd i vy w s dpy s 24  wsps  p  p   id o,  G   ad,  bmd S, rd S,  Sz c d  md S   s.  k s wg i’s w gs. m k, S P ups ays w c  G egy Sds(cGeS)  ld, d nw ep  wd  k s sd  ss gs i d ss  p  g wpp. “W s g sds y y w wd  ss d  p dd g p,” sd, ddg  ds vd  ss wd  js d i xps   s wd d .
Open government
All eyes on Iran
Iranian navy soldiers take part in a military exercise in the straight of Hor-muz in the Oman Sea, 28 December 2011. Iran’s main navy and the IslamicRevolutionary Guard Corps’ naval forces plan to expand their operationsbeyond the Persian Gulf. |
EPA/ALIMOHAMMADI/HANDOUT
 ep css sds sd  ‘ds‘  s s  dss ds   u p   c  fd rgs.opss     ss ds sgs dy. o p p  s x sss  ds g   dp  gs. S pss wszs  w  d  dskg pss d  ss  v , w s  ss   sp gsv .
 Avoiding EU Taxes
 as w psd s wk,  un rp  5nv 2010  c cg fgpvds    sppg dsy w  w uS $22.5 – $25  yy   g g,   w    d w d p   g y esss dgS dg.PreSiDencY PaGe 06mali PaGe 07PaGe 12
mks d v hz w gs
KSSanDR PaGe 32PaGe 03
Sd dseu sssb’sep ct yg pdSw  y 
SuDan PaGe 05Parliamen PaGe 10euroPean union PaGe 08economY PaGe 14
 
02
ANALYSIS
NEW EUROPE
www.neurope.eu
20 - 26 January, 2013
Australia$3.4,AustriaEURO1.81,BalkansEURO4,BelgiumEURO3.22,HollandEURO2.69,CentralAsiaUSD7.5,CentralEuropeUSD5,Canada$5,Denmark:DKK19,95,EasternEuropeUSD7.5,FranceEURO3.04,GermanyEURO3.57,GreeceEURO4,HungaryHUF400,JapanY900,ItalyEURO3.62,Nordiccoun- triesUSD7,PacificRimUSD8.5,RussiaUSD4,SwitzerlandSFr4,UKGBP4.5,USA$2.95,allothercountriesEURO6
TOYOTA
JapanesecarmakerbecomesthefirstFormulaOneteamtolaunchitsnewcarforthe2003season
 AEGONSPAIN
-Spanishopera-tionofoneoftheworld'slargestinsur-ancegroupsimplementstheportalandbusinessintelligencefunctionalityinOracle9iApplicationServerandCRMmodulesoftheOracle?E-BusinessSuitetohelpbuildcustomerrelation-shipsandexpanditssaleschannelsinthelocalmarket.
(p.21)
OLTOFFSHORE
-Italiangaspipelinegroup,alongwithitspartnerFalck,isanticipatingafinaldecisionbyearlysummeroveranoffshoreLNGregassificationterminal16-24kmfromtheLivornoport
(p.13)
NORDZUCKER
-Germansugargroupannouncesithaspurchasedcon-trollingstakesinthreeHungariansugarrefineries-Hatvan,SzolnokandSzerencs.
(p.25)
RAUTARUUKKIOYJ
-Fin-nishsteelmakersaystheslumpinsteeldemandisforcingittocut565jobsatitssteeldivisioninordertosave50mil-lionEuro.
(p.18)
CACLEASING
-Slovakfinancegroupsaysitwillreceivea15millionEurocreditfromtheEuropeanBankforReconstructionandDevelopmenttohelpdevelopSMEsinEUcandidatecountries.
(p.28)
ENERGOMASH
-Russiansci-enceandproductiongroupreceivesanorderforanextraconsignmentofitsRD-171enginesforZenit-3SLwork-horserocketsusedintheSeaLaunchprogramme.
(p.31)
NORSKESKOG
-Norwegianpulpandpaperproducersells13powerplantstodomesticpowerfirmsAker-shusKraftandBuskerudKraftproduk-sjonfor1.3billioncrowns.
(p.20)
BEKAERT
-Belgianindustrialgroupannouncesitwillexpandincen-tralEuropefollowingthesigningofanagreementwithPentaInvestmentsandMajetkovyHoldingtoacquirefullcon-troloftheSlovakcompaniesDrotovnaDrotyandDrotovnaKordy.
(p.15)
EU gets tough onfiscal discipline
NOTEBOOK 
 Time to face the economic crisis
Thereisnodoubtthatintimesofeconomic recessionstatebudgetsbecomethemostcru- cialtoolforeconomicpolicy.Wetotallyagree withECPresidentRomanoProdithattheStabilityPactforfiscaldisciplineinmember  statesisnow"stupid."Thereisatimefor  everythingsaystherelevantproverb,butnowisnotthetimeforfiscaldiscipline.Onthe contrary,the15EUeconomiesneedmoreinflationandmorepublicdeficits;unlesstheUSfindsasolutionforeverybodyandsuppliesthedevelopedworldwith,sayforexample, cheapenergy,intheformoflowpriceoilfromthePersianGulf. Asthedevelopedworldenteredthedeepdarktunneloftheeconomicslowdown,atransfor- mationintoaclassiccrisisofdisinflationand anavalancheofbankruptcieswillemerge. JustthinkaboutwhatJohnMaynardKeynes wouldhavesaidhadhebeenamongusabout waystorevivetheeconomyoftheentirewest- ernworld:startdiggingholesontheground andthenfillthemwithgovernmentmoney.Spendinggovernmentmoneyforinfrastruc-tureisatime-cherishedpractice,givingthe economyawayoutfromarecession.Unless, aswementionedabove,theAmericansman- agetosupplythewesternworldwithcheap energyandhelpitbecomethevehicleforthe nextresumptionofeconomicactivities.TheAmericanshavealreadystaredspending  governmentmoneytohelptheeconomyandtheirlastpackageoftaxcutstodividendson shareswillcostUSD300billion.Conversely,theEUstilllooksatwaystoreducegovern- mentbudgetdeficitswhenitshoulddothe opposite:increasestatespending.Beware...thecosttorevivetheeconomywillbemuch greaterandprobablyunbearableifthereces- sion worsens. Better act now when the destructionoftheexistingbusinessenviron- menthasonlystarted.
EE
uropeanMonetaryAffairsCommissionerPedroSolbescontinuedtoplaytoughcopasheslammedGermanyonitsexcessivebudgetdeficitandwarnedotherEurozoneeconomicpowerhouses,FranceandItaly,tostartputtingtheirtroubledfinancesinorder.ButGer-many'sworseningeconomicwoesarenottheonlyproblemfacingtheformerSpanishfinanceminister.ForcingEurozoneeconomicgiantsGermany,FranceandItalytoplaybytherules,however,presentsSolbeswithhistoughestchal-lengeyet.TheEUmonetaryaffairschieftookthefirststepinhisshowdownwithBerlinlastNovemberbyformallyrebukingGer-manyforfailingtoreininbudgetaryspending. Alsoonthecommissioner'sagenda:convincingEuropeanUnionfinanceministerstorevampandupdatetheoften-criticisedEurozonestabilitypact.Solbes,backedbyEuropeanCommissionPresidentRomanoProdi,isadamantthattoughmeasuresagainsteconomiclaggardsarecompensatedbyleniencyinapplyingEuro-zonerulestocountrieswithsoundfinances.UnderEUrules,"persistent"failurebyacountrytocomplywiththestabilitypactcanresultinafineofupto0.5percentofGDP.IntheunlikelyeventofGermanygettingsanctionedbyEUfinanceministersBerlincouldfaceafineofupto10billionEuro.
(p.9)
www.new-europe.info
11
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Year, Number503
T
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E
UROPEAN
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January12-18,2003
New Europe
INTERVIEW:
Ukraine's Yanukovychsteps up tothe plate
 Afteralonglineofprimemin-isters,ViktorYanukovychisconfidenthisnewgovernment willmakeadifference.The52- year-oldpremierreiteratedhiscommitmentthatUkraineplanstocarryoutreformsandconsecutivelyfollowthewayof integrationwiththeEU.Yanukovychexpressedenthu-siasmoverthecurrentfa- vourablepoliticalatmospherebetweenUkraine'sparliamentandthegovernment,sayingit wouldacceleratetheimple-mentationofreformsandhelpovercomeexistingproblems."ForthefirsttimeinUkrainianhistoryabasisofthemecha-nismofrealinteractionbetweenlegislativeandexecu-tiveauthorities'branchesas wellasofresponsibilityfordevelopmentsinthecountryhasbeenfounded,"Yanu-kovychtoldNewEurope."Thisgivesmeaconfidencethatthisgovernmentwillbeabletospeedupessentiallythepaceof economicreformsinUkraineandthattheirpositiveresults willbecometangibleforeverycitizenofourcountry."
(p.35)
 Solbeshasabone topickwithGer- many'sEichel(R)
Commissioner Solbes slams Germany, France and Italy on finances
 TheShootingGallery
“The good news is, we‘ve found Shergar...” |
 AFPPHOTOGEORGESGOBET
MANAGING EdItor
Alia Papageorgioualia@neurope.eu
SENIor EdItorIAl tEAM
ostis Geropoulos(Energy & Russian Affairs)kgeropoulos@neurope.euCillian Donnelly (EU Affairs)cdonnelly@neurope.euAndy Carling (EU Affairs)acarling@neurope.euAriti Alamanou (Legal Affairs)aalamanou@neurope.euLouise Kissa (Fashion)lkissa@neurope.euAlexandra Coronakis (Columnist)acoronaki@neurope.eu
dIrEctor
 Alexandros Koronakisakoronakis@neurope.eu
ExEcutIvE lAyout producEr
Suman Haquesuman@neurope.eu
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Ten years ago, the EU was preparing to get toughon fiscal discipline, with Commissioner Solbes lec-turing Germany on its excessive budget deficit andalso pointing a fiscal finger at France and Italy.Romano Prodi felt felt compelled to call the existingstability pact‘stupid.’New Europe did call for an increase in state spendingto help the economy, but the measures that were ta-ken a decade ago were... well lets not rub too muchsalt into the wound.Then Ukranian PM, Viktor Yanukovych was promisingreform and looking towards joining the EU, but today,he is President, with his opponent in jail on chargesmany feel are politically motivated charges. EU mem- bership is further away now than 10 years ago.
 n e  1 0  Y e A  R  S  A GO
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David Cameron’s Euro adventure continues. His much-anticipatedspeech on Europe; that is, his outlining of the future relationship he wants between the EU and the United Kingdom, has been postponedonce again. The first time, scheduled for 22 January, was for diplomaticpurposes, clashing, as it did, with the anniversary of the Elysée Treaty that founded the European Coal and Steel Community (two power-ful founding members of European integration, France and Germany, would not be happy with a critical speech on their particular day of ce-lebration), while the second time, rescheduling the postponed date of 18 January, had to be put off as the prime minister needed to deal withthe escalating hostage crisis in Algeria; in the context, the right decision.Deferrals, however, do not deflect from the fact that Cameron still hasa speech to deliver. So far, he has received much criticism from oppon-ents, both on the right and left of the political spectrum, both pro- andanti-Europe. Cameron’s speech, long-promised and long-awaited by his European counterparts, will outline the UK government’s attitudeto the EU; namely giving its support, yet asking for a certain repatri-ation of powers from Brussels to London, mostly around social andemployment legislation.The contents of the speech, not entirely a secret, but not explicitly known, have already earned Cameron broadsides from various EU andglobal leaders, notably the US President, Barack Obama, who, echoingthe sentiments from a senior state department official. insisted thata strong Britain is needed within a strong European Union; both aredesirable from the point of view of the current American administra-tion, which is due to open negotiations in the first half of this year ona free trade agreement. Potential economic disruption is the last thingthey need.Europe, too, is none too happy with Cameron. Those who demand areferendum on UK membership, that is a straight in-out vote, (whichthe prime minister is doing all he can to avoid committing to), deplorehis weakness; those who feel he threatens the existence of the Uniondeplore his treachery.Cameron, as borne out by leaked extracts from his speech, remainssomewhere in between; a pro-European, who wants some form of re-form, a reclamation of powers he can take back to the British publicas evidence of his tough stance towards the European Union. Duringthe plenary session in Strasbourg, MEPs were lining up to condemnCameron’s supposed perfidy, with Liberal MEP, Graham Watson, even been pulled-up by his part, the pro-EU, junior coalition partners, Libe-ral Democrats, for a tweet he sent on the subject. Elsewhere, friendly governments like Ireland and the Netherlands (where the prime mini-ster was due to deliver his speech) both took the EU line: no regenera-tion of current EU treaties is acceptable.It is true Cameron is playing a dangerous tactical game; offering a re-ferendum not on EU membership, but on the new kind of relation-ship he hopes to achieve following discussions with other EU govern-ments. That is, assuming he is re-elected in 2015 (he has promisedthe referendum in 2018, during the second half of his term of office).If the country reject the offer, there is no certainty of what that mightmean – a second referendum on membership, or a return to the cur-rent arrangement?Cameron is facing severe pressure from various factions, such as Ukipand the newly-formed We Demand A Referendum Party, aiming toforce an in-out vote, not to mention the growing Eurosceptics in hisown Conservative Party, while simultaneously trying to reassure otherEU governments that he is essentially on their side.European Parliament President Martin Schulz, for one, has warnedagainst the prime minister using Europe as a front in an internecineparty battle. He may very well have a point; trying to be all things to allpeople in the long run often leaves you with no real friends at all.
‘A friend to all is afriend to none’
 
03
ANALYSIS
NEW EUROPE
www.neurope.eu
20 - 26 January, 2013
Refusal to disclose documentsmeans maladministration
T
he European Commission stands ac-cused of ‘maladministration‘ for itsrefusal to disclose documents on theUK opt-out from the Charter of Fundamen-tal Rights, writes the European OmbudsmanOpenness in the form of access to docu-ments strengthens democracy. Of particularimportance in this context is access to docu-ments relating to the adoption of legislation.Such openness allows citizens to follow indetail the decision-making process and toscrutinise all the relevant information, whichforms the basis of a specific legislative act.If the documents are accessible whilethe legislative process is ongoing, citizensare therefore empowered to take a fuller andmore effective part in the debate regardingthe need for, and the content of, prospectiveEuropean Union legislation. If, on the otherhand, the laws have already been adopted, ac-cess to documents relating to the legislativeprocess allows the public at the very least tounderstand better the need for, and the con-tent of, such legislation. When the laws at issue relates to funda-mental rights, access becomes even moreimportant. There is a significant risk that ci-tizens will lose trust in the EU if the institu-tions do not give full effect to the fundamen-tal right of access to documents, especially tothose records relating to the adoption of theEU Charter of Fundamental Rights itself.In a recent decision, I criticised the Euro-pean Commission‘s refusal to give access todocuments containing its view of the UnitedKingdom opt-out from the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights. This refusal followed acomplaint from the European Citizen ActionService, a Brussels-based non-governmentalorganisation that wanted to find out “why UK citizens do not enjoy the same funda-mental rights as other EU citizens”. The com-mission rejected my recommendation that itdisclose the documents, without giving ade-quate reasons.The ECAS lodged a complaint with meabout the commission’s refusal to give accessto five documents, drafted by its services andconcerning the British opt-out from the EUCharter of Fundamental Rights. The opt-out was a major issue in the intergovernmentalnegotiations leading to the adoption of theLisbon Treaty and the documents were pre-pared by the commission in that context. Thecommission explained its refusal by referringto the exceptions to public access allowed forin regulation 1049/2001, and particularly the need to protect both the legal advice it re-ceives as well as its internal decision-makingprocess. After having inspected the documents inquestion, I concluded that the commission‘sarguments for non-disclosure were not con- vincing. I pointed out that, in order to deny public access to documents containing legaladvice, it is not sufficient for the commissi-on to submit in a general and abstract way;and without substantiated arguments, thatits interest will be harmed by public disclo-sure of the documents. I also found that thecommission failed to provide any properly reasoned arguments to the effect - for exa-mple - that that the documents contain self-critical, speculative or controversial viewsthat would seriously undermine its decision-making process.The commission’s methodology for con-sidering the possibility of granting partial ac-cess to the documents was also questionable,given that it appeared to have released only the parts of the records that it found to be ob- viously innocuous instead of seeking to esta- blish what parts of these documents wouldactually cause harm if released to the public.Finally, the commission allowed itself unilaterally to determine which parts of some of the documents were “relevant” forthe ECAS request for access. I pointed out,however, that the fact that parts of a docu-ment may be considered “irrelevant” in theeyes of the institution does not constitute a valid reason under Regulation 1049/2001for refusing access to these parts.Given that public access to documentsconcerning how EU law is adopted is key to winning the trust of European citizens, Iregret the commission’s refusal to give thepublic appropriate access to the documentsin question.Despite my recommendation that itmake the documents in question public, thecommission only gave partial access. As ac-cess to documents is itself one of the funda-mental rights guaranteed by the charter andas the commission failed substantively toengage with certain of my arguments, I con-cluded that such refusal constituted a seriousinstance of maladministration.
Open up the archives says Ombudsman.|
EPA/VASSIL DONEV
 
Citizens will losetrust in the EU if the institutionsdo not give accessto documents
By Nikiforos DiamantourosNikiforos Dia-mandourosis theEuropean Ombuds-man this article firstappeared in Public-ServiceEurope andis reprinted withpermission.

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