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Soils Field Procedures Using the Sand Cone Method

Soils Field Procedures Using the Sand Cone Method

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Published by Prasaja Putra Kas
Field density determination of soil compaction is done in accordance with
AASHTO T 191 (Sand Cone) or AASHTO T 310 (Nuclear Gauge). This
chapter discusses the procedures for using AASHTO T 191.
Field density determination of soil compaction is done in accordance with
AASHTO T 191 (Sand Cone) or AASHTO T 310 (Nuclear Gauge). This
chapter discusses the procedures for using AASHTO T 191.

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Published by: Prasaja Putra Kas on Jan 21, 2013
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11/07/2013

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11 Soils Field Procedures Using theSand Cone Method
ApparatusCone Correction and Bulk Density FactorsProcedure
 
 11-1
CHAPTER ELEVEN:
SOILS FIELD PROCEDURES USING THESAND CONE METHOD
Field density determination of soil compaction is done in accordance with
AASHTO T 191
(Sand Cone) or
AASHTO T 310
(Nuclear Gauge). Thischapter discusses the procedures for using
AASHTO T 191.
 
AASHTO T 191
contains three very distinct and important sections.These are:1) Section 3: Apparatus2) Section 4: Cone Correction and Bulk Density Factors3) Section 5: ProcedureThe following references are required to be reviewed for this chapter:Standard Specifications1)
 
Section
203.24(b)
 
AASHTO
1)
 
T 191
- Density of Soil In-Place by the Sand-ConeMethod2)
 
T 224
- Correction for Coarse Particles in the SoilCompaction Test3)
 
T 255
- Total Evaporable Moisture Content of Aggregate by Drying
ITM
1)
506
- Field Determination of Moisture Content of Soils
 
 11-2
APPARATUS
The apparatus (Figure 11-1) required for the Sand Cone Method consistsof a one-gallon jar, a detachable metal appliance, and a base plate. Themetal appliance is attached to the jar to allow the sand to flow from the jarduring calibrations or density testing. The density apparatus and baseplate are detailed in
AASHTO T 191
Section 3.A calibration container is also required for this test. The calibrationcontainer is used to determine the sand density. The requirements for thiscontainer are also detailed in
AASHTO T 191
Section 3. The volume of the container is determined annually at the District Testing lab inaccordance with
AASHTO T 19
. The volume of the container is markedon the side of the container to an accuracy of 0.0001 ft
3
.
Figure 11-1. Base Plate, Apparatus, and Calibration Container

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