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Fuzzy Logic and Binary Logic

Fuzzy Logic and Binary Logic

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Published by American Kabuki
Fuzzy Logic, Binary Logic
Fuzzy Logic, Binary Logic

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: American Kabuki on Jan 21, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/22/2013

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n classical logic, a statementhas a truth value of either 1for true or 0 for false. The state-ment “the sun is shining” has atruth value of 0 if it is cloudy. Ingeneral, statement P has a truthvalue
equal to 1 or 0. In fuz-zy logic, a statement can have atruth value of between 1 and 0. If a cloud obscures a quarter of thesun, then statement P has a valueof 0.25.In fuzzy logic, like the classicaltheory, the truth value of a state-ment will change when applyingthe operators NOT, AND, OR, IM-PLIES and IF AND ONLY IF.NOT-P has a truth value of 1
.EXAMPLE: If the sun is shiningwith a truth value of 0.25, thenthe sun is NOT shining with atruth value of 0.75.P AND Q has a truth value equalto the lesser of 
and
where
is the truth value of statement Q.EXAMPLE: The sun is shining witha truth value of 0.25, AND Janeis getting tan with a truth valueof 0.10.The value of the example is 0.10.P OR Q has a truth value equal tothe greater of 
and
.EXAMPLE: The sun is shining witha truth value of 0.25, OR Janeis getting tan with a truth valueof 0.10.The value of the example is 0.25.P IMPLIES Q has a truth valueequal to the lesser of 1 and1
+
.EXAMPLE: If the sun is shiningwith a truth value of 0.25, then Jane is getting tan with a truthvalue of 0.10.The value of the example is 0.85.P IF AND ONLY IF Q has a truthvalue equal to 1|
|, thatis, one minus the absolute valueof 
minus
.EXAMPLE: The sun is shining witha truth value of 0.25 IF ANDONLY IF Jane is getting tan with atruth value of 0.10.The value of the example is 0.85.
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Copyright 1993 Scientific American, Inc.

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