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full wave rectifier

full wave rectifier

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Published by dheerajguptaandro
full wave rectifier school project made by dheeraj..
full wave rectifier school project made by dheeraj..

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: dheerajguptaandro on Jan 21, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/27/2014

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AIM -
 
A FULL WAVE RECTIFIER
 
INTRODUCTION-
A full wave rectifier is a device which is used to rectifyall the alternating current components in analternating supply and make it purely a directcurrent. The two alternating halves of an alternation currentare rectified in a full wave rectifier which is an advantageover a half wave rectifier. Most electronic devices cannotwithstand very high voltage or alternating current due to itsintense high power. The use of batteries in alldevices is not practical as their replacement and durabilityis a huge problem as the device has to be dismantled eachtime for such a replacement. So these rectifiers are used inmost of the elec
tronic devices like TV’s, Radios, Chargers,
Lightings etc. There are several stages in a rectifier.Based on their rectification they are classified into two. Thesingle staged & multi staged. In the multi staged rectifiers,more than two diodes are used and these are used in theabove-mentioned devices. The singled staged rectifier has only2diodes, the one we are to discuss in this project. The multidiode rectifier has only 2 diodes, the one we are todiscuss in this project. The multi diode rectifiers has anefficiency ~ 94.6% while that of the single is only 81.2%
 
Theory involved
:-
The input transformer steps down the A.C mainsfrom 230V (nominal) to 6V between the centertap and either of the two ends of thesecondary winding. The transformer has a capabilityof delivering a current of 500 mA.The 6V A.Cappearing across the secondary is theRMS value of the waveform and peak valuewould be 8.4volts the diodes rectify the A.Cwaveform appearing across the secondary withthe help of alternate forward and reverse biasing. Thecapacitor further filters 99% of the resident componentsand this is let to pass through the resistance and emergesout as+ve and
ve. The bulb connected verifies theoutput as it works on Direct Current and if used onan Alternating Current, the fluctuation will burn out thebulb
Materials required in the construction-
Connecting wires, a plug, single lead wire 2m , 3-nut bolts, circuit board, a transformer, resistor, P-N junction diodes, insulation tape, soldering wax,soldering lead
.
 
 
Details of the materials used
 
:
Connecting wires and a plug- A normal insulatedcopper wire able to withstand 230
250 v is required.
:
Single lead wire- Thin wire with one single strand of copper well Insulated and able to conduct a current of 1 ampere or a D.Ccurrent efficiently.: A circuit board- A normal board of mica facilitated with clipsto simplify the connection: Nuts ad bolt- In order to fix the board & transformer firmly.Size 2
3 cm: Soldering wax & lead- The wires are to be solderedfirmly to make the connection tight so for this a thin lead wireis required to affix the connections and wax to make thelead to hold on when soldered.: A bulb- To test the output voltage whether Direct or not:
 
6-0-6 transformer- Transformer is adevice used to change the voltage of analternating current. The transformer whichconverts low voltage to high voltage is called a stepup transformer whereas the one which converts highvoltage to low voltage is called a stepdown transformer. It consists of a

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