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Fetal Pain Can Unborn Children Feel Pain in the Womb?

Fetal Pain Can Unborn Children Feel Pain in the Womb?

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Pain and Unborn Child: is there a correlation?
Pain and Unborn Child: is there a correlation?

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Francesca Sophie Scholl Padovese on Jan 21, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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 ,    ,   
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Founded in 1983, Family Research Council is anonprot research and educational organizationdedicated to articulating and advancing a family-centered philosophy of public life. In addition toproviding policy research and analysis for thelegislative, executive, and judicial branches of thefederal government, FRC seeks to inform the newsmedia, the academic community, business leaders,and the general public about family issues that affectthe nation.Family Research Council relies solely on thegenerosity of individuals, families, foundations,and businesses for nancial support. The InternalRevenue Service recognizes FRC as a tax-exempt,501(c)(3) charitable organization. Donations to FRCare therefore tax-deductible in accordance withSection 170 of the Internal Revenue Code.To see other FRC publications and to nd out moreabout FRC’s work, visit
family research council
Washington, DC 
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Fetal Pain
Can Unborn Children Feel Painin the Womb?
Thank you for choosing thisresource. Our pamphlets aredesigned for grassroots activ-ists and concerned citizens—inother words, people who want to make a difference in their families, in their com-munities, and in their culture.History has clearly shown the inuence that the“Values Voter” can have in the political process.FRC is committed to enabling and motivating indi-viduals to bring about even more positive changein our nation and around the world. I invite you to use this pamphlet as a resource for educatingyourself and others about some of the most press-ing issues of our day.FRC has a wide range of papers and publica- tions. To learn more about other FRC publicationsand to nd out more about our work, visit our website at www.frc.org or call 1-800-225-4008.I look forward to working with you as webring about a society that respects life and pro- tects marriage.
PresidentFamily Research Council
fetal painby ashley morrow fragoso© 2010 family research councilall rights reserved.printed in the united states
Fetal Pain
Can Unborn Children Feel Painin the Womb?
Advancements in biological science have vastly increased our knowledge of life in the womb. We now know more than we ever have aboutthe experiences of children before they are born. What is unborn life like? What can unbornchildren do? Modern embryology tells us thatat the moment of conception, the new humanbeing possesses all of the genetic material thebaby will need to develop, and if the child will bea boy or a girl. Hereditary traits such as hair andeye color are determined at this very rst instantof life. Approximately 22 days later, the child’sheart begins to circulate his own blood, often of a blood type different from that of his mother.At six weeks of life, electrical brain activity canbe detected and the eyes, eyelids, nose, mouth,and tongue are formed. Babies this age canbend their hands at the wrist. This new skill ishelpful, as children of seven weeks may be foundsucking their ngers or thumbs. By eight weeksafter conception, the little boy or girl is medically known as a “fetus” and contains all the organsand bodily structures, including 20 “baby” toothbuds, found in the newborn infant. Nine-week old babies are growing ngernails and toenailsand are often seen swallowing, sucking theirngers or tongues, and yawning. By ten weeks
ashley morrow fragoso
is a Masters of TheologicalStudies graduate of Harvard University and holds a degree inhistory and political theory from the New School for SocialResearch. She has done policy analysis for legislators andpolitical candidates and has worked as a Research Assistant at the American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research in Washington, DC. She is happily married and the mother of ayoung daughter. She lives with her family in South Bend, Indiana.
by ashley morrow fragoso
of life, the child’s sex has become clearly visible,the vocal cords are forming, and he is likely quiteactive, making stretching, leaping, and kickingmovements.
  Two weeks later, at twelve weeks afterconception, the unborn child has developed ahabit of squirming when his mother prods herabdomen, and can perform an array of effortlessmovements. Unborn children at this stage of development often have well-shaped eyebrowsand hair on their heads, along with softening“baby” cheeks. Babies of fourteen weeks are seenon ultrasound to be rather expressive, displayinga variety of facial expressions from wide smilesto grimaces and frowns, often in response toexternal stimuli. Over the next week, perceptivecapacities increase and the baby becomes evenbetter at coordinating movements in responseto his place in his environment. Over the nextseveral weeks, the child’s lungs grow stronger andmore sophisticated, developing tiny air sacs calledalveoli, and increasing in capacity as he practicesbreathing movements using amniotic uid inplace of air. The unborn child of fteen toeighteen weeks continues to grow at a rapid paceand begins to acquire increasing amounts of thesubcutaneous fat that will help him to regulatehis body temperature after birth. This is a key period in brain and sensory development, during which the senses are heightened and neurologicalconnections necessary to the formation of thought and memory increase in complexity.At approximately 20 weeks, the unborn baby’shearing becomes much more clear as the bones of the inner ear continue to harden. Over the next week or so, the child takes an increasing interestin sounds outside the womb, often displayingpreferences for particular voices or types of music(some will even move to a beat). By 22 to 23 weeks, more blood vessels take root in the lungs,and 32 permanent adult teeth wait in the gumsas buds. Children born at this age can surviveoutside the womb.
Can unborn children feel pain? Medical research, which denes pain as a perceptive response topotential or actual tissue damage, has greatly 

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