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Human Cloning and the Abuse of Science

Human Cloning and the Abuse of Science

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Human Cloning and the Abuse of Science
Human Cloning and the Abuse of Science

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Francesca Sophie Scholl Padovese on Jan 21, 2013
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family research council
Washington, DC 
Huma Cloig
ad the Abuse o Sciece
   fr
FAMILY RESEARCH COUNCIL BE ENGAGED
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Highlights new and notable publications fromFamily Research Council. It's a must for anyonewanting to keep abreast of pro-family issues.
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Tell a friend about this publication.
 
Thak you or choosig thisresource. Our pamphlets aredesiged or grassroots activ-ists ad cocered citizes—iother words, people who wat to make a dierece i their amilies, i their com-muities, ad i their culture.Recet history has clearly show the iuece that the “Values Voter” ca have i the political process.FRC is committed to eablig ad motivatig idi-viduals to brig about eve more positive chagei our atio ad aroud the world. I ivite you to use this pamphlet as a resource or educatigyoursel ad others about some o the most press-ig issues o our day.FRC has a wide rage o papers ad publica- tios. To lear more about other FRC publicatiosad to fd out more about our work, visit our website at www.rc.org or call 1-800-225-4008.I look orward to workig with you as webrig about a society that respects lie ad pro- tects marriage.
PresidetFamily Research Coucil
human cloning and the abuse of scienceby william l. saunders, jr. and dr. david prenticesuggested donation: $1.50© 2007 family research councilall rights reserved.printed in the united states
Huma Cloig
ad the Abuse o Sciece
Human cloning is a subject o international controversy-it is being debated on every continent and at the United Nations. In the United States, the question is being addressed at both the national and state levels. No matter the venue, however, clear and careul thinking is necessary. To make an inormed decision about human cloning, we must understand what it is and what it entails. How we answer the question o human cloning has signifcance or the  uture o biotechnology, medicine, ethics, and humandignity. In this pamphlet, the Family Research Council’s Dr. David Prentice and William L. Saunders, JD, provide the clear and careul analysis that the subject merits. First, Dr. Prentice, FRC’s senior  ellow or lie sciences, explains the precise science o  the cloning process and evaluates the scientifc claims  or its potential medical use versus alternatives. Dr.Prentice demonstrates that there is no doubt that human cloning creates a new, living member o the human species. Next, Mr. Saunders, FRC’s senior  ellow or human lie and bioethics, examines the ethical standards that apply to scientifc researchinvolving members o our species. He demonstrates that universally acknowledged ethical standards clearly prohibit the cloning o human beings.The Family Research Council hopes that the reader will use this publication to learn the basic acts about human cloning and its ethical implications. We are confdent that when the acts are careully considered,it will be evident that any human cloning is an abuse o science.
william l. saunders, jr.
is Seior Fellow & Director o Family Research Coucil’s Ceter or Huma Lie & Bioethics.A graduate o the Harvard Law School, he was eatured i itsiaugural Guide to Coservative Public Iterest Law i 2004.
dr. david prentice
is Seior Fellow or Lie Scieces atFamily Research Coucil. He was ormerly Proessor o LieScieces at Idiaa State Uiversity, ad Adjuct Proessor o Medical ad Molecular Geetics or Idiaa Uiversity Schoolo Medicie.
 
23
The Sciece o Cloig
david a. prentice, ph.d
.
Cloning always starts with an embryo. The mostcommon technique proposed or human cloningis called somatic cell nuclear transer (SCNT). This cloning is accomplished by transerring thenucleus rom a human somatic (body) cell into anegg cell which has had its chromosomes removedor inactivated. SCNT produces a human embryo who is virtually genetically identical to an existingor previously existing human being.Proponents o human cloning hold out two hopesor its use: (1) the creation o children or inertilecouples (so-called “reproductive cloning”), and(2) the development o medical miracles to curediseases by harvesting embryonic stem cells romthe cloned embryos o patients (euphemistically termed ‘therapeutic cloning”).
Termiology 
 All human cloning is reproductive. It creates—reproduces—a new, developing human intendedto be virtually identical to the cloned subject. Both“reproductive cloning” and ‘therapeutic cloning”use exactly the same technique to create the clone,and the cloned embryos are indistinguishable. The process, as well as the product, is identical. The clone is created as a new, single-cell embryoand grown in the laboratory or a ew days. Thenit is either implanted in the womb o a surrogatemother (“reproductive cloning”) or destroyed toharvest its embryonic stem cells or experiments(“therapeutic cloning”). It is the same embryo,used or dierent purposes. In act, the clonedembryo at that stage o development cannot bedistinguished under the microscope rom anembryo created by ertilization joining egg andsperm. Trying to call a cloned embryo somethingother than an embryo is not accurate or scientic.Biologically and genetically speaking, what iscreated is a human being; its species is Homosapiens. It is neither sh nor owl, neither monkey nor cow—it is human. Even leading scientic journals and embryonic stem cell scientistsacknowledge that what is produced is a humanembryo, and that trying to redene “embryo” orpurposes o SCNT
1
or dene away the act thatSCNT produces an embryo is “disingenuous”.
2
removeskin cellfrompatientremoveDNA fromunfertilizedegg
fuse cells
early embryowith donor DNA[clone formed]clonedembryoembryonicstem cellsimplant insurrogateinfant cloneof patient"
reproductive cloning
""
therapeutic cloning

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