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RT Vol. 3, No. 3 Special section: International Year of Rice

RT Vol. 3, No. 3 Special section: International Year of Rice

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Published by Rice Today
RT Vol. 3, No. 3 Special section: International Year of Rice
RT Vol. 3, No. 3 Special section: International Year of Rice

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Published by: Rice Today on Jan 22, 2013
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ominations are still open forthe
Best Article Award, aspecial prize to mark International Year of Rice. The
 International Rice Research Notes
editorial board andinvited reviewers will consider for theaward all submissions for publicationreceived by 
between 1 August 2003 and 31 July 2004 thatreport on research conducted in adeveloping country and list a nationalagricultural research and extensionsystem (NARES) rice scientist as therst author.There will be up to six winningpapers — one each on plant breeding; molecular biology and biotechnology; genetic resources;pest science and management; soil,and extension specialists workingat international, national and localagricultural research stations anduniversities. In celebration of theInternational Year of Rice 2004, the500,000 yen (US$4,500) prize will beawarded to two laureates at a ceremony scheduled for 4 November in Tokyo.The nomination deadline is 31 August.See the ad on page 35 for details.Nominations for three othermajor competitions are now closed.In support of the Food and Agricul-ture Organization (FAO) of the UnitedNations, IRRI announced on 5 April theInternational Award for Best Scientic Article. The lead authors of the winningentries — a scientic article focusedon research on rice management andanother on rice improvement — will beinvited to FAO headquarters in Romeon World Food Day, 16 October, toreceive their awards. All eligible entries are in for theFAO’s global photography contest onthe International Year of Rice theme,“rice is life.” Many of the best entries will be posted at www.rice2004.org by 20 September, and the three winningphotographers will likely be invited toRome for World Food Day.Nominations are closed for the2004 Senadhira Rice Research Award, but this is an annual prize open to any rice scientist employed by a NARESpartner of IRRI or citizen of a rice-growing country in Asia. Any NARESinstitute or university, or any other
and Analysis
is assembling aspecial theme issue in honor of the International Year of Rice forrelease in the last quarter of the year. The journal is the officialpublication of the InternationalNetwork of Food Data Systemsand is cosponsored by the UnitedNations University and FAO.
International Year of Rice is the year of international rice awards
nutrient and water management; cropmanagement and physiology; andsocioeconomics — evaluated on the basis of scientic content, originality,relevance and organization. Therst author of each winning paper will receive a US$500 cash prize. Winning papers will be published inthe December 2004 issue of 
.Publishing details are available at www.irri.org/publications/irrn/IRRNInstructions.asp and back issuesat www.irri.org/publications/irrn/index.asp. Or contact
ManagingEditor Tess Rola at fax +63-2-580-5699 or +63-2-891-1174 or emailt.rola@cgiar.org.The International KoshihikariRice Prize recognizes rice researchersscientic organization, may nominatescientists who have made outstandingcontributions to rice research, suchas developing successful varieties,publishing scientic papers, or accom-plishing any other tangible contributionto rice development. See www.irri.org/docs/Senadhira.pdf for details.● The
 Journal of Food Composition
Farmers and diplomats focus on rice research
ARTISTS IN RESIDENCE. John Dyer, the painter in residence for the Eden Biodome Project in Cornwall, U.K., produced a seriesof paintings at IRRI celebrating International Year of Rice. Hewas accompanied by Tim Varlow, who did a series of black inksketches of rice scenes such as harvesting and threshing.
he International Rice Research Institute held two open days in early March to celebrate the International Year of Rice. The 3 Marchevent attracted nearly 250 Filipino farmers and representativesof civil society. The 4 March event, for the Manila diplomatic and donorcommunity, brought 39 guests representing 19 embassies, including theambassadors of Bangladesh, the Czech Republic, Laos, Myanmar, New Zealand, Pakistan, Thailand and Vietnam.IRRI Director General Ronald Cantrell marked the 10th anniversary of the Riceworld Museum and Learning Center by presenting a plaque to Dirk Rahlenbech, the German Embassy representative, in appreciation of theGerman government’s unique contribution toward realizing the Riceworlddream (see
 Rice revealed — with more in store
on page 18). Philippinegovernment ofcials will have their own open day on 6 October.
   A   I   L   E   E   N    D   E   L   R   O   S   A   R   I   O  -   R   O   N   D   I   L   L   A ,   A   R   I   E   L   J   A   V   E   L   L   A   N   A ,   P   E   T   E   R    F   R   E   D   E   N   B   U   R   G   A   L   B   E   N   A   V   E   N   T   E
Rice Today
July-September 2004
Rice Today
July-September 2004
) greet visitors to IRRI. Joe Rickman (
), head of IRRI’s Agricultural Engi-neering Unit, offers freshly milled rice for inspection to (
 from lef
) Peter Klingensteiner, country portfoliomanager, German government funding agency GTZ; Myanmar Ambassador U Tin Htuin; Rodhy Tauq,economic head, Indonesian Embassy; Carlos de Carvalho, deputy chief, Brazilian Embassy; BangladeshiAmbassador M. Munir-uz-Zaman; Sylvia Ratnawati, educational culture head, Indonesian Embassy; DirkRahlenbech, third secretary, German Embassy; Somchit Philakone (
), wife of Lao Ambassador PhianePhilakone; C.R. Rajendran, director, Agriculture, Environment and Natural Resources Division, Mekong De-partment, Asian Development Bank; Zamshari Shaharan, second secretary, information, Malaysian Embassy;and Binh Slavicka, wife of Czech Ambassador Stanislav Slavicky. Lined up to greet visiting farmers are (
) E.J. Azucena, Achu Arboleda, Lanie Quinto, Jenny Hernandez, Imee Aspiras and Bita Avendaño.
top right 
)waves from a tractor-drawn gallery (
as in theinset 
) during a tour of theIRRI Experiment Station.Bangladeshi Ambassador M. Munir-uz-Zaman (
)studies a computer monitor in a lab, as German ThirdSecretary Dirk Rahlenbechand Lao Ambassador PhianePhilakone look on. Farmersvisit the cold storage vault(
) of the InternationalRice Genebank at IRRI.
Rice Today
July-September 2004
lmost 250 decision-makersin the international ricetrade attended the 4th annualThailand Rice Convention 2004 inBangkok on 26-27 May. Organized by the Thai Rice Exporters Associationand the Thai Department of ForeignTrade, the convention was the rstmajor event of the International Year of Rice 2004 aimed at theinternational rice trade.The event attracted specialinterest because of the recent upwardtrend in world rice prices and growinginterest in China’s declining riceproduction and its potential impacton the international rice trade.In remarks during a paneldiscussion on the opening day, VichaiSriprasert, president of the Thai RiceExporters Association, said one of the keys to the continuing successof the international rice trade wasmaintaining little or no governmentinterference.That said, Thai rice isnot expected to be one of theproducts enjoying signicanttrade liberalization in the wake of proliferating bilateral andregional free-trade agreements.The reason,according toNarongchai Akaraseranee, a veteran economistand adviser toThai FinanceMinister SomkidJatusripitak,is that riceis politically sensitive.In commentspublished in the27 May editionof the
 Bangkok Post 
, Narongchaisaid that, evenunder the ASEANFree Trade Area(AFTA), on which work began morethan a decadeago, members have moved very slowly to open their rice markets. Forexample, Malaysia and Indonesiahave committed only to cut importtariffs on rice to 20% by 2010, andthe Philippines to 70% in the same year. These gures are much less thanthe target rate of 0-5% for most otherproducts traded in the region.However, the
 Bangkok Post 
added, there might be a slightpositive impact on trade with Chinaand Australia, two of eight countriesthat are Thailand’s counterparts in bilateral free-trade areas. China, with or without a trade pact, isforced by necessity to import somerice from Thailand. In the case of  Australia, the import duty on rice will be cut to zero immediately whenthe pact with Thailand takes effecton 1 January next year — though,of course, rice consumption in Australia is very low.“I would conclude that FTAs havehad very little impact [on Thailand’srice trade] in general,” Narongchaireportedly said at a conventionseminar. Narongchai’s view is atodds, said the
 Bangkok Post 
, with thecontention of state authorities, whoare convinced that Thai rice will haveimproved access to other marketsafter securing closer trade ties underfree-trade areas.Thailand is in various stages of  bilateral free trade talks with Bahrain,India, Japan, New Zealand, Peru andthe U.S. The kingdom also belongs totwo regional free-trade areas: AFTA and BIMSTEC (for Bangladesh, India,Myanmar, Sri Lanka and ThailandEconomic Cooperation, which Bhutanand Nepal have just joined).
THE AUSTRALIAN RICE INDUSTRY is one of the mostefcient and productive in the world, feeding 40 millionpeople every day, noted John Anderson, deputy primeminister of Australia, as he unveiled an 80
100 cm ricesculpture in the form of Parliament House at a ceremonymarking the ofcial Australian launch of International Year of Rice at Parliament House in Canberra on 25March. Shown standing behind the sculpture with LaurieArthur (
), president of the Ricegrowers’ Associa-tion of Australia, and Gerry Lawson (
), chairmanof SunRice, the deputy prime minister said: “I knowsome people watch Parliament on television as if it’s apopular serial. Now I suppose it really is one.”THE KOREAN MINISTRY of Agriculture and Forestry (MAF) launched its celebrationof International Year of Rice at the Agricultural Trade Center in Seoul on 28 May.Six hundred participants, including ambassadors of many countries, stakeholders,civil society representatives, administrators and agricultural scientists attendedthe event. “Our hope and purpose is to ensure the sustainability of agricultureas the basis for renewing our rural areas as clean, stable communities,” saidMinister of Agriculture and Forestry Sang-Man Heu in his opening remarks. “Letus use the United Nations’ declaration of International Year of Rice to realizethe importance of rice and agriculture in our society.” Admiring a rice-seedlingdisplay are (
 front, from lef
) an unidentied guest; D.G. Chung, president of theNational Agricultural Cooperative Foundation; W.S. Chang, chairman of the Presi-dential Committee on Agriculture, Fisheries and Rural Policies; S.H. Kim, former minister of education; Minister Heu; H.P. Moon, deputy administrator of the RuralDevelopment Administration; R.K. Park, former director general of the NationalInstitute of Crop Science (NICS); (
back, from left 
) S.H. Lee, director general of the MAF’s Bureau of Food Policy; V.V. Fen, ambassador of Uzbekistan; and M.H.Lee, NICS director general.
Thailand confab looks at trade
MINISTER OF COMMERCE Watana Muangsook opensthe Thailand Rice Convention with a sickle.
   C   L   A   R   E   S   I   D   D   I   N   S   H   Y   E   U   N  -   G   Y   U   N   P   A   R   K   /   R   D   A
he Vietnamese Ministry of  Agriculture and Rural Develop-ment on 31 May joined theFood and Agriculture Organizationof the United Nations and IRRI inlaunching the International Year of Rice in Hanoi. The ministry formeda committee to coordinate yearactivities, including the MekongRice Conference in Ho Chi MinhCity on 15-17 October, a rice-farmingcontest, a rice-cooking festival, andan exhibition on scientic advances inrice cultivation. Addressing the launch ceremony,Deputy Minister Bui Ba Bong said Vietnam — the world’s fth-largestrice producer, with an annual outputof 34.5 million tons — is willing tocultivate international cooperationin this eld. “Rice production in thecountry has been expanding over thepast 20 years, with annual increasesof nearly 1 million tons in output and2 t/ha in productivity,” he said, addingthat this achievement has helpedensure food security for this country of 80 million people and maintain riceexports of 3.5-4 million tons per year.On the same day, Vietnam gaveIRRI Director General Ronald P.Cantrell its Medal for Agricultureand Rural Development inrecognition of his con-tributions to agriculturaldevelopment and researchover the years. The awardcites not only his contribu-tions at IRRI since 1998, but also as director in 1984-90 of the Maize Program atthe International Maize and Wheat Improvement Centerin Mexico.Receiving Dr. Cantrellin Hanoi, Deputy Prime MinisterNguyen Tan Dung praised IRRI’ssupport for agricultural developmentin Vietnam, especially in research,training and the transfer of improvedrice varieties. He stressed the highpriority that Vietnam places onagricultural research and developmentand his hope that Vietnam-IRRIcooperation will continue. In response,Dr. Cantrell praised Vietnam’s nationalrenewal, especially its achievements inagricultural development and poverty alleviation.
Vietnam launches year, awards rice leaderLaos celebrates at national center
DR. CANTRELL, accom-panied by his wife, Pam,receives an award fromDeputy Minister for Agriculture and RuralDevelopment Bui Ba Bongand (
) shakes handswith Deputy Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung as IRRISenior Scientist T.P. Tuonglooks on.
celebration of the International Year of Rice on 8 Aprilattracted to the Lao National Agricultural ResearchCenter in Saithani, Vientiane, 100 guests, including SieneSaphangthong, minister of agriculture and forestry andformer IRRI board member (1996-2001), members of thenational assembly, and government ministers. April also saw work begin on a video, jointly produced by IRRI and Lao TV, on rice in Laos and the cooperationenjoyed over the past 14 years by IRRI, the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation, and the Lao Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. Completion of the video isexpected in September.In October, Laos will celebrate a special rice day,possibly coinciding with International Food Day on 17October. Prime Minister Bounnhang Vorachit will bethe chief guest and convener of the event, which willtake place at the Ministry of Agriculture in the morningand move to the National Agricultural Research Centerin the afternoon. The following month, the ASEANPlus Three Summit will take place in Vientiane, witha special rice exhibition mounted at the conferencecenter.Ongoing activities throughout the year include theIRRI-Rockefeller Edutainment Project encouragingfarmers to avoid early insecticide spraying, plans to launcha radio series on IPM for rice, and Lao Radio and TV special reports on rice.
The International Koshihikari Rice Prize was established in 1997, the 50thanniversary of the Fukui Agricultural Experiment Station’s rice-breedingprogram. The station’s development of the rice variety
, one of the best varieties in Japan, was an excellent example of the contributionslocal agricultural experiment stations make to rice production.The prize recognizes rice researchers and extension specialists workingat international, national and local agricultural research stations anduniversities.In celebration of the International Year of Rice 2004, the prize will beawarded to the two best candidates. Each Koshihikari laureate will beawarded 500,000 Japanese yen during an award ceremony scheduled for4 November 2004 in Tokyo, Japan. As part of the ceremony, the laureatesare asked to make a presentation about their achievements in riceresearch and extension.
   D   U   N   C   A   N   M   A   C   I   N   T   O   S   H   (   2   )
InternationalKoshihikariRice Prize
Call for nominations
The nomination deadline is 31 August 2004. For moreinformation and access to the online nomination form, goto www.irri.org/docs/Koshihikari.pdf. All inquiries aboutnominations and procedures should be directed to thesecretariat by email to ta1938@hotmail.com.

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