The first actual step taken in the post-war period was theundertaking of a careful study of the experiences of the first war in theHistorical Section of the General Staff, camouflaged as a section of theReichsarchiv. The economic studies were published as a series, Kriegrustungund Kriegswirtschaft (War Armament and War Economy). Two volumes, dealingwith the pre-World War I experience were published by 1930, while the othervolume, dealing with World War I economic mobilization, was Kept secret.These studies contained the blueprints and drawings for the mass productionof armaments under the Hindenburg program of 1916.Shortly after the establishment of the Historical Section, a smalleconomic section devoted to the preparation of economic mobilization planswas established within the Heereswaffenamt (Arms Office, i.e., OrdnanceDepartment) of the Reichswehr. This section was called the Nachschubstab(Supply Staff) and was a part of the Testing Division of the OrdnanceDepartment. As early as 1926, the Nachschubstab began to place officer-economists with the various corps area commands (Wehrkreiskommandos) forthe purpose of exploring quietly the armament potential of the districts towhich they were assigned. At the same time, the first attempts were made tointerest certain leaders of industry in economic mobilization problems. Atthe instance of the Heereswaffenamt a committee of industrialists,disguised behind the name of Statistical Society, was created under thechairmanship of Privy Councilor von Borsig.Preliminary OrganizationThe officers first engaged in the economic studies and planning werelargely outside the 100,000 men permitted the Reichswehr under theVersailles Treaty. They were men who had studied engineering and technologyas part of their military education and who, but for their camouflagedemployment, would have had to remain in the private businesses to whichdemobilization had sent them.The need for additional officers specially trained for the economicphase of modern warfare, and particularly younger officers for field-inspection work, soon became apparent. A small but steadily increasingnumber of officers on the active list were therefore sent to studyengineering and economics in various technical institutes.The use of non-military institutions was necessary because themilitary academies had been abolished under the Versailles Treaty. Thechief place of study was the Technical Institute at Berlin-Charlottenburg.The emphasis in the training was upon industrial engineering problems suchas production management in armament factories, problems ofstandardization, control of raw material flows, and rational use ofmanpower.The training of the officers included at least one year of practicalwork in factories and other production plants and numerous inspection tripsto mines, factories, and producing and fabricating centers.Upon this pioneer work of the Reichswehr, the Third Reich proceededto build an elaborate system of military control of economic mobilization.In 1933 a new body, the Wehrwirtschaftsstab (War Economy Staff) wasinstituted under the leadership. of Colonel Georg Thomas and with a smallstaff recruited from the officer-economists trained in the 1920's. TheWehrwirtschaftsstab represented the direct successor to the Nachschubstabof the Ordnance Department.