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Because I am a Girl - Youth Summary

Because I am a Girl - Youth Summary

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Published by Plan International
'Because I am a Girl: Learning for Life' Youth Summary Report 2012
'Because I am a Girl: Learning for Life' Youth Summary Report 2012

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Published by: Plan International on Jan 22, 2013
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Because I am a Girl
THE STATE OF THE WORLD’S GIRLS 2012
Learning For Lie
YOUTH SUMMARY
 
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Because I am a Girl:
Youth Summary
Learning For Life
2
Many thanks to the members o Plan youth groups rom the UK, USA, Finland, Canada, Malawi andSierra Leone or their active participation in the development o this youth summary
Whatever you think o yourschool or college,
education matters.
What does education enable you to do?How does it help you realise your dreams?
Is your educationteaching you tothink?
Imagine i you were denied an education….because you were a girl.
Not too long ago, this was a reality or girls theworld over, and or too many it still is.
Education can sometimes be seen as important or boys only. Girls lose outbecause o their gender.
For over 200 years people have campaigned or the equal rights o 
ALL
children, boys and girls,to be able to benet rom their right to education.This year, Plan’s ‘Because I am a Girl’ report looks at the idea o ‘Learning or Lie’ and education or adolescent girls aged10-19 in particular. We look at some o the barriers girls can ace which prevent them rom attending secondary school;at what they are actually learning i they are in school, and at the opportunities that education creates in other aspects o girls’ lives, such as health, jobs and relationships.
What’s this got to do with you?
Young people need to be inormed, and it is vital that they know about girls’ rights to their education and have theknowledge and skills to campaign in support o those rights, wherever they are in the world. There are numerousinternational declarations and laws that are supposed to saeguard all children’s rights to an education and young peoplethemselves can help to make sure these laws are upheld.
Globally there are 39 million girls aged 11-15 out o school. This is not right,and it’s not air. Girls’ rights to education are meaningless unless they alsohave a supportive environment that helps them to enrol in school and staythere. They should not be stopped rom going to school, by violence andsexism, and ultimately they should be ree to make decisions about theirown lives and schooling.‘‘Lie here was tough! Girls’ education was not a priority or most people.Most people married o their young girls to escape rom high levels o poverty.Water, health and ood were the most pressing needs o the communities.’’
Ayesha, 14, South Sudan
Why adolescent girls?
Because it is at puberty that in many parts o the world girls are seen as ready or motherhood, and are expected to takeon domestic responsibilities.
AGE 14- A PIVOTAL TIME!
Plan’s research across 9 countries ound that age 14 is the time most girls are likely to drop out o school. It isthen that poverty and discrimination put huge pressures on a girl’s ability to stay in school. Girls leave to takeon the household chores, to get married, or because parents don’t have the money to pay or their education.As girls develop physically there is oten increasing ocus on their reproductive and sexual roles rather than theireducational needs and their right to education
Nargis’ Future?
Baby Nargis, welcomed as the world’s seventh billionth person, was born on October 31st, 2011. She was born into a poorrural community in India. Although Nargis has the right to an education, whether she will be able to realise that right andbenet rom the wider eects that a quality education can provide is another story. In the diagram below we have mappedout two ctional paths or how Nargis’ uture might look:
 
Nargis’suture?
Doesn’t goto school
BornGoes toprimaryEnrols insecondaryLearnsFinishesschooland gets agood jobLearnsDoesn’t go toschool, staysat homeMarried o at age 12
(almost 45 per cent o girlsin Uttar Pradesh will bemarried beore age 15)
Has childat age 14
(12% teenagepregnancyrate in UttarPradesh)
Cycle o povertycontinuesDoesn’t learn
PaoloBlackforthe  YoungHealth Programme
Front cover photo Plan / Al Berg
 
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Because I am a Girl:
Youth Summary
Learning For Life
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What are human rights?Human rights are the basic rights and reedoms to which all humans are entitled.
You have human rights simply because you are human and they cannot be taken away. Human rights ensure people canlive reely and that they are able to fourish, reach their potential and participate in society. They are there to ensure thatpeople are treated airly and with dignity and respect, but it does not always work out like that. Not everyone gets torealise their rights and it is important to know what they are and to stand up or them!As well as the value o education or girls themselves,
ASK YOURSELF
, what are the benets o girls’ education to theiramily, their community and the wider world?
Educated girls who go on to become mothers, are morelikely to have their children later when their bodiescan handle pregnancy and to have healthier and moreeducated children.
They are more likely to earn better salaries and be ableto negotiate airer wages at work, so helping to littheir amilies and communities out o poverty.
They are more likely to speak out on issues aectingthem and their amilies, to understand their rights andbe a orce or change.
Education also protects against violence. Educated menare less likely to infict domestic violence and educatedwomen are less likely to eel they must put up with it.
Empowerment = having the POWER to make decisions and choices aboutyour own lie.Can you think o an example where you have been empowered to make achoice or decision about your lie? What do you think would have happenedi you were not empowered to make that decision?Know your rights:
Girls’ right to education is protected in many important international legal documents spanning over 60 years, here are some keyinternational rights agreements and other targets established by UN member states or you to amiliarise yoursel with:
International Human RightsInstruments + InternationalIntergovernmentalDeclarations andProgrammes o ActionsArticle:Relevance:Convention on the Rights o the Child (CRC) (1989)
Article 28,29 (1), 2
Article 28:
You have a right to education. The way bad behaviour inschools is dealt with should respect your dignity. Primary educationshould be ree and compulsory. Rich countries should help poorercountries achieve this.
Article 29:
Education should help develop your personality, talentsand mental and physical skills. It should prepare you or lie, encourageyou to respect your parents. It should also encourage you to respectyour own and other nations’ and cultures. You have a right to learnabout your rights. And education should help you live a peaceul andsustainable lie.
Universal Declaration onHuman Rights 1948
Article 26Everyone has the right to an education and primary education shouldbe ree and compulsory. Further education should be accessible to alldepending on ability only and parents have the right to choose whatkind o education their child receives. Education should develop globalcitizens who respect human rights, are tolerant o all cultures, nations,races and religions and want to maintain peace.
Dakar Education or All(EFA) Platorm For Action(2000)
Goals 1-6
6 goals:
1. Improve pre-school care and education, especially or disadvantagedand vulnerable children.2. Ensure that there is ree, good quality and compulsory education orall, especially girls, ethnic minorities and disadvantaged children.3. Ensure that the learning needs o all, not just young people, are metthrough learning and lie skills programmes.4. Boost the number o adults who can read by 50 per cent between2000 and 2015.5. Eliminate gender inequality in education.6. Improve the quality o education globally and ensure that everyoneleaves education with the relevant qualications, especially in corelie skills such as maths, reading and writing.
Millennium DevelopmentGoals (MDGs)In 2000, 189 nations madea promise to ree peoplerom extreme poverty andmultiple deprivations. Thispledge became the eightMillennium DevelopmentGoals
Goal 2and 3
MDG 2:
By 2015, all children should be able to complete a ull primaryschool education.
MDG 3:
There should be no gender inequality at any level o educationby 2015.In reality, having a ‘right’ to something is no guarantee o actually getting it. A girl’s right to go to school is not alwayshonoured, and girls may not be aware o their rights to begin with.
THINK ABOUT IT:
GIRLS EDUCATION ISBENEFICIAL FOR EVERYONE,when you educate a girl youare investing in the well-beingo the entire nation.

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