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Winter 2013: Transportation

Winter 2013: Transportation

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Published by REALTORS®
Funding, Roads and Transit
Buses, Streetcars and Bikes
Rethinking Parking
Funding, Roads and Transit
Buses, Streetcars and Bikes
Rethinking Parking

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Published by: REALTORS® on Jan 22, 2013
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01/30/2014

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2
ON COMMON GROUND WINTER 2013
For more information on NAR and smart growth, visit www.realtor.org/smartgrowth.
On Common Ground
is published twice a year by the Community and PoliticalAffairs division of the NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF REALTORS
®
(NAR),and is distributed free of charge. The publication presents a wide range of views on smart growth issues, with the goal of encouraging a dialogue amongREALTORS
®
, elected ofcials and other interested citizens. The opinions
expressed in
On Common Ground
are those of the authors and do not
necessarily reect the opinions or policy of the NATIONAL ASSOCIATION
OF REALTORS
®
, its members or afliate organizations.
Editor
 Joseph R. MolinaroManaging Director, Communityand Political Affairs jmolinaro@realtors.org
Assistant Editor
Hugh MorrisSmart Growth Outreach Representativehmorris@realtors.orgNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF REALTORS
®
 500 New Jersey Avenue, NWWashington, DC 20001
Distribution
For more copies of this issue or to be placed on our mailing list for futureissues of 
On Common Ground
, please contact Ted Wright, NAR, at(202) 383-1206 or twright@realtors.org.
On Common Ground
is also available online at
www.realtor.org/smartgrowth
©
2013 NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF REALTORS
®
How we move around is undergoing a big shift. Travel by carhas reached a saturation point, as evidenced by the levelingoff of miles driven, and alternatives such as public transit andbicycles are attracting larger shares of the traveling public.One aspect of the gain in transit ridership is the greaterpatronage that buses are enjoying from “choice riders” — those who could drive their own cars if they wished. Andtransit, whether bus, rail or streetcar, is proving itself to be acatalyst for successful real estate development, as demand forliving and working near transit is increasing.There also is a new recognition that how we design ourstreets, which are our major transportation facilities, playsa huge role in determining the character of neighborhoods.
Oversized streets in business districts can negatively affectcommerce by increasing trafc speed and making the sidewalks
less welcoming for pedestrians; our article on “Road Diets”
shows a promising approach in right-sizing these facilities.
And as shown in the article “Building a Better Community,”
citizens are taking the lead in reimagining what a livelier street
could look like, with the result often being new economic lifefor underused commercial properties.Unfortunately, the transportation funding law that Congresspassed this summer looks to the past rather than to thesenew futures. There was no stomach for increasing the motorfuels tax, although the revenue from the current tax is not
sufcient to meet the nation’s transportation needs. There
were attempts to cut off transit funding. Dedicated fundingfor pedestrian and bicycle facilities was eliminated. Proposalsfor adopting a “Complete Streets” policy that would requirethe consideration of all corridor users (such as pedestrians,bicyclists and transit users) were defeated. As made clear inthis issue of 
On Common Ground,
it is at the local level thatthe picture of our transportation future is being drawn, as
communities decide for themselves how to meet tomorrow’s
growth and transportation challenges.
The Future of Transportation
 
3
Moving Ahead for Progress? 
4
 
by David Goldberg 
Public Transportation Is Picking Up 
10
 
by Brad Broberg 
Bike Sharing Is on the Movein America 
14
by Martin Zimmerman
Find the Perfect Spot 
Rethinking Required Parking 18
 
by Brian Clark 
From Freeways to Boulevards
 
As urban freeways age, cities move to take them down, before they fall down
 
22
 
by David Goldberg 
Bus Rapid Transit 
 What’s New? 28
 
by G.M. Filisko
Streetcars Still on Track 
32
 
by G.M. Filisko
Creative Funding 
 With federal funding lacking, how will local andstate municipalities pay for roads and transit? 36
 
by Tracey Velt 
High Speed Rail
High Costs Derail Development 42
by Christine Jordan Sexton
TODs Are Top Choice in the Market 
46
by John Van Gieson
New Routes for Rural Roots
Creative transportation options connectrural America 52
by Brad Broberg 
Building a Better Community
… One Block at a Time
 
58
by Brian E. Clark 
Road Diets
64
by Christine Jordan Sexton
REALTORS
®
Take Action
 
Making Smart Growth Happen
66
Winter 2013
On Common Ground
 
 thanks the following contributors and organizations for photographs, illustrations andartist renderings reprinted in this issue: Annette Ballou, BioEnterprise; Lynnda Bassham, Lower Savannah Councilof Governments; Jeffrey Boothe, Holland & Knight; Gerald Carpenter, Utah Transit Authority; Dawn Mullally Chase, Roaring Fork Transportation Authority; Kimberly Cella, Citizens for Modern Transit; Danielle Decker,Seattle’s Convention & Visitors Bureau; Mack Deibel, Greater Sandpoint Chamber of Commerce; Tim Frank, PortAuthority of Allegheny County; Carlos Gallinar, City of El Paso; Connie Garber, York County Community ActionCorporation; Caitlin Ghoshal, Congress for the New Urbanism; Rick Gustafson, Shiels Obletz Johnsen, Inc.; Kathy Karalekas, Hillsborough Area Regional Transit; Don Klein, Greater Nashville Association of REALTORS®; BobLasher, Pinellas Suncoast Transit Authority; John Lisle, DDOT; Karen Massie, California High-Speed Rail Authority;Ken Miller, New Jersey Transit; Nicholas Monoyios, The Rapid; Gina M. Morris, Downtown Cleveland Alliance; Jessica Niemeyer, Citizens for Modern Transit; Stuart Proffitt, Proffitt Dixon Partners; Kauilani Robinson, Seattle’sConvention and Visitors Bureau; Mary McCahon Shaffer, Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority; Amber Stidham, Regional Transportation Commission of Southern Nevada; Rebecca M. Sullivan, Reconnecting America;and Tina M. Votaw, Charlotte Area Transit System.
On Common Ground
 
4
ON COMMON GROUND WINTER 2013
By David Goldberg 
Last summer, just beore adjourning or campaign season,Congress nally adopted a new law setting unding levels
and policy priorities or ederal investment in highways,
bridges and public transportation. It was nearly three years
overdue; the last law, known as SAFEEA-LU, expired in
September 2009. Te new one, dubbed Moving Ahead
or Progress in the 21st Century — MAP-21 or short —
lasts only two years, versus the usual six or so. And or the rst time, the bill was passed amid a swirl o 
partisan rancor and controversy. Since the Interstate High-
 way Act created the modern transportation program in
1956, the so-called “highway bill” has been one o the ew 
measures that members o Congress term a no-brainer:
Because it delivered billions o dollars to every state and
Congressional district, it very rarely engendered much in
the way o partisan wrangling.
The bill was passed amid a swirlo partisan rancor and controversy.
Despite its name, new federal transportationlaw largely echoes the past.
for Progress?
Courtesy of Reconnecting America
 
 Moving Ahea

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