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Statement on Phase-out of Cyanazine

Statement on Phase-out of Cyanazine

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Tap Water in 38 Central Calif. Cities Tainted With Banned Pesticide --
Some Bottle-Fed Infants May Exceed ‘Safe’ Dose Before Age 1
Tap Water in 38 Central Calif. Cities Tainted With Banned Pesticide --
Some Bottle-Fed Infants May Exceed ‘Safe’ Dose Before Age 1

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Published by: Environmental Working Group on Jan 22, 2013
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Environmental Working Group
Executive Summary 
The tap water of about 1 million Californians, mostly in the San Joaquin Valley, is contami-nated with a long-banned pesticide that is one of the most potent carcinogens known,according to an Environmental Working Group (EWG) analysis of state data. YetCalifornia’s current drinking water standards for the compound allow exposure to 100times the “safe” adult dose and almost 300 times the “safe” dose for infants and children.EWG’s computer-assisted analysis of water utility test results for DBCP in finished waterleaving treatment plants found that DBCP contaminates tap water in 38 water systems innine counties. Fresno, Riverside, Clovis, Lodi and Madera are the largest communities withserious contamination problems (Table 1).In all 38 of these communities, the tap water delivered to homes, schools and businessescontains levels of DBCP well above the levels considered safe by the state for other cancer-causing compounds -- the so-called negligible, or one in one million, risk level. In 31 com-munities, average DBCP contamination levels for 1996 through 1998 were from 10 to 200times the amount associated with a “negligible” risk of cancer (Spath 1988).DBCP is a potent carcinogen and perhaps the most powerful testicular toxin ever made.The pesticide causes genetic mutations and cancer in every species of animal on which ithas been tested, in both sexes and by all routes of exposure -- ingestion, contact with theskin, and inhalation. It is classified as a probable human carcinogen by the U.S. Environ-mental Protection Agency, and the World Health Organization classifies it as “havingsufficient evidence of carcinogenicity.” According to University of California researchers,DBCP can “abolish” testicular function in test animals that are administered just a singledose of the compound (Reed et al. 1987).
Infants and children at highest risk 
The current legal limit for DBCP in California tap water does not protect infants and chil-dren. For example, the risk assessments used by the state to establish safe exposure limitsdo not acknowledge that bottle-fed babies drink seven times more water relative to theirsize than adults. EWG corrected the state’s risk estimates to account for infants who drink contaminated tap water mixed in their formula and also bathe in DBCP-tainted water. Wefound that the current legal contamination limit, or MCL, allows 285 times more DBCP intap water than would normally be considered safe for infants.
EWG California Policy Memorandum
Contact:Bill Walker (415) 561-6698Zev Ross (415) 561-6699EWG California • P.O Box 29201, The Presidio • San Francisco, CA 94129 • (415) 561-6698 • Fax (415) 561-6696info@ewg.org • www.ewg.org November 1999
 Tap Water in 38 Central Calif. Cities Tainted With Banned Pesticide -- Some Bottle-Fed Infants May Exceed ‘Safe’ Dose Before Age 1
Environmental Working Group2
 SOURCE: Environmental Working Group, from water suppliers’ test results, 1996-98
Based on current levels of contamination, all of which are legal, EWG estimates that in 19California communities including Fresno, Riverside, Clovis, Madera and Lodi, the averagebottle-fed infant who drinks formula reconstituted with tap water receives a lifetime’s doseof DBCP by his or her first birthday (Table 2). By the time these children are one year old,their cancer risk from DBCP exceeds the one in one million level of risk generally deemedacceptable by state and federal regulators. In 11 communities these bottle-fed infants re-ceive a lifetime dose in the first six months of life.Twenty years after it was banned, DBCP is still found in the tap water of at least 1 millionCalifornians at levels that present a high degree of risk. Because it takes 140 years forDBCP to completely degrade under average groundwater conditions in California, for allpractical purposes DBCP will remain in the drinking water of these communities untilaction is taken to clean it up or bring alternative water supplies to the affected areas.
 Table 1: Thirty-eight California comunities where DBCP levels exceed cancer risk standards.
Avg. DBCPMultiple ofMultiple oPopulationConc (ppb)Safe AdultSafe ChildWater System CityServed1996-98DoseDose
Carrillo Water System Shafter500.434217620Sun World International Inc.-Com Center Bakersfield2500.19497277Tulco Water Company Visalia7200.18492263U C Shafter Research Station Shafter260.18191259Malaga County Water District Fresno1,0000.16683237Madera-City Madera35,5150.13869197Exeter City of Exeter8,1310.11658166Parlier City of Parlier10,0000.11357161Lindsay City of Lindsay8,9700.09146130Bakman Water Company Fresno8,5000.08844126Lodi City of Lodi53,9030.08442120Clovis City of Clovis70,5350.07437106LSID - Tonyville Lindsay4000.07136101Cutler PUD Cutler4,0000.0582983Riverside City of Riverside245,0000.0572981City of Sanger Sanger17,3800.0552879Delhi CWD Delhi3,2800.0482469Fresno City of Fresno390,3500.0452364Reedley City of Reedley21,0000.0432261Wasco City of Wasco13,7740.0371953Delano Grower's Grape Products Delano430.0331747Earlimart PUD Earlimart6,5000.0301543Ceres City of Ceres30,0380.0281440Ripon City of Ripon8,2000.0251336Visalia - California Water Service San Jose82,3000.0251336Kingsburg City of Kingsburg8,3350.0231233Ivanhoe Public Utility Dist Ivanhoe5,0000.0231233City of Hughson Hughson3,3810.0221131Delano City of Delano29,9440.0201029Vaughn WC Inc Bakersfield11,9060.0201029Modesto City of Modesto180,3200.0201029California Water Service - Selma San Jose16,2500.016823Lamont PUD Lamont12,6900.015821Tulare City of Tulare39,8000.012617Dinuba City of Dinuba14,1920.010514Caruthers Comm Serv Dist Caruthers1,6600.00537City of Modesto De Hillcrest Modesto8050.00426Orosi Public Utility District Orosi5,4860.00426
Total1,343,343 Average0.0693498
Environmental Working Group
State health standards for DBCP are incredibly weak. They do virtually nothing to protectCalifornians, but instead, legalize unsafe levels of exposure to the pesticide. They allow100 times more DBCP in tap water than is generally considered a safe level of exposure tocarcinogens, and nearly 300 time the generally recognized safe level when state estimatesare corrected to accurately reflect infant exposure via tap water and bathing.
 Table 2: Formula-fed children in 19 communities get a lifetime dose of DBCP by age one
Age of child atone in a millionPoulationcancer riskWater SystemCityServed(months old)
Carrillo Water System Shafter501.0Sun World International Inc.-Com Center Bakersfield2502.2Tulco Water Company Visalia7202.3U C Shafter Research Station Shafter262.3Malaga County Water District Fresno1,0002.5Madera-City Madera35,5153.0Exeter City of Exeter8,1313.6Parlier City of Parlier10,0003.7Lindsay City of Lindsay8,9704.8Bakman Water Company Fresno8,5005.0Lodi City of Lodi53,9035.3Clovis City of Clovis70,5356.2LSID - Tonyville Lindsay4006.5Cutler PUD Cutler4,0008.1Riverside City of Riverside245,0008.3City of Sanger Sanger17,3808.7Delhi CWD Delhi3,28010.2Fresno City of Fresno390,35010.9Reedley City of Reedley21,00011.4Wasco City of Wasco13,77414.0Delano Grower's Grape Products Delano4316.0Earlimart PUD Earlimart6,50018.6Ceres City of Ceres30,03820.3Ripon City of Ripon8,20022.8Visalia - California Water Service San Jose82,30023.2Kingsburg City of Kingsburg8,33526.2Ivanhoe Public Utility Dist Ivanhoe5,00025.6City of Hughson Hughson3,38127.0Delano City of Delano29,94430.6Vaughn WC Inc Bakersfield11,90630.1Modesto City of Modesto180,32030.8California Water Service - Selma San Jose16,25039.8Lamont PUD Lamont12,69045.0Tulare City of Tulare39,80056.2Dinuba City of Dinuba14,19268.1Caruthers Comm Serv Dist Caruthers1,660197.6City of Modesto De Hillcrest Modesto805222.9Orosi Public Utility District Orosi5,486282.9
Total1,349,634 Average34
 SOURCE: Environmental Working Group, from water suppliers’ test results, 1996-98

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