Environmental Working Group2
SOURCE: Environmental Working Group, from water suppliers’ test results, 1996-98
Based on current levels of contamination, all of which are legal, EWG estimates that in 19California communities including Fresno, Riverside, Clovis, Madera and Lodi, the averagebottle-fed infant who drinks formula reconstituted with tap water receives a lifetime’s doseof DBCP by his or her first birthday (Table 2). By the time these children are one year old,their cancer risk from DBCP exceeds the one in one million level of risk generally deemedacceptable by state and federal regulators. In 11 communities these bottle-fed infants re-ceive a lifetime dose in the first six months of life.Twenty years after it was banned, DBCP is still found in the tap water of at least 1 millionCalifornians at levels that present a high degree of risk. Because it takes 140 years forDBCP to completely degrade under average groundwater conditions in California, for allpractical purposes DBCP will remain in the drinking water of these communities untilaction is taken to clean it up or bring alternative water supplies to the affected areas.
Table 1: Thirty-eight California comunities where DBCP levels exceed cancer risk standards.
Avg. DBCPMultiple ofMultiple of PopulationConc (ppb)Safe AdultSafe ChildWater System CityServed1996-98DoseDose
Carrillo Water System Shafter500.434217620Sun World International Inc.-Com Center Bakersfield2500.19497277Tulco Water Company Visalia7200.18492263U C Shafter Research Station Shafter260.18191259Malaga County Water District Fresno1,0000.16683237Madera-City Madera35,5150.13869197Exeter City of Exeter8,1310.11658166Parlier City of Parlier10,0000.11357161Lindsay City of Lindsay8,9700.09146130Bakman Water Company Fresno8,5000.08844126Lodi City of Lodi53,9030.08442120Clovis City of Clovis70,5350.07437106LSID - Tonyville Lindsay4000.07136101Cutler PUD Cutler4,0000.0582983Riverside City of Riverside245,0000.0572981City of Sanger Sanger17,3800.0552879Delhi CWD Delhi3,2800.0482469Fresno City of Fresno390,3500.0452364Reedley City of Reedley21,0000.0432261Wasco City of Wasco13,7740.0371953Delano Grower's Grape Products Delano430.0331747Earlimart PUD Earlimart6,5000.0301543Ceres City of Ceres30,0380.0281440Ripon City of Ripon8,2000.0251336Visalia - California Water Service San Jose82,3000.0251336Kingsburg City of Kingsburg8,3350.0231233Ivanhoe Public Utility Dist Ivanhoe5,0000.0231233City of Hughson Hughson3,3810.0221131Delano City of Delano29,9440.0201029Vaughn WC Inc Bakersfield11,9060.0201029Modesto City of Modesto180,3200.0201029California Water Service - Selma San Jose16,2500.016823Lamont PUD Lamont12,6900.015821Tulare City of Tulare39,8000.012617Dinuba City of Dinuba14,1920.010514Caruthers Comm Serv Dist Caruthers1,6600.00537City of Modesto De Hillcrest Modesto8050.00426Orosi Public Utility District Orosi5,4860.00426