Town of Cape Vincent Review January 20, 2013adopted a zoning law that limits nighttime industrial noiseto no more than 35 dBA, 40 dBA and 45 dBA; and 55 dBC, 58dBC and 63 dBC, for night, evening and daytime periods,respectively. Predictive modeling should furnish octaveband sound pressure levels, basing these predictions on awind turbine model that reflects worst case noise impacts.Modeling should provide an appropriate adjustment for modeland turbine variability and with Gs= 0, Gm= 0, and Gr= 0.9.In the preparation of maps to describe potential noiseimpacts, property lines should be clearly defined so thatland owners, those with leases and good neighbor agreementsas well as non-participants, can examine noise impacts ontheir property. In addition, the predictive analysisshould include a tabled format of sound levels for allresidences keyed to the the sound level map. The tabledprojections should provide predicted A-Weighted and C-Weighted sound levels at each residence and somedesignation as to whether the resident is a participant,either lessee or good neighbor, or non-participant. Thenoise impact analysis should include three operationalscenarios: 1) noise levels at cut-in speeds, 2) noiselevels at ½ power output and 3) noise levels at full outputof the wind turbine. Finally, a summary tally should becompleted to estimate the number of Cape Vincent propertieswhere turbine noise levels will exceed 35 dBA.
INFRASOUND & LOW FREQUENCY NOISE (LFN)
– The WisconsinPublic Service Commission just recently released and postedon their website
a ground-breaking study of wind turbineinfrasound noise impacts at the Shirley Wind project, BrownCounty, Wisconsin. The study, authored by four independentacoustic consulting firms with experience in assessing windturbine noise impacts, concluded: “
The four investigating firms are of the opinion that enough evidence and hypotheses have been given herein to classify LFN and infrasound as a serious issue, possibly affecting thefuture of the industry.”
Because infrasound levels wereinaudible, but nevertheless problematic for some residentsof the Shirley Wind project, the acoustical engineers alsorecommended conducting a follow-up study: “
A Threshold of Perception test with participating and non-participating Shirley residents
.” Until the perception study iscompleted a conservative recommendation in their report waswind turbine noise levels should not exceed 33.5 dBA.
A Cooperative Measurement Survey and Analysis of Low Frequency and Infrasound at the Shirley Wind Farm inBrown County, Wisconsin [Wisc. PSC Report Number 122412-1 Issued: December 24, 2012]