THE NEW YORK STATE ARCHIVES
The New York State Archives reaches every communityin New York—saving community heritage, improvingcitizen access to important records, and enrichingeduca-tion and lifelong learning.A program of the StateEducation Department, the Archives preserves and makesaccessible the essential recorded evidence, past andpresent, of New York’s governments, organizations,peoples, and events. It joins thousands of governmentsand cultural organizations engaged in this enterprise.
THE ARCHIVES PARTNERSHIP TRUST
The Archives Partnership Trust is an innovative public/ private partnership dedicated to sustaining the excellenceof the State Archives and to ensuring thatNew York’smost valuable historical records are available forfuture generations. The Partnership Trust, a 501(c)(3)not-for-profit organization, is governed by a board ofcitizens selected for their leadership and commitmentto education and cultural affairs.
ARCHIVES PARTNERSHIPTRUST BOARD
John Hanna, Jr.,
Dr. John Jay Iselin,
Lawrence A. Staub, Jr.,
Barbara A. Brinkley,
Dr. Nedda C. AllbrayA. Laurie BrosnahanDr. Ann L. ButtenwieserHon. Saul B. CohenDr. Barbaralee Diamonstein-SpielvogelHenry N. “Jim” Eyre, Jr.Hon. Arnold B. GardnerBronwyn N. HannonGeorge R. Hearst IIIHuyler C. Held, Esq.Harold HolzerWilliam F. HowardHon. John J. McEnenyAvi Schick, Esq.Hon. Alexander F. TreadwellChristine W. Ward,
Robert E. Bullock,
ON THE FRONT COVER
Donna Johs on her tricycle inLevittown,New York,c.1950.
FRED AND DOROTHY JOHS
The Archives Partnership Trust appreciates the support of
Furthermore: a program of the J.M. Kaplan Fund.
Judy P. Hohmann
Anthony Mattrazzo IIISonya Tucker
Nedda C. AllbrayWilliam G. AndrewsAllen BallardAnn L. ButtenwieserHoward DodsonPaul GrondahlLaurence HauptmanHarold HolzerJames Oliver HortonWilliam F. HowardKenneth T. JacksonCeledonia (Cal) JonesCarol KammenAndrew KaufmanWilliam KennedyFélix V. Matos RodríguezJohn J. McEnenyJeff ShaaraCarolyn VaccaJudith Wellman
Robert W. Arnold IIISamuel C. BogenRobert E. BullockJames CorsaroGeorge HamellGeof HuthEdward H. KnoblauchJackson McPetersGrazia Yaeger
New York Archives
is published by theArchives Partnership Trust primarily as abenefit of membership in the Trust.Annual membership is $35. Inquiries aboutmembership should be addressed to theMembership Coordinator, ArchivesPartnership Trust, Suite 9C49, CulturalEducation Center, Albany, NY 12230.Phone: (518) 473-7091; fax:(518) 473-7058;e-mail: email@example.com: www.nysarchives.orgTo be considered for publication, a manu-script should be based in part on materialsin a historical records repository in NewYork State.The Archives Partnership Trust andthe New York State Archives are notresponsible for statements of factoropinion made by contributors. Publishedarticles do not necessarily represent theviews of the Partnership Trust or theState Archives.©2007 Archives Partnership TrustISSN: 1535-7813