What is Personality?
Personality encompasses a person’s relative state, feelings, thoughts and
behaviour patterns; meaning a uniqueness that differentiates us from otherpeople. A sum total of individual characteristics and ways of behaving which intheir organization or patterning describes an
unique adjustment tohis/her environment.Personality is the characteristic patterns of behaviour and modes of thinking that determine a person's adjustment to the environment. Personality is thecombination of characteristics or qualities that form an individual's distinctivecharacter. It encompasses the enduring traits and characteristics that relates to a
motivations, interpersonal interactions and attitudes.
What is Personality Assessment?
Psychological assessment is a process that involves the integration of information from multiple sources, such as tests of normal and abnormalpersonality, tests of ability or intelligence, tests of interests or attitudes, as wellas information from personal interviews. Collateral information is also collectedabout personal, occupational, or medical history, such as from records or frominterviews with parents, spouses, teachers, or previous therapists or physicians.A
is one of the sources of data used within the process of assessment; usually more than one test is used. Many psychologists do somelevel of assessment when providing services to clients or patients, and may usefor example, simple checklists to assess some traits or symptoms, but psychological assessment is a more complex, detailed, in-depth process. Typicaltypes of focus for psychological assessment are to provide a diagnosis fortreatment settings; to assess a particular area of functioning or disability oftenfor school settings; to help select type of treatment or to assess treatment outcomes; to help courts decide issues such as child custody or competency tostand trial; or to help assess job applicants or employees and provide careerdevelopment counselling or training.
Psychometric Properties of Personality Assessment:
Psychometric properties deal with the scientific measurement of individualdifferences (personality and intelligence). It attempts to measure thepsychological qualities of individuals and use that knowledge to make
predictions about behaviour. It assesses a person’s ability or personality in a
measured and structured way. It involves two major research tasks, namely: