1.1 The project and its objectives
Currently, only limited statistics are available regarding accidents involving trucks and evenless is known about the cause of these accidents. To fill in this lack of knowledge, theEuropean Commission (EC) and the International Road Transport Union (IRU) launched aunique scientific study, the European Truck Accident Causation (ETAC) study. Knowing thatthere are many factors which contribute to an accident and knowing that those factors areinterlinked, the
aim of the study is to identify the main causes of accidents involvingtrucks
. From a research point of view, the main cause is the cause which has made thegreatest contribution to the fact that the accident happened. The detailed objectives of thestudy are presented below:
To develop a
scientific, widely accepted and internationally benchmarkedmethodology
To develop a European
investigate over 600 truck accidents in seven Europeancountries (France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Slovenia, Spain)
To identify the
and the causal sequence of accidents involving trucks,
to various stakeholders which contribute to the improvementof road safety
by targeting the main causes of accidents involving trucks,
To make the
results available to the research community and other relevantparties
.The results of the study were established in a scientific, unbiased, independent manner which enabled the identification of truck accident causation. The advantage of the accidentdata collection is that the study focuses on truck accidents and allows an in-depth accidentinvestigation, using the same methodology and data codification in any country.
2 The Methodology
2.1 The selection criteria
Each accident studied involves at least one truck (commercial vehicle of GrossWeight >3.5t).
All accidents involve at least one injured person.
On-spot investigation of the accident, where:
The vehicles are still in their final position.
The collection of information on infrastructure, vehicles and peopleinvolved in the accident (covering around 3000 parameters) can befulfilled.
The sample areas are statistically representative with reference to the nationalaccident statistics and the distribution of national infrastructure.