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Table Of Contents

1.1 Introduction
1.2 General Radio Network Planning Process
1 How to Use This Guide
1.3 Quick Guide to Content of Each Section
2 LTE Fundamentals & Key Technologies
2.1 Overview of Data Market as a Whole
2.2 3GPP Evolution and Market Expectation
2.3 LTE Modulation Technology Highlight
2.3.1 OFDM Fundamental
2.3.2 SC-FDMA Fundamental
2.4 LTE Frame Structure
2.5 LTE Resource Block Architecture
2.6 Reference Signal Structure
2.7 Timing and Sampling Architecture
2.7.1 Normal and Extended Cyclic Prefx
2.7.2 Synchronization Channel
2.8 Uplink Physical Channel Structure
2.8.1 FDD Uplink Control, Sounding and Demodulation Reference Signal Structure
2.9 Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO)
2.9.1 3GPP MIMO Mode Defnition
2.9.2 Open Loop MIMO
2.9.3 Closed Loop MIMO
2.9.4 Pre-coding Matrix
2.9.5 Beam Forming
2.10 LTE FDD vs LTE TDD Main Features Comparison
2.11 LTE Channels Hierarchy Overview
2.11.1 Physical Channel Modulation Schemes
2.11.2 Downlink Channel Functionality Breakdown
2.11.3 Uplink Channel Functionality Breakdown
2.11.4 Channel Functionality Description in Detail
2.11.5 Downlink Control Channel and RE Mapping Relationship
2.12 Cell Search, Synchronization & Mobility–UE Call Flow View
2.12.1 Cell Search and Synchronization
2.12.5 EUTRAN Hierarchy and Interface Overview
2.12.3 System Information Bit Defnition
2.12.6 Summary of Handover Call Flow – 3GPP Example TS36.300
2.13 Example of Peak Data Rate Calculation
3 LTE Frequency and Spectrum Planning
3.1 Frequency Spectrum Overview - FDD
3.2 Frequency Spectrum Overview - TDD
3.3 Channel Bandwidth and Subcarrier Allocation
3.4 Channel Arrangement
3.4.1 Channel Spacing
3.4.2 Channel Raster
3.4.3 Carrier Frequency and EARFCN
3.5 Frequency Planning Recommendations
3.5.1 Conventional Frequency Reuse Scheme 1*3*1
3.5.2 SFR 1*3*1 – Downlink and Uplink
3.5.3 TDD Specifc Frequency Planning Considerations
3.5.4 Frequency Band Selection
3.5.5 Cyclic Prefx Planning
3.5.6 Placing Multiple Technologies@Multiple Frequency Band
4 Link Budget and Coverage Planning
4.1 Conventional Link Budget
4.2 Propagation Parameters
4.2.1 Channel Model
4.2.2 3GPP Value for Multipath and Doppler Effect
4.2.3 Propagation Model
4.2.4 Penetration Loss
4.3.1 Transmit Power
4.3.2 Receiver Sensitivity
4.3.3 Noise Figure
4.3.4 Antenna Gain
4.4 LTE-Related Parameters
4.4.1 MIMO Gains
4.4.2 Cell Edge Rate
4.4.3 Interference Margin
4.4.4 Beam Forming
4.5 System Reliability
4.5.1 Slow Fading Margin
4.5.2 Effect of Earth Curvature
4.5.3 Absence of Fast Fading and Soft Handover Margin
4.6 Specifc Factors in Link Budget Consideration
4.6.1 Features Overview
4.6.2 TTI Bundling
4.6.3 Interference Rejection Combining
4.6.4 Reference Signal Power Boosting Gain
4.6.5 Remote Radio Unit and eNodeB Portfolio
4.7 Summary of Variables inside Link Budget Tools
5 Interference and Guard Band Analysis
5.1 Overview
5.1.1 Basic Concepts
5.1.2 Analysis of Background Noise
5.1.3 Impact of Interference
5.2 Interference Between TDD Systems
5.2.1 Interference between Different Carriers
5.2.2 Interference within the Same Carrier
5.2.3 Theoretical Analysis of Interference under Site Sharing
5.2.4 Theoretical Analysis of Interference: Non Colocated eNodeB
5.3 Guard Band Requirement: LTE-FDD vs GSM/UMTS
5.4 GuardBand Requirement: LTE FDD vs LTE TDD
5.5 Spectrum Refarming for LTE
5.5.1 Summary
5.5.2 GSM Spectrum Refarming
5.5.3 Introduction of Buffer Zone
5.6 Radio Access Technologies Co-location Strategies
5.6.1 Overview
5.6.2 GSM-LTE Co-Location Examples
5.6.3 LTE TDD and WiMAX Systems Co-Location
6 LTE Access Network Capacity Planning
6.1 Defnition of Capacity
6.2 3GPP Services Classifcation
6.3 EUTRAN Capacity Limiting Factors
6.3.1 Operating Frequency Band
6.3.2 RF coverage - RSRP
6.3.3 Impact of Interference on Capacity
6.3.4 Signal Interference Noise Ratio and Adaptive Coding
6.3.5 Radio (Transmitter) Power Availability
6.3.6 Spectrum Bandwidth Availability
6.3.7 Base Band Channel Card Processing Capacity
6.3.8 S1/X2 Capacity
6.3.9 Application of Special Antenna Technologies (MIMO/BF/V MIMO)
6.3.14 Time Slot Allocation for Uplink and Downlink – TDD specifc
6.4 S1 Bandwidth Dimensioning Procedure
6.3.15 Cyclical Prefx Allocation
6.5 X2 Bandwidth Dimensioning Procedure
6.6 Impact of Latency of X2 on Cell Throughput
6.7 Inter Radio Access Technology Handover Considerations
7 U-Net Simulation and Operation
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Simulation Process
Simulation Process
7.4.3 Properties of Clutter Class
7.5 Equipment Parameter
7.5.1 Overview
7.5.2 Network Settings
7.5.3 Equipment
7.5.4 Site, Cell and Transmitter Listing
7.5.5 Viewing “Hidden” Parameters
7.5.6 Propagation Model Selection
7.6.1 Power Setting
7.6.2 Load Setting
7.6.3 Frequency Planning
7.6.4 Scheduling Parameters
7.6.5 Antenna Property
7.6.6 Properties of a Single Transmitter
7.6.7 Properties of a eNodeB Template
7.7 LTE Traffc Model Parameters
7.7.1 Overview
7.7.2 Environments
7.7.3 User Profles
7.7.4 Terminals
7.7.5 Mobility Types
7.7.6 Services
7.7.7 Traffc Map
7.8 Prediction and Simulation
7.8.1 Predictions
7.8.2 Simulation
7.9 Point Analysis Tool
7.9.1 Profle
7.9.3 Signal Analysis
7.9.4 Result
7.10 RF Cell Planning Optimization
7.11 U-Net Planning Case
7.11.1 Overview of Planning Area
7.11.2 Site Distribution
7.11.3 Parameter Confguration and General Assumption
7.11.4 Network Coverage Predictions
7.11.5 Network Capacity Simulation
8 LTE Network Key Performance Indicators
8.1 KPI Measurement Methodology
8.2 KPI Acceptance Procedure
8.3 Service KPIs and Network KPIs
8.4 Cluster and Test Route
8.5 Proposed Key Performance Indicators
8.6 Proposed KPIs for Final Acceptance (Stability Acceptance, Optional)
9 Network Planning Checklist
9.1 Introduction
9.2 Checklist Items Consideration
9.2.1 Understanding Customer Spectrum Bandwidth Availability
9.2.2 Actual Frequency Band Allocation for LTE
9.2.3 Frequency Band Refarming Requirement for LTE
9.2.4 Location of Customer Coverage Requirement
9.2.5 Highway and Tunnel Coverage Requirement
9.2.6 Evaluate Existing Network Condition for InterRAT
9.2.7 Terrain and Clutter Database Availability and Accuracy
9.2.8 Scheduler Selection
9.2.9 Indoor Coverage Requirement
9.2.10 Cell Edge Throughput Requirement
9.2.11 Call Model and SmartPhone Penetration Growth Considerations
9.2.12 Base Station Antenna and Other Co-siting Equipment Selection
9.2.13 Interference Protection and Isolation Requirement
9.2.14 Radio Related Equipment Selection
9.2.15 Network and Spectrum Evolution Consideration
9.2.16 MIMO and Beam Forming Implementation
9.2.17 Cyclic Prefx Planning
9.2.18 Understanding of Current Transmission Backhaul Network Capability
9.2.19 UE Distribution and Channel Model : Pedestrian vs High Mobility
9.2.20 TDD Specifc Uplink and Downlink Confguration
9.2.21 Power Boosting Confguration
10 Appendix: RF Antenna Systems
10.1 Overview
10.2 Antenna Classifcation
10.2.1 Frequency
10.2.2 Directivity
10.3 Main Specifcations of Antenna
10.3.1 Work Band
10.3.2 Antenna Gain
10.3.3 Antenna Pattern
10.3.4 Beamwidth
10.3.5 Relation between Beamwidth and Gain
10.3.6 Front-to-rear Ratio
10.3.7 Upper Side Lobe Suppression
10.3.8 Polarization Mode
10.3.9 Down Tilt
10.3.10 VSWR (Voltage Standing Wave Ratio)
10.3.11 Port Isolation
10.3.12 Power Capacity
10.3.13 Input Port of Antenna
10.3.14 Passive Intermodulation (PIM)
10.3.15 Dimensions and Weight of Antenna
10.3.16 Wind Load
10.3.17 Work Temperature and Humidity
10.3.18 Lightning Protection
10.3.19 Three-proof Capability
10.3.20 Camoufaged Antenna Scheme for Sites
10.3.21 Customized Camoufage
10.3.22 Outlook Camoufage
10.3.23 Antenna Camoufage in Special Environment
11 References
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Huawei LTE Planning

Huawei LTE Planning

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Published by Believer

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Published by: Believer on Jan 23, 2013
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