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Light within me

Light within me

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Published by Showzib Rizvi
Islamic History book
Islamic History book

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Published by: Showzib Rizvi on Jan 23, 2013
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08/16/2013

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Light Within Me
Ayatullah Murtada Mutahhari - XKP
Published:
2012
Categorie(s):
Non-Fiction, Biography & autobiography, Personal Mem-oirs, Education and Study aids, Family & relationships, Philosophy,Mind & Body, Religious, Psychology, Experimental Psychology, Reli-gion, Islam
Tag(s):
Shaheed Murtada Mutahhari Allamah Muhammad HusaynTabatabai Ayatullah Ruhullah Khumayni light shia imam xkp ali alienkhomeini spiritual God irfan
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Chapter 
1
Preface - Allamah Husayn Tabatabai
Allamah Muhammad Husayn TabatabaiAlthough most people are preoccupied with earning their livelihood andpay little attention to spiritual matters, yet every man has an inherent de-sire to know the absolute truth. When this dormant power comes to sur-face and is awakened in some people, they gain a number of spiritualperceptions.Despite the claim of the sophists and the atheists that every truth is an il-lusion, everybody believes in the existence of one eternal truth. Whenman with a pure heart and a pure spirit looks at the permanent factualityof the universe and at the same time observes the instability and transi-ence of its various parts, he realizes that this world and its manifesta-tions are a mirror which reflects the existence of one eternal truth. Withthis realization his joy knows no bounds and he is so elated that in hiseyes everything else becomes insignificant and worthless.This spectacle forms the basis of that impulse of the gnostics1 whichdraws the attention of the godly people to a world beyond perceptionand cultivates the love of Allah in their hearts. The pull which they feeltowards this spectacle makes them forget everything and removes manydesires from their hearts. This pull leads man to the worship of the Invis-ible Being who is more manifest than all that is visible or audible. It isthis pull which gave birth to many a religion based on Allah's worship.The real gnostic is he who worships Allah not, because he hopes for anyreward or is afraid of any punishment, but only because he knows Himand loves Him.2It is clear from the above that gnosis is not a religion like other religions.It is to be regarded as the central and the most vital part of all religions.Gnosis is a perfect way of worship, based on love, not on fear or hope. Itis a way of understanding the inner facts of religion instead of being con-tented with its outward and perceptible form. Among the followers of all
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revealed religions, even among those who believe in idol-worship thereare individuals who follow the path of gnosis. The gnostics are foundamong the followers of polytheistic religions3 as well as among the Jews,Christians, Zoroastrians and Muslims.Appearance of Gnosis in IslamOut of the companions of the Holy Prophet Imam Ali is known for theeloquent description of gnostic truths and the stages of spiritual life. Hissayings on this subject are a treasure of knowledge. As for the other com-panions of the Holy Prophet, their sayings which have come down to usdo not contain enough material on this subject. The majority of the mys-tics and gnostics, whether Sunni or Shi'ah consider the chain of theirspiritual leaders going to Imam Ali through such companions of his asSalman Farsi, Uways Qarani, Kumayl bin Ziyad, Rashid Hujari, MithamTammar, Rabi’ bin Khaytham and Hasan Basri.Next to this group some other persons like Taus Yamani, Shayban Ra'i,Malik ibn Dinar, Ibrahim bin Adham and Sharif Balkhi appeared in thesecond century, They were considered holy men by the people. Thesepersons were apparently ascetics. They did not talk openly of gnosis ormysticism, though they conceded that they were introduced to spiritual-ism by the first group and trained by it.Towards the end of the second century and the beginning of the thirdsome other individuals like Bayazid Bistami, Ma'ruf Karkhi and JunaydBaghdadi appeared. They openly talked of gnosis. Some of their esotericsayings based on their spiritual intuition were apparently so obnoxiousthat they were strongly denounced and condemned by some jurists andtheologians. Consequently several of these gnostics were imprisoned andflogged and a few of them were even put to death.4 Nevertheless thisgroup continued to flourish and maintained its activities despite all op-position. Thus the development of gnosis or mysticism continued till thissystem reached the zenith of its popularity and expansion in the seventhand the eighth centuries. During the later periods its popularity fluctu-ated from time to time, but it has been able to maintain its existence inthe Islamic world till today.It appears that most of the mystic leaders whose names are found in bio-graphies and memoirs belonged to the Sunni school of thought and thecurrent Sufi system that comprises some ceremonials and rituals not con-sistent with the teachings of the Qur'an and Sunnah, is the heritage trans-mitted by these gnostics and mystics, although their system has sub-sequently adopted a few Shi'ah rites also.Some spiritual leaders hold that no mystic or gnostic system or
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