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UN Politically Speaking

UN Politically Speaking

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Published by Mate Nikolova
Fall 2012
Fall 2012

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Mate Nikolova on Jan 23, 2013
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Bulletin of the United NationsDepartment of Political Affairs
Fall 2012
www.un.org/depts/dpa
T
he United Nationsassisted Libya as itheld, on 7 July, itsrst ree electionin 47 years: a historic andemotional achievement tobe celebrated, even as many challenges remain on thecountry’s horizon. The nationwide balloting to elect a Libyan NationalCongress was a key step inthe country’s transition romdictatorship to democracy ater a popular revolutionswept away last year the bru-tal dictatorship o MoammarGadha. It was all the moreimpressive given the absenceo any electoral machinery or experi-ence, and the short period since theend o the ghting.“No one should underestimate what has been achieved,” said IanMartin, the Special Representative o the Secretary-General or Libya andHead o the UN Support Mission inLibya, which is assisting the country throughout its post-war transition.“Libyans have had the opportunity to choose their own representativesreely in a credible election,ullling one o their revolution’smain goals,” Martin said. “This hasbeen made possible thanks to theresolve o the interim authorities,the relentless eorts o electoralocials, and, above all, thedetermination o the people.”
INSIDE THIS ISSUE
Supporting liby’slndmrk Eections
    1
Messge rom the Under-Secretry-Gener
     2
liby: Interview with SpeciRepresenttive In Mrtin
6
Syri: Pecemking inTrnsition
          10
Crisis in Mi: Interviewwith the UN’s Envoy orWest aric
        12
Btting the lord’s Resistncearmy
           16
UN Report Incudes NewGuidnce or Meditors
 18
Cmp ashr: Promoting Peceu Resoution
22
Somi Beyond theRodmp
        24
Encourging Mynmr’sDemocrtic Reorms
   26
The United NtionsCounter-TerrorismCentre
           29
OECD listing OpensNew Windowor DPa Donors
      30
activities nd Events
 32
JErEy ElTmaN, UNDEr-SEcrETary-GENEralor PolITIcal aaIrS
Page 2
continued on page 4
lIBya
lib’s lndk Eetinsnd Bend
Celebrations in the eastern Libyan city o Benghazi ater the July 2012 elections.
 U N S  M I   L  P  h   o t   o , I   a s  o n A  t   h   a n a s  i   a d  i   s 
 
Bigph  Jee etnUnde-Seet-Gene  Piti ais
Mr Fetmn, who recenty served s US assistnt Secretry o Stte orNer Estern airs with the rnk o Creer Minister, brings to theposition over 26 yers o poitic nd dipomtic experience within theUnited Sttes Foreign Service, mosty hnding Estern Europen ndMidde Estern irsMr Fetmn served s United Sttes ambssdor to the Repubico lebnon unti 2008, previousy heding the Coition Provisionauthority’s oce in the Irbi province o Irq, cting simutneousy sDeputy Region CoordintorHe served unti 2003 s acting PrincipOcer t the United Sttes Consute-Gener in Jerusem nd unti2001 s the ambssdor’s Speci assistnt on Pece Process issues inthe United Sttes Embssy o Te aviv Prior to this, he ws Chie o thePoitic nd Economic Section t the United Sttes Embssy in Tunisiter hving covered economic issues in the Gz strip unti 1998 t theUnited Sttes Embssy in Te avivMr Fetmn served unti 1993 in the Oce o Deputy SecretryEgeburger s Speci assistnt coordinting United Sttes ssistnce tocountries o Estern nd Centr Europe, nd cted s economic ocert the United Sttes Embssy in Hungry ti 1991, ter competing hisposting s  consur ocer in Port-u-Prince, HitiMr Fetmn who speks arbic, French nd Hungrin received hisBcheor’s degree in history nd ne rts rom B Stte University ndhis Mster’s degree in lw nd Dipomcy rom the Fetcher Schoo olw nd Dipomcy t Tuts UniversityBorn in 1959, Mr Fetmn is mrried
Buetin o the United Ntions Deprtment o Poitic airs
23
Poiticy Speking / F 2012
ee t USGlnn Pse:
B lynn Pscoe’s distin-guished stewrdship o DPaduring more thn ve yerss the Under-Secretry-Gener or Poitic airsws ceebrted t  27June rewe ceremonyttended by Secretry-Gener Bn Ki-moon, DPast nd coegues romround the UN systemwho cme to express theirpprecition nd bestwishes The Secretry-Gener, in his remrks,prised B lynn Pscoe’sedership, wise councind principed commitmentto the United Ntions
The ormer Under-Secretary-General or Political Aairs, B. Lynn Pascoe, speaking athis arewell party in June 2012. Pascoe led the Department rom 2007 to mid-2012.
 U N P  h   o t   o
 A
s a student o interna-tional aairs many yearsago, I was inspired by theideals expressed in theUN Charter. It is a real honor orme now to have been selected tohead the Department o Political Aairs (DPA). I am grateul orthe condence o the Secretary-General. I want to underscoreto this readership my commit-ment to using the resources o this Department to promote theSecretary-General’s objectives andto work with Member States toaddress the challenges o peaceand security globally.DPA’s responsibilities in work-ing to prevent and resolve deadly confict are truly ar-reaching andcomplex, as I have seen in my rst months in the job. I hopethat, with this issue, readers willappreciate the scope o the UN’speace and security eorts aroundthe world. From the UN’s diplo-matic eorts in Syria to its preven-tive diplomacy in Iraq, its work to stabilize Somalia and shoreup democracy in West Arica, itscoordinating role in countering the Lord’s Resistance Army inCentral Arica, and its expanding contributions in mediation andcounter-terrorism, DPA, in closepartnership with other parts o theUN amily, is working in these andmany other challenging environ-ments to employ political means inthe pursuit o peace.Please allow me to salute my predecessor, Lynn Pascoe. Lynnconcentrated on how best to apply the talents and experience in DPA.I am ortunate to have arrived atDPA at a time o important trans-ormations that should enhanceour ability to respond rapidly to cri-ses. These include the proession-alization o our mediation eorts,our improved support to politicalmissions in the eld, our growing partnerships with regional organiza-tions, our assistance to the Security Council and other UN bodies, andour continued emphasis on provid-ing top-notch electoral assistance. As was the case under Lynn’s ten-ure, we are ocused on results andcommitted to transparency. I amgrateul to many Member Statesor this support o DPA.DPA will keep working in theseimportant directions. We willcount on the continued support o Member States, civil society andall who have a stake in the successo the UN’s initiatives in peace-making and confict prevention.Only by joining together in this way can we hope to live up to theexpectations o people around the world and the ever-inspiring idealso the UN charter.Sincerely, Jerey Feltman
Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs
NEw lEaDErSHIP IN DPa
messge  theUnde-Seet-Gene Piti ais
 D P  A  P  h   o t   o
 Jerey Feltman assumed his post asUnder-Secretary-General or Political Aairs in July 2012.UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon congratulates Under-Secretary-General Feltman at his swearing-in ceremony.
 U N P  h   o t   o
 
Bulletin of the United Nations Department of Political Affairs
45
Politically Speaking / Fall 2012
UN aSSISTaNcE
 The UN’s engagement in Libya isguided by the principle o nationalownership: Libyans carried outtheir revolution and Libyans shouldnow determine their own uture. Through a team o electoraladvisors, the United Nations worked closely with Libya’s inde-pendent High National ElectionCommission, oering technicalexpertise to ensure a credibleelectoral process. Meanwhile,UNSMIL’s police advisors embed-ded within the Ministry o theInterior assisted the Libyans witha security plan or the elections.Registration o voters and can-didates went smoothly, with morethan 2.8 million o an estimated3.4 million votersanswering the call toregister. More than3,700 candidates reg-istered, running eitheras individuals or onlists o the numerousnewly created politicalentities. More than600 o the candidates were women, marking an unprec-edented level o women’s participa-tion. Training took place across thecountry or Libyan ocials tasked with managing the balloting.Election turnout exceeded 60percent in polling, demonstrating Libyans’ determination to hold theelection despite security incidentsand tensions in the run-up to the vote, particularly in the easternpart o the country.
NExT STEPSor lIBya
Libya’s elections setthe stage or the nextsteps on the country’sroad to democracy. A National Congressimbued with popular legitimacy  was installled in early August. Itis called upon to appoint a new government. A commission willdrat a new constitution to be putto a popular reerendum, probably in early 2013, to be ollowed by another election or a legislative
Girls wave and ash victory signs at a passing helicopter during a June 2012 military parade in the western city o Zawiya, held tomark the anniversary o last year’s uprising.
UNSMIL Photo, Iason Athanasiadis
lib’s eetins setthe stge  thenet steps n theunt’s d tde.
body, which will be Libya’s rstull parliament in hal a century.UN eorts to support theconstitution-making process andto ensure a coordinated approachby the international community are underway.
armS, SEcUrITy aNDHUmaN rIGHTS
 The UN mission is providing sup-port in other key areas o Libya’stransition.UNSMIL will continue, orexample, to provide expert adviceto the police and the military onhow to build a sustainable secu-rity structure while integrating ormer revolutionaries. The UN will also continue assisting au-thorities in other priority areasidentied by the Libyans. Theseinclude human rights protection,transitional justice and the rule o law; the sae storage and controlo the large amounts o weaponsin the country; and countering arms prolieration and controlling Libya’s borders. The UN will alsocontinue to encourage the par-ticipation o Libyan women in allnational eorts.Libya’s recovery aces numer-ous challenges, particularly localconficts and security incidents ina nation still awash in weapons.Ethnic and regional dierenceslet unaddressed and oten exacer-bated by the previous regime haveresuraced. In some areas tensionshave erupted into ghting. That Libyans are going or- ward, despite these diculties,is in itsel an encouraging signthat they are committed to seeing democracy prevail. The United Nations will remainengaged to help Libyans buildon the progress made and ulltheir aspirations or a democratic,stable and prosperous state.
Vides  lib
ltest videos produced by theUN’s poitic mission in liby:
http://ow.ly/ctoXY 
 All photos: UNSMIL Photo, Iason Athanasiadis
continued from page 1
Top left:
 Women participated stronglyin Libya’s elections.
Right:
Libyan security orces in theeastern city o Ajdabiya played animportant part in securing a peaceulelectoral period.
Far right:
SA Libyan woman showsher fnger marked with black ink ater  she cast her ballot in the landmarkelections on 7 July 2012.

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