A co-publisher o the Kū‘ēPetitions, Nālani Minton.Minton is the director o the‘Ike Ao Pono program at theUH School o Nursing,helping graduate more than150 native Hawaiian nurses.
With the return o the petitions, Minton writes, “The names o many unknown and orgotten heroes wererecovered. Not only the prominent organizers o the petition process, such as Joseph Nawahi, Emma AimaNawahi, Kuaihelani Campbell and other leaders … but also every person who signed the petitions, whosedescendants now know and have proo o their great eforts and heroism. Many extraordinary events havetaken place since their return and many tears have been wept by descendants who have seen the signa-tures o their loved ones, perhaps or the rst time, and o others they never knew who tried to protecttheir destiny and ours. From the groupings o the signers on every island, we also now have a map o wherepeople were living and, sometimes, how they were related.”
REPUBLISHING THE DOCUMENTS
inton and Silva compiled the documents in a book orm,
The Hui Aloha ‘Āina Anti-Annexation Peti-tions
, 1897-1898. It’s viewable online at the UHM library site.The petitions also became available in an island-by-island ormat, via a company specializing in Ha-waiian Kingdom-era books, Pae ‘Āina. It made purchasing sections—such as only Maui, or O‘ahu—more accessible, according to Nai‘a Lewis, whose amily ran the company. While response to thebooks was very positive, she says via an email interview, “It was very challenging to reprint historical docu-ments. It’s not like you can easily have mass [amounts] bound in a cost-efective way. … We remain hopeulthat one day we are able to provide these reprints again, but or now we are being patient and waiting tosee what the uture holds.”
PHOTO BY AARON K. YOSHINO
A treaty o annexa-tion is signed betweenMcKinley and threerepresentatives o theRepublic o Hawai‘iand presented to theSenate to be ratied.Queen Lili‘uokalani lesa diplomatic protest.Hoping to stopthe annexation, theHui Aloha ‘Āina andHui Kālai‘āina conductmassive petition drives.Delegates arrive inWashington, D.C., withthe 556 pages o petitionsignatures, which weregiven to the SenateDec. 9. Ultimately, onlythe Hui Aloha ‘Āina ver-sion o the petition waspresented, because theHawaiian groups did notwish to appear dividedin their goals. Over thenext two months, thedelegates convince mostsenators not to vote orannexation, successullydeeating the treaty.The U.S. declares war onSpain, and wants Hawai‘ias a naval and troopbase to ght the Spanishin the Philippines andon Guam. By July, the“Newlands Resolution”unilaterally annexesHawai‘i.
Many extraordinary events havetaken place since their return
andmany tears have been wept by descen-dants who have seen the signatures o their loved ones, perhaps or the frsttime, and o others they never knew whotried to protect their destiny and ours.
The historical signicance o signing apetition is not lost on Clyde Namu‘o,executive director o the Native HawaiianRoll Commission. Hawai‘i’s Act 195 o 2011acknowledged Hawaiians as the state’s only indigenous people, and required that acertied roll o Hawaiians be taken.“As the commission began to deliberate,this seemed very exclusive,” says Namu‘o.“Gov. Waihe‘e talked about the Kū‘ē Petitionsand how the people who signed that werenot necessarily Hawaiians, but it providedthem an opportunity to provide support. We wanted to re-create that situation here, where we satisy the provisions o Act 195 but also use the opportunity to build unity among all people o Hawai‘i.”The commission decided on a two-partsolution. For people who want to support what Hawaiians are doing and not interestedin helping orm a government, they can signa petition, whether they are Hawaiian or not,supporting the idea that the sovereignty o the Hawaiians was never relinquished.The second part is a roll o Hawaiians whomeet certain requirements, set out by Act 195:1. Be an individual who is a descendant o theaboriginal peoples who, prior to 1778, occu-pied and exercised sovereignty in the Hawai-ian Islands, the area that now constitutes thestate o Hawai‘i; or an individual who is oneo the indigenous, native people o Hawai‘iand who was eligible in 1921 or the programsauthorized by the Hawaiian Homes Commis-sion Act, 1920, or a direct lineal descendanto that individual;2. Maintain a signicant cultural, social orcivic connection to the Native Hawaiiancommunity;3. Wish to participate in the organization o the Native Hawaiian governing entity; and4. Must be 18 years o age or older.To get on that list, people must ll out anenrollment orm, a process slated to kick o the third week o July and run or 12 months,says Namu‘o. “We will turn over whatever we have and whatever has been conrmedas part o this list to the Gov. Abercrombie.”People can sign up in person at outreachevents, or online. “Our strategy is to getas many sponsors as possible, such as theOfce o Hawaiian Aairs and KamehamehaSchools,” he says, both or outreach and oreasier verication o people who have already proven their ancestry.Documents that are acceptable proo o an-cestry include birth certicates, death certi-cates, baptismal certicates, church records,entries in Bibles and personal afdavits.The list and petition will both be turnedover to the governor. “Ater that, it’s up tothe Native Hawaiian community to takethis to the next stage,” says Namu‘o. “Mostpeople would agree that it’s to have a consti-tutional convention and elect delegatesto attend the convention.”
THE NATIVE HAWAIIAN
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