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Joint Task Force on Education Funding Final Report

Joint Task Force on Education Funding Final Report

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Final recommendations on education spending and funding sources issued Dec. 31, 2012, by the Joint Task Force on Education Funding, appointed by the Washington State Legislature.
Final recommendations on education spending and funding sources issued Dec. 31, 2012, by the Joint Task Force on Education Funding, appointed by the Washington State Legislature.

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04/09/2014

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Joint Task Force onEducation FundingFinal Report
 
December 2012
 
The Joint Task Force on Education Funding was created by the 2012 Washington StateLegislature and assigned the task of developing a proposal for a reliable and dependablefunding mechanism to support basic education programs.
 
 Joint Task Force on Education Funding Final Report 
 
 
 Background
1 
Joint Task Force onEducation Funding
Final Report
December 2012
Background 
In the 2009-11 biennium, two major pieces of legislationwere enacted to redefine basic education and restructureK-12 funding formulas. The first was ESHB 2261 (Chapter548, Laws of 2009) which added programs to the definitionof basic education
including the program for highlycapable students and phasing in all-day kindergarten. Itincreased the number of instructional hours, increased theminimum number of credits for high school graduation,and changed the system for funding studenttransportation. The bill also created the framework for anew K-12 funding allocation formula based onprototypical schools. Changes took effect September 1,2011 and most enhancements are to be phased in by 2018on a schedule to be set by the Legislature.The second bill, SHB 2776 (Chapter 236, Laws of 2010)enacted in statute the funding formulas for the newprototypical schools format at levels that represented whatthe state was spending on basic education at the time. Itset targets for class-size reduction in the lower grades andestablished a timeline for phasing in certain enhancementsto the program of basic education and the new fundinglevels.In January 2012, in its ruling on
 McCleary v. Washington
 ,the Supreme Court held that the state has not compliedwith its Article IX, section 1 constitutional duty to makeample provision for the basic education of all children inWashington. This constitutional provision states: "It is the
Members
 
 
 
Jeff Vincent,
Chair 
 
CEO and President, Laird NortonCompany, LLC; and Chair, WashingtonState Board of Education; Governor Appointee
Dr. Susan Enfield,
Vice-Chair 
Superintendent, Highline SchoolDistrict; Governor Appointee
Senator Lisa Brown
Senate Democratic Caucus Appointee
Senator Joe Fain
Senate Republican Caucus Appointee
Senator David Frockt
Senate Democratic Caucus Appointee
Senator Steve Litzow
Senate Republican Caucus Appointee
Representative Gary Alexander
House Republican Caucus Appointee
Representative Susan Fagan
House Republican Caucus Appointee
Representative Marcie Maxwell
House Democratic Caucus Appointee
Representative Pat Sullivan
House Democratic Caucus Appointee
Mary Lindquist
President, Washington Education Association; Governor Appointee
 Alternates:
Senator Christine RolfesRepresentative Cathy DahlquistRepresentative Ross HunterRepresentative Kristine Lytton
 
 Joint Task Force on Education Funding Final Report 
 
 
 Process
2 paramount duty of the state to make ample provision for the education of all children residing withinits borders, without distinction or preference on account of race, color, caste, or sex." The court didacknowledge the recent enactment of "promising" reforms under Chapter 548, Laws of 2009, andacknowledged current progress toward implementing those reforms. The Court also noted that, if fullyfunded, the reform package will remedy deficiencies in the K-12 funding system. The Court retained jurisdiction to help "facilitate progress" in the state's plan to fully implement the reforms by 2018.The Washington State Legislature subsequently enacted House Bill 2824 (Chapter 10, Laws of 2012 1stSpecial Session), creating the Joint Task Force on Education Funding (JTFEF).
 Assignment 
In HB 2824, the Legislature assigned the JTFEF the task of developing a proposal for a reliable anddependable funding mechanism to support basic education programs. The legislation states theproposal must, at a minimum, support full implementation of the programmatic enhancementsrequired in ESHB 2261 (Chapter 548, Laws of 2009) and SHB 2776 (Chapter 236, Laws of 2010),including full-day kindergarten; reduced K-3 class size; increased allocations for maintenance, supplies,and operating costs; and a new pupil transportation formula.The legislation further states the JTFEF may recommend multiple options but must recommend onepreferred alternative and provide an outline of necessary implementing legislation. If the preferredalternative is to fully fund the program of basic education with no new revenues, the Task Force mustidentify what areas already in the state budget would be eliminated or reduced.Finally, the Legislature directed the JTFEF to consider the specific recommendations for theTransitional Bilingual Instructional Program (TBIP) from the Quality Education Council to theLegislature dated January 6, 2012. The Task Force is to recommend whether the Legislature shouldimplement a scaled funding formula based on level of student English language proficiency and asupplemental allocation for students exiting the program.
Process
The Task Force members developed a framework by which to approach the assignment. First, the taskforce received detailed briefings on K-12 programs and finance, state revenues, the state operating budget and other items.
1
 The group then discussed the phase-in schedule for the four program enhancements for which SHB2776 set implementation deadlines
whether to ramp up to full implementation in a linear fashion, or
1
All meeting agendas and materials can be accessed at the JTFEF website at:http://www.leg.wa.gov/JointCommittees/EFTF/Pages/Meetings.aspx 

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