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Women Entrepreneurs in Kenya & Factors affecting Women Entrepreneurs in Micro and Small Enterprises in Kenya

Women Entrepreneurs in Kenya & Factors affecting Women Entrepreneurs in Micro and Small Enterprises in Kenya

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Published by Craft Afrika
An ILO report that focuses on women entrepreneurs in Kenya and the inherent challenges
An ILO report that focuses on women entrepreneurs in Kenya and the inherent challenges

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Craft Afrika on Jan 23, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Small Enterprise ProgrammeJob Creation and Enterprise Development DepartmentInternational Labour Office - GenevaSkills and Employability DepartmentInternational Labour Office - GenevaILO Regional Office for AfricaAddis Ababa, Ethiopia
APreliminary ReportAPrimary Research Report
Women Entrepreneurs in Kenya
Factors affecting Women Entrepreneursin Micro and Small Enterprises in Kenya
Copyright © International Labour Organization 2008First published 2008Publications of the International Labour Office enjoy copyright under Protocol 2 of the Universal CopyrightConvention. Nevertheless, short excerpts from them may be reproduced without authorization, on conditionthat the source is indicated. For rights of reproduction or translation, application should be made to ILOPublications (Rights and Permissions), International Labour Office, CH-1211 Geneva 22, Switzerland, or byemail: pubdroit@ilo.org. The International Labour Office welcomes such applications.ILO Cataloguing in Publication DataWomen entrepreneurs in Kenya/International Labour Office, Programme on Boosting Employment throughSmall Enterprise Development, Job Creation and Enterprise Development Department, Skills andEmployability Department, ILO Regional Office for Africa - Geneva: ILO, 20081 v.ISBN: 9789221204800;9789221204817 (web pdf);9789221204824 (CD-ROM)International Labour Officewoman worker / entrepreneur / entrepreneurship / Kenya14.04.2The designations employed in ILO publications, which are in conformity with United Nations practice, and thepresentation of material therein do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of theInternational Labour Office concerning the legal status of any country, area or territory or of its authorities, orconcerning the delimitation of its frontiers.The responsibility for opinions expressed in signed articles, studies and other contributions rests solely withtheir authors, and publication does not constitute an endorsement by the International Labour Office of theopinions expressed in them.Reference to names of firms and commercial products and processes does not imply their endorsement by theInternational Labour Office, and any failure to mention a particular firm, commercial product or process is nota sign of disapproval.ILO publications can be obtained through major booksellers or ILO local offices in many countries, or directfrom ILO Publications, International Labour Office, CH-1211 Geneva 22, Switzerland. Catalogues or lists ofnew publications are available free of charge from the above address, or by email: pubvente@ilo.orgVisit our website: www.ilo.org/publnsPrinted in Ethiopia
Women Entrepreneurs in Kenya 
This report has been prepared as part of an Irish-Aid Funded Partnership Programme which,between 2002-2004 worked to promote women's entrepreneurship and gender equality (WEDGE) inEthiopia, United Republic of Tanzania and Zambia. The second phase of (2005-2008) WEDGEexpanded geographically to include Kenya and Uganda and technically to mainstream women withdisabilities in WEDGE activities (DEWD).The report combines the expertise of the ILO's Small Enterprise Programme (SEED) and the Skillsand Employability (SKILLS) Department to emphasize developing the knowledge base on womenentrepreneurs (with and without disabilities) so as to accurately inform strategic interventions inimproving advocacy and support services.Consequently, considerable attention is given to identifying the characteristics, features, aspirations,motivations, needs and wants of women entrepreneurs in Kenya, using a unique 360° approach,(see Appendix 2) with the intention of formulating recommendations for strategic supportinterventions to improve advocacy and access to services. The report also gives a unique insight intowomen entrepreneurs with disabilities in Kenya.This report contributes to the existing body of knowledge on the afore-mentioned aspects relating toenterprise development in Kenya; it also contributes to the ILO's Decent Work Agenda, as well ascontributing to the ILO's follow up to the Ouagadougou Summit on Employment and PovertyAlleviation in Africa. The emphasis on women's entrepreneurship development is also highly relevantto the implementation of the Kenyan Small and Medium Enterprises Act and the upcoming review ofthe Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper.As a result of this review of the existing literature, the Kenyan national research team, the KenyaInstitute of Management has identified and focused on several critical issues that were investigatedfurther during the subsequent field research stage. This report combines an initial desk researchphase and a resulting primary research phase.Based on the secondary research, major questions emerged to guide the field research: What arethe key factors (for example: economic, socio-cultural, legal and regulatory, political, educational andpsychological) that affect women with and without disabilities, in small enterprises in the Kenyancontext? To what extent have the services of BDS providers been accessible, relevant, effective andefficient in relation to the needs of women entrepreneurs? And what interventions are required toeffectively assist women entrepreneurs, in particular women entrepreneurs with disabilities indeveloping and growing their businesses?
Christine Evans-Klock
DirectorSkills and Employability Department
Martin Clemensson
Programme ManagerSmall Enterprise Programme
Alexio Musindo
DirectorILO Office for East AfricaDar es Salaam

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