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Criminal Justice Reference: 189089

Criminal Justice Reference: 189089

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Published by: DOJ on Jan 22, 2008
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The author(s) shown below used Federal funds provided by the U.S.Department of Justice and prepared the following final report:Document Title: Sentencing and Corrections in the 21st Century:Setting the Stage for the FutureAuthor(s): Doris L. MackenzieDocument No.: 189089Date Received: 11/30/2001Award Number: 96-SC-LX-0001This report has not been published by the U.S. Department of Justice.To provide better customer service, NCJRS has made this Federally-funded grant final report available electronically in addition totraditional paper copies.
 
Opinions or points of view expressed are thoseof the author(s) and do not necessarily reflectthe official position or policies of the U.S.Department of Justice.
 
 
Sentencing and Correctionsin the
21st
Century:Setting the Stage for the Future
Doris Layton MackenzieDirector and ProfessorEvaluation Research GroupDepartment of Criminology and Criminal JusticeUniversity of MarylandCollege Park, MDJuly
2001
This document is a research report submitted to the U.S. Department of Justice. This report hasnot been published by the Department. Opinions or points of view expressed are those of theauthor(s) and do not necessarily reflect the official position or policies of the U.S. Department ofJustice.
 
Contents
Growth
of
Correctional Populations
...............................................
1
Differencesamong States
......................................................
3
Race. ethnicity. andgender
.....................................................
3
Correctional expenditures
......................................................
5
From Indeterminacy to Crime Control
.............................................
6
The age
of
indeterminate sentencing and rehabilitation
.................................
6
.....................................
9
Crime control: Incapacitation and deterrence
........................................
9Atimeofchange:197&2000
..................................................
7The justice model
of
sentencing and corrections
Changes in Crime Rates
.......................................................
13
Factors Accounting for the
Growth
in the Incarceration Rate
.........................
14
Community supervision
and
revocations
..........................................
16
ImpactoftheChanges
........................................................
17
Structured sentencing
........................................................
17Mandatory sentences
........................................................
18
Three-strikes
laws
..........................................................
19
Parolerelease
.............................................................
19
prisoncrowding
............................................................
20
Behavioral,
cultural,
and
social
changes
impinging
on corrections
.......................
-21
Decisionmaking
............................................................
20
Examining the Effectiveness of Different Strategies
................................
21
Incapacitation
and
deterrence
..................................................
21Controversy over costs
......................................................
23
Intermediatesanctions
.......................................................
24
Rehabilitation:
What
works
in
corrections?
........................................
25
Intended and Unintended Consequences
..........................................
29
Risk
management and the new
penology
..........................................
29
Minoritypopulatio
ns
.........................................................
30
1
This document is a research report submitted to the U.S. Department of Justice. This report hasnot been published by the Department. Opinions or points of view expressed are those of theauthor(s) and do not necessarily reflect the official position or policies of the U.S. Department ofJustice.

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