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Osprey,.Men at Arms. 372.Colonial.american.troops.(2).(2003).OCR.8.12[1]

Osprey,.Men at Arms. 372.Colonial.american.troops.(2).(2003).OCR.8.12[1]

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Colonial
Troops
1610-17
4(2)
 
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(Q().IOSOl107101.7IS.321
Author's
Note
The
hrstOfY
IU1d
oeveIopment
ot
the
North
Amencan
colonies
wasmost
vaned
Some
were
not
In'hally
Bnbsh:
$OfTIlI
were
founded
by
dilterentrel90US
groups,
while
Olhets
attractedmen
who
sought
Land
and
ncheI.
The
IYQIutIOl1
of
lheor
mlhuwy
lflSllllltlOnS
was
therefoN;
quole
vaned.
reflec111"iQ
the
l.et
thaI
$OfTIlI
WMl
under
consl.atll
threat
!rom
Amencan
Indoan.
French
or
Spar1I!lh
enemI85
whole
othefs
~
I'\Ot
F_
royalln:fOP$
w-.
poIStKl
10
or
raosed
WI
the
coIcnes
blIfore
the
11'IId-18th
centUIYconsequently
the
coIonoats
had
10
~ e
theor
own
defense
II
~
~
to
s.urvrvtl.
Artlst's
Note
~
maycare
10
note
that
the
ongnIl
paontIrIgS
!rom
whd'l
the
color
plates
In
ItlIS
bOOk
w-.
prep;nd
_
......,
lor
pnvale
sale.
M
reproductlofl
coopyngI'il
w h a l ~
0$
~
by!he
Pubisher5.
AI
~
Ihoukl
be.sdl'
,eel
10
0lMd
RIckman.
1000
North
Momle
Street
Wllmroglorl.
~
19801.USA
---
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1'lt,.tIW
~ t > r a . - - 0 9 l " ~ ~ ,
UK
"""*'
"'
0-
-.gI'i
'NorIll
Pro'ilUd
Abbreviations
used
in
this
text
C%nleSIStites
CT.
ConnectICUl,
DE.
OeIaware.
CiA.
Geo!gIa;
NC.
NorthGarolonI,
NFLO.
Newfooodland.NJ.
New
Jer.iey.
NH.
New
Hampstwe.
NS,
Nova
SCOtlol;
NY.
New
YQrk.;
MA.
M a s s a c h u s e t t s ~
MO,
Maryland,
ME,
M3lIle.
PA,
Pennsyt'o'iInIa.
AI.
Rhode
Island,SC.
South
Can:!l'r'III;
VA,
VorgOlllll.
ArcJuves.
BL.
6I1t,snUOrary;NAC.NllllOl'lalAn;hrves
of
C a n a d a ~
PflO.
Public
Records
OffICI,
Kew.
UK,
Wlth,n
whlch
PROIAO.Aud't
OffICe:
PRQICO.
Colonial
Offici.
~ O I T ,
Treasury.
&
PAOIWO.
War
Offici
Published
sources,CSPC:
Cslllndar
01
Stare
Papet$
CokxliaI:
DHSNY
DocumentiN)'HIstory
01
tileStete
of
New
Vorli':
DRCHSNY:
DocumentsRBletlVl
to
rileCOIonIl!
H,story
of
tile
Stare
01
New
Vorl<;
JSAHR:
JoumaI
of
tile
SoI;JfIty
for
Army
H,stoneal
Research:
MG&HM"lriN)'
CO/IeCror
&
H,storian,
Joumal
of
file
Company
of
MJlitary
HJstonana:
PWJ
Papers
01
SIr
W,'llIlmJohnson
CONTENTS
MASSACHUSETTSNEWHAMPSHIRECONNECTICUTRHODEISLANDMARYLANDNEWYORKNEWJERSEYTHEPLATESINDEX
3
14
18
2224
3540
42
48
 
Militia
Hf'V4l_nt"h_lbtl'llfrom
the
town
01
W
.....
ley,
M
..
NlchulMltt
••c.1740.
(Journal
0'
the
.<tmerle.llnMililary
Inltllul.,
Hl401
COLONIALTROOPS
1610-1774
MASSACHUSETTS
T
HE
102
-PILGRJM
r A T I I E R S ~
who
landed
OIl
PlvmouthRockin
November
1620werereligiollsrefugeesfrom
England.
The
Pilgrimswere
fundamentalist
Christians
who
had
separated
from
theestablished
church
-
humble
peol)le
used
to
a
hard·",orking
life.
during
which
the\
""ould
earntheir
hea\enh
reward
b\their
plll'ewars.Inallmoll
me\
did.
the\
ne\er
doubted
that
lIle\
were
cafT};ng
out
me
",;11
of
God.
Their
first
Ye'd.1'S
at
Plrrnouthweredifficult.
but
through
unremitLing
laborand
athrifty
and
Spartall
"'-.l\
of
life.
their
colonygradually
thri\'cd.
Their
lifewas
basicalh
di\;ded
between
toil
and
praver.
Militia
Suspicious
of
thenearby
Indians.in1622
the
Plrrnouthcolonistswereorganized
intofour
militia
companies
b\
~ l i l c s
Standish.
The
fil'St
meeLing
house
in
Plnnouth
" ' ~ d . S
aShlrdy
a I T ~ i r
",;tha
nat
roof
upon
\\hich
were
mounted
six
cannons.
Isaack
de
Rasiere
melllioned
in1627that.fora
church
scT\ice.
themen
-assemble
b\
beat
of
the
drum.each
withhis
musket
or
firelock.infront
of
the
c<lpt;:1in's
door;
they
ha\e
their
cloaks
on.
and
placethemselvesin
order.
three
:Ibreast.
andare
led
b}
a
sergeant
without
beat
of
drum.
Behindhim
comesthe
gm'ernor
ina
long
robe;beside
him.
on
the
right
hand.
comes
thepreacher
withhis
robeon.
andon
the
left
hand
thecaptain
"';thhis
sidc:.--arms.
and
cloak
on,
and
"';thasmallc..meinhis
hand;
and
sothev
march
in
goodorder.
and
eachsetshis
anns
down
near
him.
Thus
they
arc
constalllh
on
their
b"uard
nightand
day.-
The
earlyscnlers
of
Plymouthcolony
had
access
to
mrious
lvpes
of
firearms,
edged
wcapons
and
armor.Corselets
and
helmetswereinuseuntil
aboutthe
mid-I630s.
but
l1luskellialoncwerecal'rinlfrom1643.
More
-trainband"companics
were
organized
innewvillages
a.s
1>1)'lIlomh
Bay
colony
expanded.
In1658a
troop
of
horse
was
organized.as
",'ell
asa
senior
stalI
headed
by
a
I m ~ o r .
The
colonvsufferedlosses
to
KingPhilip'shosLileNarrdgan"Ctwarriorsin1675--76.In
Jul)
1676aMCompan)'
of
Volunteers
of
about
200
men,
English
and
Indian,
the
Englishnot
exceeding
lhenumber
of6<r
\ \ ~ . t . "
raisedforfull·timescl'\;ce,
to
be
led
by
Capt.BerUamin
Church.
This
was
aRanger-tvpe
unit
madeup
of
woodsmen,whicheventuallv
trapped
and
killedKingPhilip.
The
colony
of
PlymouthBa\
hadremained
small
and.
in1691,
it
was
amalg-dmated
into
its
neighbor,
lhe
colom
of
~ I ~ c h u s c t t s
&1\.
Massachusetts
Bay
The
settlement
of
this
colom
from1628
" ' ~ d . S
.,,,,;f!
and
relaLive!}
unopposed
bv
the
Indians.
These
settlers
\\ere
-1)uritansM
\\ho.
liketlle3

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