Article appeared Friday, January 25th, 2013 in The News Today, Bangladesh
The Revelation (263)yousuf mahbubul Islam, PhD
Is there any difference between knowledge and intelligence? To work out the difference, let usconsider the following situation. Imagine that we have a parrot who we have named “Polly”. Weteach Polly to repeat the sentence, “Polly is a good boy.” So Polly repeats this sentence anumber of times each day. Now, can Polly work out whether this statement or knowledge istrue? No, Polly can only repeat the statement without being able to analyze the truth of thestatement. Polly is therefore completely in the
about the sense, meaning, truth or value of the statement.On the other hand, a human being has the ability to ask questions and analyze this statement.Relevant questions could be: is Polly a human being or a type of bird? Do birds have activitiesthat can be classified as ‘good’ or ‘bad’? To answer these questions, the human can look for further knowledge that can be used to verify the truth of the statement, “Polly is a good boy.”Knowledge consists of statements or facts that are available in books, in electronic media, canbe circulated as rumors or even may be passed down generations by word-of-mouth. Incontrast, intelligence is an ability given to human beings to ask questions and collect further knowledge to ascertain or corroborate the truth or value of any statement. In contrast to other created beings, humans have been given intelligence to ascertain the truth or value of knowledge. Intelligence may therefore be called a
by which knowledge can be viewed or examined. The New Testament of the Bible explains the blessing of intelligence given to man.
The light shines in the darkness, but the darkness has not understood it.
Life forms that have not been given intelligence are incapable of checking or processingknowledge – they are therefore in the depths of darkness. It is with intelligence or light thathumans can independently work out and choose to appreciate the greatness of the Creator.Equally, people who do not use or bother to use their intelligence remain in darkness. In themost recent Revelation, the Qur’an, our Creator asks,
…Are the blind equal to those who see? Or the depths of darkness equal with Light?"Or do they assign to Allah partners who have created as He has created so that thecreation seemed to them similar? Say: "Allah is the Creator of all things: He is the One,the Supreme and Irresistible. "
[13.16]The Creator has created blessings of all kinds. In the following Verses from the Qur’an, our Creator enlightens and guides us about food, its use and abuse.
6.141 “It is He who has brought into being gardens — both of the cultivated typeand those growing wild — and the date palm, and fields bearing differentproduce, and the olive, tree, and the pomegranates, all resembling one another and yet so different. Eat of their fruit when they come to fruition, and give (to thepoor) what is due to them on harvest day. But do not waste, for He does not lovethe wasteful.”6.142 “And of the cattle some are reared for work and others for food. Eat of thatwhich God has provided for you as sustenance and do not follow Satan’sfootsteps; he is your open foe.”
Cattle therefore have two purposes, working for man and as provision for food. He informs howHe created us and organized provision:
He created you (all) from a single person: then created of like nature his mate; and Hesent down for you eight head of cattle in pairs…