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An Ancient Vedic college of Kerala by Dr. R. Nagaswamy

An Ancient Vedic college of Kerala by Dr. R. Nagaswamy

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Published by teashwar
One of the most ancient foundation of Vedic College recorded in documents of this country comes from Thiruvananthapuram, in Kerala mentioned in a copper plate grant dated 865(AD) CE. This article by Dr. Nagaswamy discusses the interesting details in brief.
One of the most ancient foundation of Vedic College recorded in documents of this country comes from Thiruvananthapuram, in Kerala mentioned in a copper plate grant dated 865(AD) CE. This article by Dr. Nagaswamy discusses the interesting details in brief.

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Published by: teashwar on Jan 24, 2013
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An Ancient Vedic college of Kerala
R.Nagaswamy 
One of the most ancient foundation of Vedic College recorded indocuments of this country comes from Thiruvananthapuram, in Keralamentioned in a copper plate grant dated 865(AD) CE. The grant issued by the Y
ā
dava king of Karunandan A
akkan, who purchased lands,established a town named after his title P
ā
rthiva-
ś
ekhara-puram, built aVishnu temple (Vi
h
u Bha
ṭṭā
ra) and as an adjunct to this temple heestablished this post graduate Vedic centre called (P
ā
rthiva
śā
ekharapuram)
śā
lai. But what is amazing is that he gives the number of seatsprovided for each of the three Vedas
 – 
Rk Veda, Yajur Veda and S
ā
maveda, the qualifications prescribed for admission, the mode of study,provision of a hostel and the discipline enforced among the students,Punishment prescribed for misbehavior, and the landed propertyprovided as a perpetual endowment for running the institution. This isthe earliest in the whole country that gives such details. And what is itsays modeled on another similar college, already functioning atKandalur
śś
indicating that it was the norm prevalent in similarinstitution very much earlier to that date. Another important point isthat such Institutions were founded as part of temples. And that it is aRoyal Foundation need to be noted. The students were called Sattars.The record is in Tamil and Sanskrit.
 
Details of Parthivasekharapuram record
Number of Seats provided;
Bahrich cara
a seats 45Taittiriya cara
a seats 36Talavak
ā
ra Cara
a seats 14Total seats seats 95Rules of admissiona)
 
One should have studied M
 ī 
m
ā
msaVy
ā
kara
a andPaurohityaShould have no landed property (Poorstudents Only)Should have adequate qualification to dealwith three functions (trai r
ā
 jya vyavah
ā
ra)Should produce certificates from five Sa
ṭṭ
arsthat the statements he has produced weretruthful.
 
Modes of Study
: (V
ā
ram)a)
 
Should recite nine “Pugavus”as as two
 
krama v
ā
ras”
alternately in Sutras and Sutra-
ā
ranas b)
 
S
hould repeat nine “pugavus as two
krama v
ā
ras”
alternately in
Śā
kha, Kalpa and Gha
a.c)
 
Repeat nine “Pugavus” in two v
ā
rams in “Ahattu
ū
ham”
(from memory)
Code of Students’ conduct
:1. If any student speaks ill of another during the course, he will be finedfive k
ā
nams that should be paid in the hands of elected representatives
of the assembly “Sabhai pe
r
umakkal”
 2. If one Sattar punches on the head of another he should pay a fine of five k
ā
nam.3. The one who received the punch should also pay the same fine4. If one student wounds another with any weapon, he will bedismissed from the course immediately.5. Students are not permitted to carry weapons while going to assemblymeetings6. No kind of deceit is allowed with in the temple premises.7. Sattars are not permitted to keep servant maids in their houses(Hostel rooms)

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