Vital to Our Nation’s Economy:
GREAT LAKES JOBS REPORT
AGRICULTURE, FISHING AND FOOD PRODUCTION:
Te Great Lakes support a vibrant recreational and commercialshery. Te Lakes also moderate the climate o coastal areas,improving production and creating microclimates that are idealor specialty crops such as cherries, asparagus and wine grapes. Tehigh-value, specialty crops also provide spin-of industries such asculinary estivals and beverage production.
SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING:
wenty science, engineering and conservation-oriented occupationsare connected to the Great Lakes. Tat includes jobs that ocuson the natural environment, such as an environmental scientist,and those tied to Great Lake industries, such as ood scientists andnuclear engineers.
Power plants are the largest user o surace water in the region.Nuclear, coal and natural gas power plants are oten located on a coast where they have ready access to water or acility cooling. TeGreat Lakes also enable lucrative hydro-electricity production inSault Ste. Marie, Niagara Falls and the Upper St. Lawrence River.
Mining operations ourish in the Great Lakes region because thereare abundant natural resources, a regional market or the material,and access to inexpensive transportation.
Ensuring a Vibrant Future
Water is huge draw or people — coastal trails, clean beaches and waterront businesses add tremendous value to both metropolitanand semi-rural areas. In this new economic era, growth will be lesslinked to traditional manuacturing and more ocused on quality o lie and quality o the region’s natural resources. Unless we protectand restore our best environmental asset — the Great Lakes — we will not be able to retain and attract strong new businesses and greathuman resources.Te Lakes are vital not only to the basin states, but are also anintegral part o our nation’s economic and environmental health. With 83 million people, the region produced 27% o the grossdomestic product
and 24% o country’s exports in 2009.
Te GreatLakes basin is home to 38% o the Fortune 500 companies
and oneo the largest concentrations o research universities in the world.
Great Lakes colleges and universities award 32% o the nation’sadvanced science and engineering degrees,
providing the humancapital needed or innovation and entrepreneurship.
Great Lakes Commission. 2008. Great Lakes Recreational Boating’s EconomicPunch. Ann Arbor, MI.
U.S. Department o the Interior, Fish and Wildlie Service. 2008. 2006 NationalSurvey o Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlie-Associated Recreation. Washington, DC:U.S. Census Bureau.
Lake Carriers’ Association. 2009. Statistical Annual Report o Lake Carriers’ Association. Rocky River, OH: Author. Retrieved February 11, 2011, romhttp://www.lcaships.com/SR09-Dry-Bulk%20Commerce%20-%20ext.pd
U.S. Army Corp o Engineers. 2009. Great Lakes Navigation System: EconomicStrength to the Nation
Bureau o Economic Analysis. 2009. Gross Domestic Product by State. RetrievedFebruary 10,2011 rom: http://www.bea.gov/regional/index.htm#gsp
International rade Administration. 2009. State export statistics. Retrieved February 10, 2011 rom: http://tse.export.gov/SE/SEhome.aspx
Fortune Magazine. April 2010. Find op Companies by State. Retrieved February 10, 2011 rom: http://money.cnn.com/magazines/ortune/ortune500/
Afolter-Caine, B. and J.C. Austin. 2006. Te Vital Center: A Federal State Com-pact to Renew the Great Lakes Region. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution.
National Science Foundation. 2010. Science and Engineering Indicators: 2010.
1. Quarterly Census o Employment and Wages: www.bls.gov/cew 2. Occupational Employment Statistics: www.bls.gov/oes
Number o jobs connected to the Great Lakes by state and industry. All data is or 2009.
INDUSTRYGREAT LAKES JOBS
Manuacturing994,879ourism and Recreation217,635Shipping 118,550 Agriculture118,430Science and Engineering38,085Utilities10,980Mining10,003
STATEGREAT LAKES JOBS
Minnesota11,877 Wisconsin173,969Illinois 380,786Indiana 54,397Michigan525,886Ohio 178,621Pennsylvania25,479New York157,547
Total 1.51 Million