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Indian
Folklife
Guest Editors:
Y.A. Sudhakar Reddy and P.S. Kanaka Durga
 A Quarterly Newsletter from
 
National Folklore Support Centre
Serial No.29June 2008
TELUGU FOLKLORE
 
INDIAN FOLKLIFE 
SERIAL NO.29 JUNE 2008
2
NATIONAL FOLKLORE SUPPORT CENTRE
National Folklore Support Centre (NFSC)
is a non-governmental, non-profit organisation, registered in Chennai, dedicated to the promotion of Indian folklore research, education, training, networking, and publications. The aim of the Centre is to integrate scholarship with activism, aesthetic appreciation with community development, comparative folklore studies with cultural diversities and identities, dissemination of information with multi-disciplinary dialogues, folklore fieldwork with developmental issues and folklore advocacy with public programming events. Folklore is a tradition based on any expressive behaviour that brings a group together, creates a convention and commits it to cultural memory. NFSC aims to achieve its goals through cooperative and experimental activities at various levels. NFSC is supported by grants from the Ford Foundation and Tata Education Trust.
INDIAN FOLKLIFE EDITORIAL TEAM
 Editor Associate Editors Guest Editors Page Layout & Design
M.D. Muthukumaraswamy J. Malarvizhi Y.A. Sudhakar Reddy P. SivasakthivelSeema .M P.S. Kanaka Durga
For Internet broadcasting and public programmes schedule at Indian School of Folklore visit our websiteAll the previous issues of Indian Folklife can be freely downloaded from
http://www.indianfolklore.org
Assistant Director Archivist and Educational Graphic Research Fellow Research Fellow (Library (Administration) Administrative Secretary Co-ordinator Designe
 
(Publication) and Information Resources)
T.R. Sivasubramaniam B. Jishamol A. Sivaraj P. Sivasakthivel Seema .M S. Radhakrishnan 
Program Officer Program Officer Research Fellows Support Staff (Publications and (Field Work) (Field Work)
C. Kannan
Communication)
K. Muthukumar S. Aruvi A. MohanaJ. Malarvizhi S. Rajasekar M. Senthilnathan
B O A R D O F T R U S T E E S
CHAIRMANJyotindra Jain
Professor, School of Arts and Aesthetics,Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi 
TRUSTEESAjay S. Mehta
Executive Director, National Foundation for India, India Habitat Centre,Zone 4 – A, UG Floor, Lodhi Road, New Delhi 
Ashoke Chatterjee
Honorary Chairman, Crafts Council of India, B 1002, Rushin Tower,Behind Someshwar Complex, Satellite Road, Ahmedabad – 380015 
N. Bhakthavathsala Reddy
Registrar, Potti Sreeramulu Telugu University, Public Garden, Hyderaba
Dadi D.Pudumjee
President, UNIMA International, Director, Ishara Puppet Theatre,B2/2211 Vasant Kunj, New Delhi 
Deborah Thiagarajan
President, Madras Craft Foundation, Besant Nagar, Chennai 
Molly Kaushal
Professor, Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts,C. V. Mess, Janpath, New Delhi 
Munira Sen
Director, Common Purpose India, Vasanth Nagar, Bangalore - 560 052 
K. Ramadas
Karamballi, Via Santosh Nagar, Udipi 576 102 
Y.A. Sudhakar Reddy
Professor and Head, University of Hyderabad,Centre for Folk Culture Studies, S.N. School, Hyderaba
Veenapani Chawla
Theatre Director, Adishankti Laboratory for Theater Research, Pondicherry 
E X E C U T I V E T R U S T E E A N D D I R E C T O RM.D. Muthukumaraswamy
C O N T E N T SNarrative Traditions and Folktales of AndhraPradesh.................................................... 3Narrative Tradition as a Cultural Allegory:Reflections from Telugu Folklore .................. 4Folk Tales of Andhra Pradesh – What do they convey? ................................ 8Folk Tales from Andhra Pradesh .................. 11Toy Making: A Popular Craft ....................... 14Leather Puppetry: The Art and Tradition ....... 16Oggukatha ............................................... 17Memoirs of a Folk Performer(Chukka Sattiah: Oggukatha Performer) ........ 18Embossed Sheet Metal Craft ofAndhra Pradesh ........................................ 19Burra Katha: A Unique Narrative Folkart form .................................................. 20Pagativeshalu: A Folk Theatrical Form .......... 21Surabhi Theatre : A Legacy to Continue ........ 22
STAFF
 
INDIAN FOLKLIFE 
SERIAL NO.29 JUNE 2008
3E D I T O R I A LY.A. S
UDHAKAR
R
EDDY
, Professor and Head,University of Hyderabad, Centre for Folk CultureStudies, S.N. School, Hyderabad.
P.S. K
ANAKA
D
URGA
, Reader, Centre for FolkCulture Studies, School of Social Sciences,University of Hyderabad
T
he folklore of India in general and AndhraPradesh in particular encompasses variousaspects of expressive behaviour as a dialoguebetween human groups and their physical andsocial environments. These manifold cultural formsare information banks and communication systemsthat explicate the spatio-temporal dynamics ofadaptive processes. Folklore studies from the Indianperspective perhaps lies in the amalgamation ofthe hegemonic model based on literacy and themnemonic model grounded in orality. The formerbrings out the linear structural paradigms innatelyrepresented in cultural expressive traditions andthe latter reveals the non-linear and hyper-textualstructural patterns that form the cultural behavioursof the Indian populace.The study of folklore, therefore, is vital forhermeneutic, ideological and philosophicalreasons. Hermeneutically, it combines literacy withorality and analyses Indian culture by juxtaposingwritten records with oral records in hyper-textualformats. Ideologically, it ensures the continuity ofcognizance of Indian culture preventing interferenceof global agencies that try to superimpose universalcultural models over people. Philosophically, itstrengthens cultural practices of non-hegemonicand marginalized communities that have sustainedthe ethos of the country wherever folk cultures arestill alive and have contributed immensely to thenotion of nation.Tale telling is a folk practice that not only revealsthe worldview of the tellers and their stockaudience but also strengthens their bonds as acommunity. The whole process of performanceof tale telling articulates the identity of the folkcommunity. The papers on “Narrative Traditionsand “Folktales of A.P.” included in this issue arean attempt to describe and analyze the verbalexpressive traditions of communities practisingthe folk arts in Andhra Pradesh. The articles onthe different verbal and non-verbal art traditionsof Andhra Pradesh such as Burra Katha, OgguKatha, Pagativesham, toy making and metal craftin this issue attest the fact that these are still livingtraditions of the Telugu speaking people.In the wake of globalization, however, communitiespractising these arts are being marginalized andstruggling to retain their own identity. ‘Givingback to the people what we have taken from themand what rightfully belongs to them’ is the ethicaland moral basis of the study of folklore. This self-consciousness, if developed, would benefit variousfolk groups that are often stereotyped as illiterateand backward. Already, the forces of modernity asrepresented in the new socio-economic formationsregulated by the global capitalist market have re-codified existing language systems and semioticsthrough the electronic media and eclipsed thecommunities that were based on orality. To preventthis, the new generation needs to be sensitizedthrough the publication of such newsletters andother means. Hence, this humble attempt.
NARRATIVE TRADITIONSANDFOLKTALES OF ANDHRA PRADESH
Y.A. S
UDHAKAR
R
EDDY
and P.S. K
ANAKA
D
URGA

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