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Risks, Rights, Health: HIV

Risks, Rights, Health: HIV

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Published by Patricia Dillon

Global Commission on HIV and the Law

Global Commission on HIV and the Law

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Published by: Patricia Dillon on Jan 25, 2013
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09/17/2013

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Risks, Rights & Health
JULY 2012
HIV and the AW
Global Commission on
 
 The ctet, y, p d pcy recedt cted  th puct d tecery reect the vew  the Uted nt Devepet Prgre.
 
Secretariat, Global commiSSion on HiV and tHe law
UnDP, HiV/aiDs Grup,bureu r Devepet Pcy,304 Et 45th street, new Yrk, nY 10017E: @hvwc.rg Te: (212) 906 6590 Fx: (212) 906 5023We: www.hvwc.rg Cpyrght © UnDP 2012ige ued wth per.GrphcCretech & myrd Edtled wrterJudth leve Deg & PrterCdted Grphc
ERRATUM
•Intheoriginallypublishedversionof“Risks,RightsandHealth”,thefollowingsentencewasincludedonp41:“InNewZealand,sexworkhasrecentlybeenprosecutedunderthesamelawthatociallydecriminalizesit.”Thesentenceisnotaccurateandhasbeendeletedfromcurrenton-lineversionsofthereport.Itwillnotbeincludedinhardcopiesofthereportdistributedinthefuture.•Atthetimeoftheoriginalpublicationof“Risks,RightsandHealth”,theEuropeanParliamenthadnotyetmadeanaldecisiononwhetherornottoratifytheAnti-CounterfeitingTradeAgreement(ACTA).Subsequenttooriginalpublication,theEUPar-liamentmadeadecisionon4July2012tonotratifytheagreement.On-lineversionsof“Risks,RightsandHealth”nowincludethefollowingadditionalsentenceonp.82:“
 ACTA caused such controversy that on 4 July 2012, the European Parliament declined to ratiy European Union participation in the Agreement.
•TheILORecommendationconcerningHIVandAIDSandtheWorldofWork2010(no.200)isapplicabletoallworkers.ThestandardestablisheskeyhumanrightsprinciplestoguideHIVresponsesinformalandinformalworksettings.Theseprinci-plesincludenon-discriminationandgenderequality,particularlynon-discriminatoryaccesstoHIV-relatedprevention,treat-ment,careandsupportservicesforallworkers.TherecommendationcallsforgovernmentstotakemeasurestoprovideforeectiveprotectionsagainstHIV-relateddiscriminationandprovidefortheireectiveandtransparentimplementation.Sexworkersarenotexcludedfromthescopeandapplicationofthisrecommendation.
 
:I1
Table of ConTenTs
ABOUTTHEGLOBALCOMMISSIONONHIVANDTHELAW..................................................................................................................................................
3
PREFACE................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................4Acknowledgments.........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
5
Abbreviations.....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
6
EXECUTIVESUMMARY..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
7
INTRODUCTION:CANLAWSSAVELIVES?......................................................................................................................................................................................11CHAPTER1:AGAINSTDISCRIMINATION:HEALTHANDDIGNITYTHROUGHLAW................................................................................................15CHAPTER2:PUNISHINGVULNERABILITY:CRIMINALISATIONOFHIVTRANSMISSION,EXPOSUREANDNON-DISCLOSURE......................................................................................................................................................................20CHAPTER3:RISK+STIGMA:KEYPOPULATIONS........................................................................................................................................................................263.1PEOPLEWHOUSEDRUGS...........................................................................................................................................................................................293.2SEXWORKERS.....................................................................................................................................................................................................................
36
3.3MENWHOHAVESEXWITHMEN.............................................................................................................................................................................443.4TRANSGENDERPERSONS.............................................................................................................................................................................................513.5PRISONERS............................................................................................................................................................................................................................
55
3.6MIGRANTS.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................59CHAPTER4:GENDERANDDISEMPOWERMENT:WOMEN...................................................................................................................................................62CHAPTER5:THEIRWHOLELIVESTOLIVE:CHILDRENANDYOUTH................................................................................................................................70CHAPTER6:MEDICINESFORWHOM?INTELLECTUALPROPERTYLAWAND THEGLOBALFIGHTFORTREATMENT...................................................................................................................................................................
76
CONCLUSION..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................88AnnexI:CommissionTermsofReference.....................................................................................................................................................................................90AnnexII:CommissionerBiographies................................................................................................................................................................................................92AnnexIII:TechnicalAdvisoryGroupBiographies.....................................................................................................................................................................94AnnexIV:SummaryofRecommendations..................................................................................................................................................................................97ENDNOTES......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................106
 TableofContents I1

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