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Published by Frank Gallagher
Governments are an elite's conspiracy with a legitimate legal system a Theory!!
Governments are an elite's conspiracy with a legitimate legal system a Theory!!

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Published by: Frank Gallagher on Jan 25, 2013
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CLEPTOCRACY COITUS AH SOwww.ItIs13.com Common Law Elite Precedence Tyrannical Opulent Conspiracy Responsibly Accountable CorruptYahoos Conflict of Interest Tort Usury Ad Hoc Spirit Override
Common Law
Common law
(also known as
), is
 developed by
 and similar tribunals rather than through
. A "common law system" is a
that gives great precedential weight to commonlaw,
on the principle that it is unfair to treat similar facts differently on different occasions.
The body of 
is called "common law" and it binds future decisions. In cases where the partiesdisagree on what the law is, an idealized common law court looks to past
decisions of relevant courts. If a similar dispute has been resolved in the past, the court is 
to follow thereasoning used in the prior decision (this principle is known as
). If, however, the courtfinds that the current dispute is fundamentally distinct from all previous cases (called a "
"), judges have the authority and duty to make law by creating 
Thereafter, the newdecision becomes precedent, and will bind future courts.In practice, common law systems are considerably more complicated than the idealized systemdescribed above. The decisions of a court are binding only in a particular 
, and even within agiven jurisdiction, some courts have more power than others. For example, in most jurisdictions,decisions by
 are binding on lower courts in the same jurisdiction and on future decisionsof the same appellate court, but decisions of lower courts are only non-binding persuasive authority.Interactions between common law, 
 also give rise toconsiderable complexity. However 
, the principle that similar cases should be decidedaccording to consistent principled rules so that they will reach similar results, lies at the heart of allcommon law systems.Common law legal systems are in widespread use, particularly in
where it originated in theMiddle Ages,
and in nations or regions that trace their legal heritage to England as former colonies of the
, including the 
, and
Hobbes' hypothesis that the ruler's sovereignty is contracted to him by the people in return for hismaintaining their safety, led him to conclude that if the ruler fails to do this, the people are releasedfrom their obligation to obey him.Bodin's and Hobbes's theories would decisively shape the concept of sovereignty, which we can findagain in thesocial contracttheories, for example, inRousseau's (1712–1778) definition of popular sovereignty(with early antecedents inFrancisco Suárez's theory of the origin of power), which
?differs in that he considers
the people to be the legitimate sovereign.
Likewise, it is inalienable
– Rousseau condemned the distinction between the originand the exercise of sovereignty, a distinction upon which
arefounded. Niccolò Machiavelli,Thomas Hobbes,John Locke, andMontesquieuare also key figures in the unfolding of the concept of sovereignty.
constitution of the United Kingdom
is the set of laws and principles under which theUnitedKingdomis governed.
Unlike many nations, the UK has no single core constitutional document. It is therefore often said thatthe country has an uncodified, or
 However, much of the British constitution is embodied in the written form, within statutes,court judgments, and treaties.The constitution has other unwritten sources, including
Since the English Civil War, the bedrock of the British constitution has traditionally been the doctrine of 
according to which the statutes passed by Parliament are the UK's supreme and final source of law.
It follows that Parliament can change the constitution simply by passing new Acts of Parliament.
There is some debate about whether this principle remains entirely
valid today,
in part due to the UK's European Unionmembership.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kleptocrat Kleptocracy, alternatively cleptocracy or kleptarchy, (from Greek : κλέπτης - kleptēs, "thief"[1]and κράτος - kratos, "power, rule",[2]hence "rule by thieves") is a form of political andgovernment corruptionwhere the government exists to increase the personal wealth and political power of itsofficials and theruling classat the expense of the wider population, often without pretense of honestservice. This type of government corruption is often achieved by theembezzlementof state funds.
Contents[hide]1 Characteristics2 Effects3 Examples3.1 International ranking4 Other terms4.1 Narcokleptocracy4.2 Others5 See also6 References7 Further reading[edit]CharacteristicsKleptocracies are generally associated with corrupt forms of authoritariangovernments, particularlydictatorships, oligarchies,military juntas, or some other forms of  autocraticandnepotist government in which no outside oversight is possible, due to the ability of  the kleptocrat(s) to personally control both the supply of public funds and the means of determiningtheir disbursal. Kleptocratic rulers typically treat their country's treasuryas though it were their own  personal bank account, spending the funds on luxury goodsas they see fit. Many kleptocratic rulers also secretly transfer public funds into secret personalnumbered bank accounts in foreign countries in order to provide them with continued luxury if/when they are eventually removed from power andforced to leave the country.Kleptocracy is most common in developing countries. Such incomes constitute a form of  economicrent and are therefore easier to siphon off without causing the income itself to decrease (for example,due tocapital flight as investors pull out to escape the high taxes levied by the kleptocrats). [edit]EffectsThe effects of a kleptocratic regime or government on a nation are typically adverse in regards to thefaring of the state'seconomy, political affairs andcivil rights. Kleptocracy in government often vitiates  prospects of foreign investment and drastically weakens the domestic market and cross-border trade.As the kleptocracy normally embezzles money from its citizens by misusing funds derived fromtax payments, or money laundering schemes, a kleptocratically structured political system tends to degradenearly everyone's quality of life.3

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