Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Studies
(ISSN0193-600XX) is the organ of theInternational Association of BuddhistStudies, Inc. As a peer-reviewed journal,it welcomes scholarly contributionspertaining to all facets of BuddhistStudies. JIABS is published twice yearly.As announced at the XVIth IABS Con-gress in Taiwan, the JIABS is now avail-able online in open access at http://archiv.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/ojs/index.php/jiabs/ index. Articles become available onlinefor free 60 months after their appearancein print. Current articles are not accessibleonline. Subscribers can choose between re-ceiving new issues in print or as PDF. Weare kindly requesting all authors that couldbe opposed to this decision to inform theEditors by June 2012.Manuscripts should preferably be sub-mitted as e-mail attachments to:
as one single le,
complete with footnotes and references,
in two dierent formats: in PDF-format,
and in Rich-Text-Format (RTF) or Open-Document-Format (created e.g. by Open
Address books for review to:JIABS Editors, Institut für Kultur- undGeistesgeschichte Asiens, Apostelgasse 23,A-1030 Wien, AUSTRIAAddress subscription orders and dues,changes of address, and business corre-spondence (including advertising orders)to:Dr Jérôme Ducor, IABS TreasurerDept of Oriental Languages and CulturesAnthropoleUniversity of LausanneCH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerlandemail:
Web: http://www.iabsinfo.netFax: +41 21 692 29 35Subscriptions to JIABS are USD 55 peryear for individuals and USD 90 per yearfor libraries and other institutions. Forinformations on membership in IABS, seeback cover.
KELLNER BirgitKRASSER HelmutJoint EditorsBUSWELL RobertCHEN JinhuaCOLLINS StevenCOX ColletGÓMEZ Luis O.HARRISON PaulVON HINÜBER OskarJACKSON RogerJAINI Padmanabh S.
KUO Li-yingLOPEZ, Jr. Donald S.MACDONALD AlexanderSCHERRER-SCHAUB CristinaSEYFORT RUEGG DavidSHARF RobertSTEINKELLNER ErnstTILLEMANS Tom
Cover: Cristina Scherrer-SchaubFont: “Gandhari Unicode”designed by Andrew Glass (http:// andrewglass.org/fonts.php)© Copyright 2011 by theInternational Association of Buddhist Studies, Inc.Print: Ferdinand Berger & SöhneGesmbH, A-3580 Horn