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Cement Chemistry Handbook - Fuller

Cement Chemistry Handbook - Fuller

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Understand everything about your cement chemistry before produce it.

Understand everything about your cement chemistry before produce it.

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Published by: Nael on Jan 27, 2013
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09/17/2013

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FULLER - CEMENT CHEMISTRY - HANDBOOK 
CEMENT CHEMISTRY
Table of Contents
1. INTRODUCTION 
1.1INTRODUCTIO1.2DEFINITIONS - cement, concrete, cement types, raw materials etc.
2. COMPOSITION 
2.1 COMPOSITION - basic calculation/formulas - chemical shorthand etc.2.2MODULES2.3MINERAL COMPOSITIO
3. TYPES OF CEMENT 
3.1TYPES OF CEMEN3.2CEMENT STANDARDS3.3CEMENT QUALITY - MAIN FACTORS
4. MANUFACTURE 
4.1MANUFACTURE OF CEMENT - grey, mixed and whitecement - wet, dry and semi-dry process4.2RAW MI4.3RAW MATERIALS4.4CHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND CONTROL OF RAW MI4.5PHYSICAL CONTROL AND COMPOSITION OF RAW MI4.6BURNABILITY OF RAW MI4.7CLINKERISATIO4.8INFLUENCE OF THE RAW MIX ON CLINKER FORMATIO AND BURNABILITY 
5.PROCESS AND KILNS 
5.1TYPES OF KILNS - wet, dry & semi-dr5.2WET KILN - main features - process5.3DRY KIL5.3.1 LONG KILN 5.3.2SP KIL5.3.3ILC-E KILN 5.3.4ILC KIL5.3.5SLC KILN 5.3.6 SLC-S KILN 5.3.7SLC-I KILN 5.4ASH ABSORPTIO5.5VOLATILE MATTE
Chemistry Bible Rev.0; 7 Dec 00 
1
 
FULLER - CEMENT CHEMISTRY - HANDBOOK 5.6MAIN FEATURES DURING BURNING
6. HEAT OF REACTION & HEAT TRANSFER 7.FUEL
7.1TYPES OF FUEL7.1.2COAL7.1.3FUEL OIL7.1.4GAS7.1.5WASTE FUELS
8.COMBUSTION 9. COAL & OIL
9.1FINENESS OF COAL9.2 DRYING OF COAL9.3ASH CONTEN9.4GAS CONTEN9.5MINOR COMPONENTS9.6REQUIREMENT FOR AI
10. PROCESS GAS 
Chemistry Bible Rev.0; 7 Dec 00 
2
 
FULLER - CEMENT CHEMISTRY - HANDBOOK 
1.1INTRODUCTIO
Cement is a material that binds together solid bodies (
aggregate
) by hardeningfrom a plastic state. Many materials act as adhesives or cement according to thisdefinition. The cement referred to above, which is used for civil engineering andthe construction industry, is portland cement. Portland cement is hydraulic anddevelops strength primarily by the hydration of the di- and tri-calcium silicates itcontains. Hydraulic means that the paste of cement and water will harden under water. Lime, on the other hand, will harden due to the reaction with carbondioxide from the air.In 1793, an Englishman by the name of Smeaton found that a form of hydrauliccement was produced when a mixture of limestone and clay were burnedtogether. He was the first producer of portland cement. Another Englishman,Joseph Aspdin obtained the first patent for portland cement in 1824. He burneda mixture of chalk and clay in a lime kiln to form a clinker and ground the clinker to cement. Aspdin is regarded as the inventor of portland cement. The earlyproduct did not have the same quality of cement currently produced today.Two main developments have improved the quality of cement:
 Addition of gypsum to regulate the setting time
Higher burning temperature to obtain higher lime containing silicatesToday, portland cement
(portland cement clinker with a small addition of gypsum)
is used worldwide and is the primary construction material for roads,bridges, runways, tunnels, and buildings. In addition, blended cements areproduced using portland cement clinker, a small amount of gypsum and another additive such as blast furnace slag, fly ash, or other pozzolans. Some blendedcement has improved performance over ordinary portland cement with greater resistance to alkali and sulfate attack.
1.2DEFINITION
- cement, concrete, cement types, raw materials
Chemistry Bible Rev.0; 7 Dec 00 
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