Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
1Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
solar system

solar system

Ratings: (0)|Views: 14 |Likes:
Published by Marlon Marcaida
science V
science V

More info:

Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Marlon Marcaida on Jan 27, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOCX, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

07/13/2014

pdf

text

original

 
 The
solar system
is made up of the sun and its family of heavenly bodies. The sun is the centraland the largest member of the solar system. The other members revolve around the sun. Theseother members are the nine planets, asteroids and comets.The nine planets are the Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune andPluto.
Each planet controls the orbit of its own satellites by its own mass, through the sun‘s great
pull changes these orbits slightly.The gravity of the sun works to pull the planet toward the sun. The gravity of the sun keeps theplanet from leaving the solar system. Centrifugal force keeps the planet from being pulled intothe sun. The interaction of these two forces keeps the planets in their orbits. They havefollowed the same paths for millions of years and will continue to follow them for many more.The nine planets can be grouped into two classes. The four inner planets (Mercury, Venus, Earthand Mars) and the outer most planets (Pluto) are called
terrestrial or earthlike planets
. The otherplanets (Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune) are in the other class, the
gas giant.
The terrestrialare relatively small and solid. The gas giant are truly gigantic, they may have solid cores butthey are surround
ed by very deep atmospheres of gases mostly unlike man‘s air.
 The orbits of the planet are not perfectly circular. They are elliptical. The planets move at thedifferent speeds. Mercury, the planet closest to the sun, makes the shortest trip and travelsfastest. Pluto takes the longest time to complete the journey around the sun. The distance fromthe sun influences the speed at which a planet moves.There is fairly regular scheme of gaps between the orbits of the planets. A German astronomerfigured out and noticed that there was a planet missing between Mars and Jupiter. In the area,there should have been a planet, thousands of tiny bodies have been discovered. These
asteroids
or
tiny planets
orbit around the sun. They are large rock and smaller pebble-like particles called
meteorites / meteors.
 
The SUN
 
The sun is a star like most of the little pinpoints of light that are seen at night. The Sun is amember of a large group of stars called a
galaxy.
There are 10 billion stars in the pancake-shaped
milky way
, man‘s galaxy.
 The sun is situated on one of the arms of this spiral galaxy, about halfway between the edge of the galaxy and the center.
MERCURY
Mercury is the closest planet to the Sun and the smallest planet.It is the second smallest planet (believed to be the smallest until the discovery that Pluto isactually much smaller than originally thought), and also the fastest in its orbit since it is theinnermost planet. In fact, the name Mercury derives from its speed in moving around its orbit.Mercury is similar to the Moon.
Mercury‘s surface is heavily cratered and very old.
It has noplate tectonics. On the other hand, Mercury is much denser than the Moon. Mercury is thesecond densest major body in the solar system, after Earth. Mercury has only a relatively thinsilicate mantle and crust.Mercury has a very thin atmosphere consisting of atoms blasted off its surface by the solar wind.Because Mercury is so hot, these atoms quickly escape into space. Thus in contrast to the Earth
and Venus whose atmospheres are stable, Mercury‘s atmosphere is constantly being replenished.
 
VENUS
Venus is the second planet from the sun and the sixth largest planet. Venus is close in size to Earth, andlike Earth, has a thick silicate mantle around an iron core, a substantial atmosphere and evidence of 
 
internal geological activity. It is much drier than Earth and its atmosphere is ninety times as dense. Ithas no natural satellites. Venus is the hottest planet due to the amount of greenhouse gases in theatmosphere. No definitive evidence of current geological activity has been detected on Venus, but it hasno magnetic field that would prevent depletion of its substantial atmosphere, which suggests that itsatmosphere is regularly replenished by volcanic eruptions.
EARTH
Earth is the third planet from the Sun, it is the largest of the inner planets and the only planetknown to support life and to have liquid water at the surface.
Earth‘s outer surface is divided into several rigid segments, or tectonic plates, that gradually
migrate across the surface over periods of many millions of years. About 71% of the surface iscovered with salt-water oceans, the remainder consisting of continents and islands; liquid water,
necessary for all known life, is not known to exist on any other planet‘s surface.
 
Earth‘s interior 
remains active, with a thick layer of relatively solid mantle, a liquid outer core that generates amagnetic field, and a solid iron inner core.Earth interacts with other objects in outer space, including the Sun and the Moon. At present,Earth orbits the Sun once for every roughly 366.26 times it rotates about its axis. This length of tim
e is a sidereal year, which is equal to 365.26 solar days. The Earth‘s axis of rotation is tilted
23.4° away from the perpendicular to its orbital plane, producing seasonal variations on the
 planet‘s surface with a period of one tropical year (365.24 solar 
days).
Earth‘s only known
natural satellite, the Moon, which began orbiting it about 4.53 billion years ago, provides ocean
tides, stabilizes the axial tilt and gradually slows the planet‘s rotation.
A cometary bombardmentduring the early history of the planet played a role in the formation of the oceans. Later, asteroidimpacts caused significant changes to the surface environment.
MARS
Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and is commonly referred to as the Red Planet.

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->