internal geological activity. It is much drier than Earth and its atmosphere is ninety times as dense. Ithas no natural satellites. Venus is the hottest planet due to the amount of greenhouse gases in theatmosphere. No definitive evidence of current geological activity has been detected on Venus, but it hasno magnetic field that would prevent depletion of its substantial atmosphere, which suggests that itsatmosphere is regularly replenished by volcanic eruptions.
Earth is the third planet from the Sun, it is the largest of the inner planets and the only planetknown to support life and to have liquid water at the surface.
Earth‘s outer surface is divided into several rigid segments, or tectonic plates, that gradually
migrate across the surface over periods of many millions of years. About 71% of the surface iscovered with salt-water oceans, the remainder consisting of continents and islands; liquid water,
necessary for all known life, is not known to exist on any other planet‘s surface.
remains active, with a thick layer of relatively solid mantle, a liquid outer core that generates amagnetic field, and a solid iron inner core.Earth interacts with other objects in outer space, including the Sun and the Moon. At present,Earth orbits the Sun once for every roughly 366.26 times it rotates about its axis. This length of tim
e is a sidereal year, which is equal to 365.26 solar days. The Earth‘s axis of rotation is tilted
23.4° away from the perpendicular to its orbital plane, producing seasonal variations on the
planet‘s surface with a period of one tropical year (365.24 solar
Earth‘s only known
natural satellite, the Moon, which began orbiting it about 4.53 billion years ago, provides ocean
tides, stabilizes the axial tilt and gradually slows the planet‘s rotation.
A cometary bombardmentduring the early history of the planet played a role in the formation of the oceans. Later, asteroidimpacts caused significant changes to the surface environment.
Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and is commonly referred to as the Red Planet.