SEEPNM: (Strategy of Energy Efficient Protocol in WSNs based on Non-Uniform Ring-Zone Model)
Base Paper Summary
Nodes deployed uniformly in the field.
Sink is located at the center of the sensing region.
Network is organized into tires around the sink (BS).
In this protocol the nodes in the nth tire relay their messages to BS in n hops.
This protocol utilizes the twin problem of routing and MAC layer in an integratedfashion.
In this protocol all the nodes of ith tire share the same network address i which isID of tier i.
MAC is chosen randomly from a set, and it will be shorter.
Rings around the BS are formed by broadcasting messages from the BS.
All nodes which receive this message, recognize that they belong to tier n, wheren is the message ID.
The routing in this case is hop by hop.
The packet is transferred from upper level rings to lower rings on the basis of tier ID. Only lower ring ID’s nodes will relay the message to BS.
When a node
has data to send, it chooses next hop node. Before sending any thing thetransmitting node waits for a guard time
. When this guard time
) expires or channel become idle (free), the node
wait for random listening time
beforetransmitting any thing.
It is used for channel listening either busy or free.
It is used for collision when more than one nodes attempt to transmit atthe same time (resulting collision).
When a node
send an RTR (Request to Relay) packet. Upon receiving this RTR bynodes in lower tier ID reply with a CTR (clear to relay) i.e. next hop nodes.In order to avoid contention with other next hop nodes, the next hop node chooses arandom Back off time
and listens to the channel. If next hop nodes hear a CTR message with the correct SMI (source MAC identifier) and STI (source tier identifier)from other next hop node or data from the source node, they reset their timersand goes back into the listening state, otherwise it replies with a CTR which has a correctSMI and STI. Now it is waiting for data and is in receiving state.