The Joint Military Intelligence College supports and encourages research on intelligence issues that distills lessons and improves support to policy-level and operational consumers
This series of Occasional Papers presents the work of faculty, students and others whose research onintelligence issues is supported or otherwise encouraged by the Joint Military Intelligence Collegethrough its Ofﬁce of Applied Research. Occasional Papers are distributed to Department of Defenseschools and to the Intelligence Community, and unclassiﬁed papers are available to the public throughthe National Technical Information Service (
). Selected papers are also available throughthe U.S. Government Printing Ofﬁce (
).Proposed manuscripts for these papers are submitted for consideration to the Applied Research Edi-torial Board. Papers undergo review by senior ofﬁcials in Defense, Intelligence and occasionally civil-ian academic or business communities. Manuscripts or requests for additional copies of OccasionalPapers should be addressed to Defense Intelligence Agency, Joint Military Intelligence College, Ofﬁceof Applied Research, MCE, Bolling AFB, Washington, DC 20340-5100.