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Wicken Northamptonshire

Wicken Northamptonshire

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Published by Wessex Archaeology
In July 2006 an archaeological evaluation was undertaken by Channel 4’s ‘Time Team’ in the village of Wicken in Northamptonshire (centred on NGR 474539, 239362), to investigate the lost site of the church of St James at Wick Hamon, and to examine the early ‘nucleated’ settlement in the northern half of the village, Wick Dive.
The evaluation was concentrated within two areas of the village and was focused in a field known as The Warren, where a series of earthworks are located, and Home Farm, thought to be the site of St James Church, with further work being carried out in gardens along Cross Tree Road and Leckhamstead Road.
The primary aim of the evaluation was to confirm the exact location of the lost church of St James thus adding to the understanding of the manorial relationships in Wicken and to further evaluate the condition and extent of the early settlement site of Wicken, already under investigation by Richard Jones of University of Leicester.
In July 2006 an archaeological evaluation was undertaken by Channel 4’s ‘Time Team’ in the village of Wicken in Northamptonshire (centred on NGR 474539, 239362), to investigate the lost site of the church of St James at Wick Hamon, and to examine the early ‘nucleated’ settlement in the northern half of the village, Wick Dive.
The evaluation was concentrated within two areas of the village and was focused in a field known as The Warren, where a series of earthworks are located, and Home Farm, thought to be the site of St James Church, with further work being carried out in gardens along Cross Tree Road and Leckhamstead Road.
The primary aim of the evaluation was to confirm the exact location of the lost church of St James thus adding to the understanding of the manorial relationships in Wicken and to further evaluate the condition and extent of the early settlement site of Wicken, already under investigation by Richard Jones of University of Leicester.

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Published by: Wessex Archaeology on Feb 12, 2009
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11/09/2012

 
Wessex Archaeology 
Wicken,Northamptonshire
 Archaeological Evaluation and Assessment of Results
February 2008 Ref: 62508.01
 
Wicken, Northamptonshire
Archaeological Evaluation and Assessment of Results
Prepared on behalf of 
Videotext Communications Ltd49 Goldhawk RoadLONDONSW1 8QP
By
Wessex Archaeology
Portway HouseOld Sarum Park SALISBURYWiltshireSP4 6EBReport reference: 62508.01
February 2008
© Wessex Archaeology Limited 2008 all rights reserved Wessex Archaeology Limited is a Registered Charity No. 287786 
 
i
Wicken, Northamptonshire
Archaeological Evaluation and Assessment of Results
Contents
SummaryAcknowledgements
1BACKGROUND..................................................................................................11.1Introduction................................................................................................11.2Description of Site......................................................................................11.3Historical Background...............................................................................1
Wick Dive.....................................................................................................1Wick Hamon.................................................................................................2Wicken: the parishes unified........................................................................2
1.4Previous Archaeological Work.................................................................42AIMS AND OBJECTIVES.................................................................................53METHODS...........................................................................................................53.1Geophysical Survey....................................................................................53.2Earthwork Survey......................................................................................53.3Evaluation Trenches and Test Pits...........................................................54RESULTS.............................................................................................................74.1Introduction................................................................................................74.2Geophysical Survey....................................................................................74.3Earthwork Survey......................................................................................84.4Archaeological Evaluation......................................................................10
 Area 1: The Church Site – Wick Hamon (Trench 3) .................................10 Area 2: The Warren (Wick Dive) – Trenches 1,2,4,5 and 6......................13 Area 3: Gardens of Leckhamstead Road (Test Pits 62, 63 and 69)...........15 Area 4: Gardens of Cross Tree Road (Test pits 64 - 68)...........................15 Area 5: The Village Green ........................................................................16 
5FINDS.................................................................................................................175.1Introduction..............................................................................................175.2Pottery.......................................................................................................175.3Ceramic Building Material (CBM)........................................................185.4Stone..........................................................................................................195.5Glass..........................................................................................................195.6Coins..........................................................................................................195.7Metalwork.................................................................................................205.8Worked Bone............................................................................................205.9Jet...............................................................................................................205.10Human Bone.............................................................................................215.11Animal Bone.............................................................................................226PALAEO-ENVIRONMENTAL EVIDENCE.................................................226.1Introduction and methods.......................................................................226.2Charred Plant Remains...........................................................................236.3Charcoal....................................................................................................236.4Land Snails...............................................................................................23

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