England’s King Henry VIII died; he was succeeded byhis 9-year-old son,Edward VI.
,Cuban revolutionary Jose Marti was born in Havana.
the United States withdrew its forces from Cuba asJose Miguel Gomez became president.
the United States Coast Guard was created asPresident Woodrow Wilson signed a bill merging the Life-Saving Service and Revenue Cutter Service.
,Louis D. Brandeis was nominated by PresidentWoodrow Wilson to the Supreme Court; Brandeis became thecourt’s ﬁrst Jewish member.
during World War II,Allied supplies began reachingChina over the newly reopened Burma Road.
the last of Washington,D.C.’s streetcars made its ﬁnalrun.
a cease-ﬁre ofﬁcially went into effect in the VietnamWar.
six U.S. diplomats who had avoided being takenhostage at their embassy in Tehran ﬂew out of Iran with thehelp of Canadian diplomats.
,Italian anti-terrorism forces rescued U.S. BrigadierGeneral James L. Dozier,42 days after he had been kidnappedby the Red Brigades.
the space shuttle Challenger exploded 73 secondsafter liftoff from Cape Canaveral,killing all seven crew mem-bers,including schoolteacher Christa McAuliffe.
a 13-day standoff in Marion,Utah,between policeand a polygamist clan ended in gunﬁre that killed a state cor-rections ofﬁcer and seriously wounded the group’s leader,Addam Swapp.Actor-dancer John Ronald Dennis is 88. Musician-composerAcker Bilk is 84. Actor Nicholas Pryor is 78. Actor Alan Alda is77. Actress Susan Howard is 71. Actress Marthe Keller is 68.Sen. Jeanne Shaheen,D-N.H.,is 66. Actress-singer Barbi Bentonis 63. Evangelical pastor Rick Warren is 59. Actress Harley JaneKozak is 56. Movie director Frank Darabont is 54. Rock musi-cian Dave Sharp is 54. Rock singer Sam Phillips is 51. Rock musician Dan Spitz is 50. Country musician Greg Cook (Ricochet) is 48. Gospel singer Marvin Sapp is 46. Singer SarahMcLachlan is 45. Rapper Rakim is 45. DJ Muggs (Cypress Hill)is 45. Actress Kathryn Morris (“Cold Case”) is 44.
Help! Too manycrocodiles,police say
JOHANNESBURG — Calling all croc-odile experts — South African police sayyou’re needed to help capture thousandsof crocs out on the lam.Thousands of crocodiles escaped abreeding farm along a river on the SouthAfrica-Botswana border when the farms’gates were opened earlier this week toalleviate pressure caused by rising ﬂoodwaters.Efforts are now being made to wranglethe reptiles and get them back to theRakwena Crocodile Farm,from where thevast majority escaped. HangwaniMulaudzi,a spokesman for the police inLimpopo Province,said Friday thatexperts are needed right away to help sortout the crocodile crisis.“Due to the number of crocodiles thathave been washed away there is a need forexpertise,people who have expertise tocome and assist,”Mulaudzi said. “So weare just making appeals to anyone ... whohas knowledge of catching crocodiles tocome and assist.”News reports from the scene show peo-ple hunting down smaller crocodiles atnight,tying them up and taking them back to the Rakwena Crocodile Farm in north-ern South Africa. The crocodiles are easi-er to hunt at night because their eyes glowwhen hit with a beam of light. The farm’swebsite shows crocs up to 16 feet long,though crocs of all sizes escaped,Mulaudzi said.It isn’t clear exactly how many croco-diles are on the loose. Mulaudzi said hebelieves around 10,000 from multiplefarms remain on the loose. Ofﬁcials fromthe Rakwena Crocodile Farm have beenquoted in conﬂicting South African mediaaccounts as saying either 7,000 escaped orup to 15,000 escaped. The farm originallyheld about 15,000 crocs. About 2,000crocodiles have been returned to the farm,Mulaudzi said.The farm did not respondto an email or calls seeking comment.Regardless of the exact number of farm-raised crocs now touring the wild,govern-ment ofﬁcials and experts are calling onpeople who live near the remote region,which sits on the Limpopo River,to becareful around bodies of water. Many of the crocodiles are assumed to now beresiding in the river.
Worms:A Zimbabwe snack,from tree to dinner table
GWANDA,Zimbabwe — InZimbabwe,mopane worms are a staplepart of the diet in rural areas and are con-sidered a delicacy in the cities. They canbe eaten dry,as crunchy as potato chips,or cooked and drenched in sauce. Whenharvest season for the worms beganrecently,I decided to document theprocess,and I found it somewhat stom-ach-turning. But the worms can be mightytasty and they’re very nutritious. Here’sthe scoop on mopane worms.The worm is the large caterpillar of theGonimbrasia belina species,commonlycalled the emperor moth. It’s called amopane worm because it feeds on theleaves of mopane trees after it hatches insummer. It has also burrowed into litera-ture,ﬁnding its way,for example,into thepages of Alexander McCall Smith’s seriesabout The No. 1 Ladies’DetectiveAgency,set in neighboring Botswana. Atleast one of the characters munches ondried mopane worms.After six weeks of rain,the mopaneworms cling to mopane trees in ruralGwanda,an arid cattle-ranching area insouthern Zimbabwe. Amanda Ncube nor-mally fetches ﬁrewood to sell and looksafter the family cattle,but when it’sworm-harvesting season she joins otherwomen and a few men in collecting theworms and piling them into buckets. Theworms are as long as a hand and as thick as a cigar. Ncube carefully plucks themfrom the lower branches before climbingpartway up the tree to shake off the high-er worms. The more stubborn ones arepried loose with a long stick.The worms excrete a brown liquid oncethey make contact with skin,leaving thepickers’hands wet and slippery. As theyharvest the worms,the women and menmove from one tree to another until theirbuckets are full. A thick slimy green ﬂuidcomes out as Ncube carefully squeezesout the entrails from a mopane worm shehas just plucked from a tree. During har-vest season,the porches of mud-walledhomes are covered with thousands of worms,laid out to dry in the hot sun.
4 10 23 24 44 23