Silica ratio = SiO2 / Al2O3+ Fe2O3 normally 1.9 -3.2(optimum: 2.2 -2.6)
Silica ratio characterizes the ratio solid / liquid i.e., Theamount of liquid phases in the clinker.
Alumina ratio = Al2O3 / Fe2O3 , normally 1.5 -2.5
Alumina ratio characterizes the composition of the melt and itsviscosity in the clinker.Low AR ( < 1.5 ) increases the Fe2O3 content, decreases the viscosityand increases the infiltration of liquid, deep into the brick
Silicic acid ratio, SAR = SiO2 / Al2O3, normally 2.5 -3.5