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Ending the recruitment and use of child soldiers in Myanmar

Ending the recruitment and use of child soldiers in Myanmar

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Published by Jutta Pflueg
JANUARY 2013 CHILD SOLDIER INTERNATIONAL-"This report shows that despite nearly a decade of international engagement and the June 2012 signing of a Joint Action Plan to end the recruitment and use of children between the Myanmar government and the UN, children continue to be recruited and used as soldiers by the Tatmadaw Kyi (Myanmar army) and the Border Guard Forces (BGFs) in the country. Some releases of children have taken place from the Tatmadaw Kyi but as yet no programs are in place to verify the presence of children in BGFs. Children are also formally and informally associated with the Karen National Union/Karen National Liberation Army (KNU/KNLA) and the Democratic Karen Benevolent Army (DKBA), two armed groups on which research has been conducted for this report. The report recommends that international assistance provided to Myanmar needs to mainstream the prevention of recruitment of children and their use in hostilities by ensuring that recruitment procedures used by the Myanmar army and the BGF are strengthened and effective age verification measures introduced. The report urges the Myanmar Peace Centre (set up by the government with the support of the international community) to ensure that protection of children is made an integral part of on-going negotiations with armed groups. Independent access by the UN and other agencies is vital to ensure the verification and release of children from the ranks of the groups."
JANUARY 2013 CHILD SOLDIER INTERNATIONAL-"This report shows that despite nearly a decade of international engagement and the June 2012 signing of a Joint Action Plan to end the recruitment and use of children between the Myanmar government and the UN, children continue to be recruited and used as soldiers by the Tatmadaw Kyi (Myanmar army) and the Border Guard Forces (BGFs) in the country. Some releases of children have taken place from the Tatmadaw Kyi but as yet no programs are in place to verify the presence of children in BGFs. Children are also formally and informally associated with the Karen National Union/Karen National Liberation Army (KNU/KNLA) and the Democratic Karen Benevolent Army (DKBA), two armed groups on which research has been conducted for this report. The report recommends that international assistance provided to Myanmar needs to mainstream the prevention of recruitment of children and their use in hostilities by ensuring that recruitment procedures used by the Myanmar army and the BGF are strengthened and effective age verification measures introduced. The report urges the Myanmar Peace Centre (set up by the government with the support of the international community) to ensure that protection of children is made an integral part of on-going negotiations with armed groups. Independent access by the UN and other agencies is vital to ensure the verification and release of children from the ranks of the groups."

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Published by: Jutta Pflueg on Jan 28, 2013
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Chance for change
Ending the recruitment and useof child soldiers in MyanmarJanuary 2013
 
Child Soldiers International9 Marshalsea RoadLondon SE1 1EPUnited KingdomTel: +44 (0) 20 7367 4110Fax: +44 (0) 20 7367 4129info@child-soldiers.orgDirector: Richard ClarkeFront cover photo:
© 2013, 22 Nov 2006, James Robert Fuller 
 
Child Soldiers International was formerly the
Coalition to Stop the use of Child Soldiers
.Child Soldiers International is an international human rights research and advocacy organisationseeking to end and prevent the military recruitment and use in hostilities of child soldiers (boysand girls below the age of 18), and other human rights abuses resulting from their association witharmed forces or groups. It seeks the release of child soldiers from armed forces or groups, pro-motes their successful return to civilian life and accountability for those who recruit and use them.Child Soldiers International promotes global adherence to the Optional Protocol to the Conventionon the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict.
www.child-soldiers.org
Child Soldiers International’s logo is registered under No.2623797 on the Trade Marks Registry.
 
Who are child soldiers?
Child Soldiers International considers the term child soldier to be equivalentto the following description of children associated with armed forces or groups:
A child associated with an armed force or armed group refers to any person below 18 years of age who is, or who has been, recruited or used by an armed force or armed group in any capacity, including but not limited to children, boys and girls, used as fighters, cooks, porters,spies or for sexual purposes. It does not only refer to a child who is taking, or has taken, a direct part in hostilities.
 
 
 
CHANCE FOR CHANGE:Ending the recruitment and use of child soldiers in MyanmarContents

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