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Wildlife Fact File - Mammals - Pgs. 81-90

Wildlife Fact File - Mammals - Pgs. 81-90

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Published by ClearMind84
Indian Gray Mongoose, Honey Possum, Pygmy Hippopotamus, Musk Ox, Leopard Seal, Gray Seal, Caracal, Greater Bilby, Aardvark, Thomson's Gazelle
Indian Gray Mongoose, Honey Possum, Pygmy Hippopotamus, Musk Ox, Leopard Seal, Gray Seal, Caracal, Greater Bilby, Aardvark, Thomson's Gazelle

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Published by: ClearMind84 on Jan 28, 2013
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08/17/2013

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~
RD81
INDIAN
GRAY
MONGOOSE
'"
,
ORDER
",
FAMILY
""'lIII
Viverridae
GROUP 1:MAMMALS
...
GENUS
&
SPECIES
"'IlIIII
Carnivora
"'IlIIII
Herpestes
edwardsi
The
Indian gray mongoose
is
one
of
the few animals
that
can survive
a
cobra attack, which makes
it
one
of
thedeadly snake's few predators. Still, the mongoose generally
____
L
____
.L
___
L
_____
••
______
J
___
J
__________
______
_
'\J
KEYF
ACTS
~
SIZES
l£J
Length
of
body:
17
in
.Tail
length:
15 in.
Weight:
3 lbBREEDINGSexual
maturity:
2
years.
Mating:
Takes
placeatanytime
of
the year.Gestation: 60 days.No.
of
young:
2-4.
LIFESTYLE
Habit:Solitary
diurnal
(daytime)hunter.Diet:Mostlysmall mammals likebirds and lizards;
also
snakes
andtheireggsandsomeinsects. Lifespan:Up
to
10
years
.
RELATED
SPECIES
The family
of
viverridae
includesgenets, civets, and linsangs.Thedwarf mongoose of Ethiopia
is
only1 7 in.long from head to
tip of
tail.The African civet
is
the largest,with abody
33
in.long.
Range
of the
Indian gray
mongoose
.
DISTRIBUTIONFound in India,
Sri
Lanka, Madagascar, the
Middle
East,
andNepal. Other species
are
found
in
the
Far East,
Africa, southern Spain, and Portugal.CONSERVATION
Of
the
31
species
of
mongoose, the spotted linsang
is
theonly species in danger
of
extinction. Four
of
the Madagascanspecies
are
now
threatened by destruction
of
their habitat.
INDIAN
GRAY MONGOOSE FIGHTINGA COBRA
Fur:
The
mongoose's
dense
fur
protects
it
from
the
cobra
's
venomousfangs
(right).Bite:
The
mon-
goose
kills
thesnake
by
biting
theback
ofits
head
.
It
then eatsthe
cobra,
starting
at
the
head
(right)
.
'O
MCMXCI
IMP BV
/IMPINCWILDLIFE FACT FILE
TM
PRINTED
IN
U.S.A.
Stamina:
The
mongoose overcomes
the cobra
with its great
endurance
(above)
.
0160200161PACKET
16
 
The Indian gray mongoose hasspeckled gray
fur
and
a
long, bushy tail
that
itcarries behind it
in
a
straight line when walkingon all four paws. When the mongoose confronts anenemy such as the cobra, it sits on its haunches
and
stretches its body
to
its
full
height
to
look more menacing.
~
HABITS
Although the Indian graymongoose spends most of itstime on the ground, it
can
climb walls and trees
as
well
as
a monkey.The mongoose
canalso
run backward in a straightline for short distances.
By
roIling into a ball and
jumping
up on
its
hind
legs,
it
can
leaphigh into the air.The mongoose
is
activeduring the day, when it hunts.At
night it
sleeps
on theground
in
a termite nest or
in
a den that
it
digs itself. It
is
found
in
open country and inthe lightly wooded
areas
of
its
range.
~~~n:~s~s
~a~~~~o~
~
I
unlike most mammals, whichhave only partial color vision.• A mongoose cracks eggsopen by standing
with
itsback
to
a wall and
throwing
the eggs under its body andbetween its back legs
so
that
the eggs break against thewall.• Indian gray mongooses
are
often kept
as
pets
to
keephouses free from
rats
andother pests.• The mongoose
closes
itsouter ear when hunting insoil
to
keep
out dirt
andwater.
Above:
The
mongoose
is
a
fast
and
agile hunter.
It
is
alwayswatchful for prey.
~
FOOD
&:
HUNTING
The mongoose
is
a skillful hunter that actively
searches
for preyby using its strong
senses
ofsmell and sight. It
eats
C!nything
it
can
catch.The Indian gray mongoosecommonly
eats
small mammals
such
as
rats,
as
well
as
eggs anda variety of insects, includingthe scorpion. The mongoosesniffs the ground and turnsover rocks and stones
in
its
search
for prey. If the animaltries
to
flee, the mongoose
chases
it. It kills its prey whilethey
are
both running
by
delivering a bite
to
the neck orhead. Although the mongoose
eats snakes,
including the poisonous cobra
(see
back cover),the main part of its diet consists
of
small animals
that
live on
or
under the ground.
Right:
A snake falls prey
to a
mongoose.
~
BREEDING
Although the gray mongoose
is
widespread, little
is
known
of
its breeding habits
in
the wild.Males and females
are
solitaryexcept during the mating
sea
son. After mating, each pairseparates, and the male oftenmates
with
other females.Two months after mating,
twoto
four young
are
born ina well-hidden nest on theground. If predators
or
intrud
ers
threaten, the mother
mon-
goose carries her young
in
her
mouth
to safety.The newborn mongooses arelightly covered
with
hair,
but
they
are
blind for the first fewdays. They
are
suckled forseveral weeks. The youngdevelop quickly and soonaccompany their
mother
onhunting trips, where
she
teaches them
how
to
hunt
for themselves. Once they
Above:
A female teaches
hunting
skills
to
her young.
become skillful hunters, theyleave
to
establish their ownterritories.
 
HONEY
POSSUM
~
ORDER
Morsupiolio
FAMILY
T
rsipedidoe
__
;:,
;;;
RO
;:;...
UP
1:
MAMMA
LS
.,.
GENUS
&
SPECIES
~
Torsipes ro
s
trotus
The
honey possum
is
a
tiny marsupial
that
feeds
at
night
on a
diet
of
nectar
and
pollen.
It
is
'
about
the size
of
a
mouse
and
has
a
long, pointed snout and brush-tipped tongue.
KEY
FACTS
SIZES
Length: Mal
es,
2
1/2-
31
/2
in
.;tail, 2
3
/4
-4
in
.
Femal
es slightly larger
Weight:
Males, about
14
oz.Female
s slightlymore. BREEDINGSexual
maturity
:
6
months.
Mating:
Year-round.Gestation:
About
1
month
.No.
ofyoung:
Usually
2
or
3,
occasionally
4.
LIFESTYLE
Habit: Nocturnal.Sociable,
with
overlapping ranges. Females can
be
aggressive toward strangers,especially males.Call: High-pitched squeaks.Diet: Nectar and pollen.Lifespan:
1-2
years
in
the wild.
RELATED
SPECIES
The honey possum
is
the onlymember
of
the family
Torsipedidoe
and
has
no close relatives.
Range of
the honey
possum.
DISTRIBUTIONT
he
honeypossumisfoundin patches ofuncultivated land and
low
open woodlan
ds
insout
hw
estern Aust
ra
lia
.CONSERVATIONT
he
honey possum
is
not
cu
rrently athreatened
spe
ci
es
.Butits
speci
aliz
ed
habitatneeds mayput
it
at
ri
sk
from land
cle
arance and the resulting burning ofcleared land.
FEATURES OF THE
HONEY
POSSUM
Tail:
Longer
than bodyand
prehensile
(able to
grasp)
,
it
supports
the
honey possum
's
body
as
it
climbs
branches
.
vMCM
XC
I IMP BVII
MP
IN
CWILDLIFE FACT FI
LE
TM
Body:
Tin
y
and
light
we
ght
,so
hehoney
possum
c
an
c
limb out onto
PRINTED
IN
U.S.A. 0160200321PACKET
32

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