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Wildlife Fact File - Birds - 71-80

Wildlife Fact File - Birds - 71-80

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Published by ClearMind84
Common Buzzard, Black-Capped Lory, Egyptian Vulture, Chaffinch, Emu, Old World White Pelican, Trumpeter Swan, Vulturine Guineafowl, Great White Egret, European Kestrel
Common Buzzard, Black-Capped Lory, Egyptian Vulture, Chaffinch, Emu, Old World White Pelican, Trumpeter Swan, Vulturine Guineafowl, Great White Egret, European Kestrel

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Published by: ClearMind84 on Jan 28, 2013
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COMMON
BUZZARD
, , ~ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
~
ORDERFAMILY
FalconiformesAccipitridae
GENUS
fit
SPECIES
Buteo buteo
The
common
buzzard
is
one
of
the
most
abundant birds
of
prey
in
Europe
and
northern Asia. It can
adapt
readily
to
changinghabitats
and
different food sources.
KEY
FACTS
------------------------------------------------------~
SIZES
Length:
Almost 2 ft.
Wingspan:
3
~-4
ft.
Weight:
1-3
lb.
BREEDINGSexualmaturity:
Usually
2
years.
Breeding
season:
Late
March
to
early
July
.
No
.
of
broods:
1
Eggs:
2-4,
white
or
white
with
brown blotches.
Incubation:
4~
to
5~
weeks.
Fledgingperiod:
7-8
weeks.
LIFESTYLE
Habit:
Solitary
or
paired.Typicallyhunts alone.
Diet:
Small mammals, birds,reptiles, amphibians, large insects,and earthworms.
Lifespan:
Usually 6-8
years.
RELATED
SPECIES
There
are
24
species
of
buzzard
in
the genus
Buteo.
Summer
only.
DISTRIBUTION
Much
of
Europe and northern
Asia,
from Portugal east
to
Russia,Asia
Minor, and anarrowbelt of land from Siberia
to
Japan. Also
Atlantic islands off West Africa.
CONSERVATION
The buzzard suffered whenrabbits,its main prey, were killedby a vi
ral
disease
called myxomatosis. Although the buzzard
has
recovered,its numbers
are
declining in some
areas.
A COMPARISON
WITH
THE HONEY BUZZARD
Common buzzard:
Plumage
ranges
from mostly
pale to
verydarkor
any
tone
between these
two
extremes.
©
MCMXCI IMP BV/IMP INC WILDLIFE FACT FILE
TM
Honeybuzzard
:
Plumage
varies
.
Tail bar pat
terning
is
usually
uneven
.
PRINTED
IN
U.S.A.
Commonbuzzard:
Heavy
and
rounded
head
with brown plum
age
.
Strong
black-and-yellow
bill.
Honeybuzzard:
Lean,
protruding
head
withgray plumage.
Weak
looking
gray-and-yellow bill.
0160200361 PACKET36
 
The
common
buzzard
likes
to
hunt
over opencountry, although
it
breeds in woodlands.
It
uses
diverse methods
to
catch
a
variety
of
prey,from rabbits
to
insects. In
flight
it
resemblesthe much larger golden eagle.
~
HABITS
The
common
buzzard glides
and
soars with ease.
It
spends
hours circling
above
in
searchof prey.
Its
flight also serves
toannounce
its
ownership
ofa particular territory.
When
soaring,
the
bird'swings
bow upward
in
a shallow V
shape.The
primary
(wingtip) feathers are held
wideapart
like large fingers,
and
the
tail
is
broadly
fanned,which
helps provide maxi
mum
lift
in
rising air currents.The
besttime
for
the
buzzard
to soar
is
at
midday
duringspring
and
summer, when
the
updraft
is
strongest.When
it glides,
the common
buzzard holds its
wings
flat
or
slightly
upturned
and
directs
their
tips backward.Between glides
andon
takeoff, it usually
beats
its wingsshallowly
and
stiffly.
~
FOOD
&
FEEDING
Although it looks
like
a smalleagle,
the common
buzzardrarely
kills
large prey. Instead,it feeds mainly
on
small
mam
mals
such
as rabbits, rats,voles,
and
mice. But
the
buzzard
adapts
readily
to what
ever prey
is
available.
It
alsopreys
on young or weak
birds, lizards, snakes, frogs,big insects,
and earthworms,
and
it feeds
on
carrion
or
the
flesh of
dead
animals.The
common
buzzard usesa
range
of
hunting
styles.
It
soars
or
glides
over
largeareas
searching
for
the
slight
est
movementthat
betrays
the
presence
of prey below.
By
flying into an updraft,
the
buzzard
can
hover,
gently
fanning its wings
to
remain
almost
motionless.
It
alsosearches
the ground meth
odically by flying
repeatedly
~
BREEDING
The
buzzard's
territory variesfrom
about
a
quarter
to
ahalf a
square
mile. The male
defends
this area
in
earlyspring before
theeggs
arelaid,
in
early
fall
when
chicksare
in
the
nest,
and
in
late
fall
after
the
young
have be
come independent.
Buzzards generally
mate
for
life.
Courtship
involves a dramatic display. The pair soar
around eachother
in
tight
circles giving a loud, ringingcall. The male may carry a
branch or prey
in
his
talons.
left:
The
common buzzard'seyesight
is
about
eight timeskeener than a human's.
over
thesame
patch of land.A
common
tactic
is
for
the
buzzard
to
perch on a rock
or
post for a while until it sightsprey.
It
then
drops
down
withhalf-closed wings
to
seize
its
After
mating, the
pairbuilds a nest, usually high
in
a
tree
but
sometimeson
acliff. Up
to
three
feet across,
the
nest
is
made
of largesticks, twigs,
andother
avail
able
materials
and
lined with
green
foliage.The pair
may
build a
new nest each
year
or
reuse
the
same
one.The female carries
out
most
of
the
incubation
and then
cares for
her downy
whitechicks almost continuouslyuntil
they
are
two
weeks old.During this
time the
malebrings food. The female eats
some and
tears
upthe
rest for
her
noisy
young.
Above:
A dark
rabbit
against asnowy field
is
an
easy
target.
victim. The buzzard may alsowalk
ontheground
looking for
earthworms or
insects.Soon
both parents
musthunt
to
satisfy
the
large ap
petites of
the
chicks.Until
they
are
about
four
weeks
old,
the
young
cannot
tearup food
for
themselves.
A chick makes its first flight
at age
seven
to
eight weeks
DID
YOU
KNOW?
• Many
people on vacation
in
Scotland
think
they
haveseen
a
golden eagle
when
they
spot
a
common
buzzard.
Amused
locals
havecoined
the name
"tourist'seagle"
for
the common
buzzard.
When
contesting
prey
witha rival,
the
buzzard
may
use avariety of displays
to
avoid apotentially fatal fight.
It
may
assume
the
"angel"
posture
U
f a bird defending a carcass,with its wings
spread
behindits back.
Or
it
may
adopt
a
but
remains with its
parents
for
another
six
to
eight
weekslearning
to
hunt. The young
buzzard
is
nomadic
until itestablishes its
own
territory.
Below:
Young chicks are
fed
regularly by both parents
and
stay
with
them for four months.
submissive
pose-lying
motionless
on one
side with awing raised
in
defeat.• A buzzard's territory ex
tends
vertically as high as
800
feet
above ground.
Below this height, intrudersare attacked
or
chased away,
but above
it birds may soar
unharmed.
• The American bird of prey
Cathartes aura
is
sometimescalled
the
turkey buzzard.But it
is
not
related
to thecommon
buzzard.
Its
correct
name
is
the
turkey
vulture.
_____
 
BLACK-CAPPED LORY
ORDER
Psittaciformes
FAMILY
Loridae
GENUS
&
SPECIES
Lorius
lory
The
black -capped lory inhabits the tropical rainforests
of
thewestern Pacific Ocean.
This
colorful parrot rarely approachesthe ground, preferring the tops
of
tall trees instead.
KEY
FACTS
SIZES
Length:
1 ft.
Wingspan:
2
ft
.
Weight:
5-7 oz.BREEDINGSexual
maturity:
2-3
years.
Breeding
season: April
to
September in captivity.
No.
of
broods:
1-2.
Eggs:
2.
Incubation: About
24 days.
LIFESTYLE
Habit:
Lives
singly
or
in pairs. Oftenfeeds in groups.
Diet:
Flowers, fruits, insects,nectar, pollen, and
seeds.
Lifespan: 8-10 years in captivity.RELATED
SPECIES
There are 8 species
of
loryincluding
the
chattering lory,
Lorius
garrulus garrulus,
and thepurple-capped lory,
L.
domicellus
.
Range of
the
black-cappedlory.
DISTRIBUTIONFound in
the undisturbed
parts
of
rainforestsin
New
Guinea.Also
found on
someislands inSarera Bayandin
the Gulfof
Papua.CONSERVATIONThe main
threat to the
black-capped
lory
is
the
destruction
of
its natural
habitat.
The species does
not
easily
adapt to
replanted forests.
FEATURESOF
THE
BLACK-CAPPED
LORY
Short
and
rounded
tail
is
characteris-
.
tic
of
the
smalllory
species
.
trl
MCMXCI IMP BV/IMP INC WILDLIFE FACT FILE
TM
Two
forward-pointing
and
two backward-pointing
toes
provide securegrip
on
a
branch. Uses
its
feet
to
bring food
upto
its
beak.
PRINTED
IN
U.S.A.
Well adapted to
livinq
in
trees,like
mostparrots
.
Uses
its
feet
and
bill
for
climbing
and
feeding.
Tongue:
Probes
flowers
for
food
.
Tiny
papillae
(bumps)
becomeraised
during
feeding
and
brush
off
pollen
and
nectar.
0160200271 PACKET 27

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