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Merits of Sha'ban

Merits of Sha'ban

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Published by SubhanAllah1
Merits of Sha'ban
Merits of Sha'ban

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Published by: SubhanAllah1 on Jan 28, 2013
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Merits of Sha`ban
The scholars say that the linguisc root of the word Sha`ban is a branch, because the month of Sha`ban “branches off” and leads on to many good things. It acts as a bridge between the twoblessed months of Rajab and Ramadan. In spite of this, it is o?en neglected. The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) alerted us to this fact when he was asked whyhe was fasng so much in Sha`ban. He replied: “It is a month that people neglect, betweenRajab and Ramadan. It is a month in which acons are raised to the Lord of the Worlds and Ilove for my acons to be raised while I am fasng.”
1
 What is meant by
ac:ons being raised
 The scholars say it is a symbolic displaying of our aconsto Allah. Of course Allah is All‐Seeing, All‐Knowing and does not need for our acons to bedisplayed to Him as He is constantly aware of them. However if the slave is not aware of Allah’sconstant vigilance then he should at least strive to do good acons at mes when his acons aredisplayed to Allah. If he is able to gain Allah’s pleasure at these mes then he hopes that Allahwill overlook his wrongdoings and shortcomings at other mes. There is a daily display a?er Fajrand `Asr, and a weekly display on Monday and Thursday, and a yearly display, which takes placein the month of Sha`ban. The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) waskeen to do good works at all these mes and was keen for his Ummah to do the same.One of the greatest works we can do in Sha`ban is
fas:ng
, and this is what the Prophet (mayAllah bless him and grant him peace) loved to be doing when his acons were raised, onMonday and Thursday and also during Sha`ban. Sayyidah `A’ishah said of the Prophet (may Allahbless him and grant him peace): “I did not see him fasng in any month more than Sha`ban.”
2
She also said: “The month which he loved to fast the most was Sha`ban.”
3
Both hadith of courserefer to voluntary fasng outside of Ramadan. Some hadith suggest that he would fast thewhole of Sha`ban, although there is perhaps more evidence to suggest that he would fast mostof the month and leave a few days. In another hadith he said (may Allah bless him and grant himpeace), in response once again to a queson about his fasng in Sha`ban: “In this month thosewho are desned to die are recorded for the Angel of Death. I love for my name to be recordedwhen I am fasng.”
4
One of the wisdoms behind the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace)fasng abundantly in Sha`ban is menoned by Sayyidah `A’ishah, who said that in Sha`ban hewould make up any voluntary fasts that he had missed during the course of the year.
5
 At thisme she would fast with him to make up any of the fasts that she had missed in Ramadan.
61
Narrated by Ahmad and al‐Nasa’i
2
Narrated by al‐Bukhari and Muslim
3
Narrated by al‐Nasa’i
4
Narrated by al‐Haythami
 
From this we learn the importance of making up supererogatory acons which we areaccustomed to performing and also the necessity of making up any days of Ramadan which wehave missed before Ramadan comes round again. The scholars also menon that fasng inSha`ban before Ramadan resembles praying the supererogatory prayers which come before theobligatory prayer, while fasng in Shawwal a?er Ramadan resembles praying thesupererogatory prayers which come a?er the obligatory prayer. Performing supererogatoryacons makes up for any deficiencies in the obligatory acons that we have performed.In spite of all this the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) also said: “When thefirst half of Sha`ban is finished do not fast.”
7
The scholars of the Shafi`i school understood thatthis hadith prohibits voluntary fasng in the second half of Sha’ban, except in certaincircumstances.
8
The other schools, however, say that there is no prohibion on fasng in thesecond half of the month but say that it is disliked to fast a day or two before Ramadan.We have menoned much detail on fasng and this is due to the sheer number of narraons onthe subject. Even if we can just fast the “White Days”
9
or any three days this would have a greateffect. In general we should do any acon, inward or outward, great or small, that we wouldlove to be raised to Allah.Other than fasng, it is recommended to
send abundant blessings and peace upon the Belovedof Allah
(may Allah bless him and grant him peace). It was in this month that Allah revealed:
﴿ ﱡ 
 
 X 
 
 X ﱠ 
 
 X
 
 c  a a
 
 f
 
 ﱡ X
 
 Y ` X
 
 X  U
 
 ﱠ  Y X
 
 _ Z  _ 
 Allah and His angels send their blessings upon the Prophet. O you who believe send blessingsand peace upon him in abundance! 
5
Such as fasng Monday and Thursday and three days in every month, which he may have been unable toperform due to expedions and illness
6
Narrated by al‐Tabarani
7
Narrated by al‐Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah, al‐Hakim and Ibn Hibban
8
Such as if someone begins fasng in the first half of the month and connues his fast into the secondhalf or if someone regularly fasted on a Monday throughout the year. In these situaons it is permissibleto fast in the second half of the month. A make up fast (
qada’ 
) is of course permissible, as this discussiononly revolves around voluntary fasng.
9
The “White Days” are the days which follow nights in which the moon is full, namely the 13
th
, 14
th
and15
th
days of each lunar month. The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace)encouraged his Companions to fast three days in every month and to fast these days specifically. The 15
th
day is regarded as being in the first half of the month and thus there is no prohibion in the Shafi`i schoolon fasng it in Sha`ban.
10
 
 Al‐Ahzab,
33:56

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