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Sidi Abd al-Rahman al-Fassi al-Fihri (d.1036 I.E)

Sidi Abd al-Rahman al-Fassi al-Fihri (d.1036 I.E)

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Published by SubhanAllah1
Biographical notice on Sidi ‘Abd ar-Rahman Al Fassi rh.
Biographical notice on Sidi ‘Abd ar-Rahman Al Fassi rh.

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: SubhanAllah1 on Jan 28, 2013
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04/26/2013

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ʿAbd al-Raḥmān b. Muḥammad al-Fāsī al-Fihrī (d.1036 I.E.)
Sīdī ʿAbd al-Raḥman was born on Sunday 19
th
 
Muḥarram
972 I.E. in
al-Qaṣr al-Kabīr 
1
.Hisfather died when he was still being weaned from his mother. He was raised in the homeof his elder brother Sīdī Yus
ū
f. He entered the Qurʾānic School with his cousin Ab
ū
al-ʿAbbās Aḥmad and they both studied the basics of Islamic Law and Grammar at an earlyage alongside their memorisation of the Holy Quran. In 968 I.E., his brother Sīdī Yus
ū
sent both boys to Fez to study under the scholars of their time. They both benefitedhugely from their time there. Sīdī ʿAbd al-Raḥman never left the side of a scholarnamed al-Qaṣṣār until he was given a general permission to teach all the sciences hehad studied under him. His teacher used to speak of him highly. He also studied manydisciplines with his elder brother Sīdī Yus
ūf such as Qur
ʾ
ānic exegesis, PropheticTraditions and Sufism
. Sīdī Yus
ū
f opened up his brother’s soul to the inner realties andconnected him to his Lord. After he had tasted the fruits of the path, he gave up histime to the study of Sufism alone. He was a true erudite having mastered grammar,language, jurisprudence and its principles, theology, logic and much more. He wasknown to say, “When reading the book of Bukhārī, Muslim or
Muwaṭṭaʾ
, I have no needto refer to any other source but Qādī ʿIyāḍ’s ‘
Mashāriq al-Anwār 
’ (a book used to clarifyvague and rare words in hadīth literature). As far as the meaning of any of theprophetic traditions, I have need of no-one.”He spent all his time in Fez teaching the exegesis of Quran and the sound books of prophetic traditions. Muḥammad b. ʿAbd Allāh would read aloud the book in hislessons. Then after he had passed away, his brother’s grandson ʿAbd al-Qādir al-Fāsī 
2
took over the responsibility.He produced many beneficial works such as his commentary on
 Jalālayn
,
Bukhārī 
,
San
ūsiyyah
,
al-Mukhta
 ṣar 
of Khalīl,
Dalāʾil al-Khayrāt 
,
al-Ḥizb al-Kabīr 
of Imām ash-Shādhilī, and
S
ūrah al-Fāti
ḥah
.When he was young he met Sīdī ʿAbd al-Raḥmān al-Majd
ūb and he sat him on his thighand fed him a piece of meat. He also took from Sidī Ri
ḍwān al-Jinwī.
3
He was the one toinherit the teachings of his brother as testified to by Sīdī Muḥammad b. ʿAbd Allāh. He
1
A city in the central-north of Morocco still present today
2
ʿAbd al-Qādir al-Fāsī (d. 1091) One of the greatest scholars of his time. Born and raised in
al-Qaṣr al-Kabir 
,he studied Qurʾān, Arabic, Law and the Science of Prophetic Tradition with his father at a very young age.Later on he moved to Fez and stayed in the
Madrasha Miṣbāḥiyyah
facing the
Qarawiyyīn
where he was tostudy for years to come with some of the greatest scholars of his time such as the famed ʿAbd al-Wāḥidibn ʿĀshir. After his studies he set off to return back to his home city but soon on the road he was robbedby thieves. When he returned, his uncle told him that this was a sign that he should stay in Fez. Fromthen on, students from all over Morocco would come to sit at his feet and take from his knowledge. Hewas a man of great abstinence. He refused to accept the gifts of people and he made his living writing outcopies of Saḥiḥ al-Bukhārī and selling them to the people. He took the order from his great uncle ʿAbd ar-Raḥmān but when he passed away he took from his successor Muḥammad b. ʿAbd Allāh. He is most well-known for his answers to various questions related to Islamic Law (
al-Asʾilah aṣ-Ṣughrā wa al-Kubrā
) He isburied in the
 zāwiyah
and mosque where he used to teach in the Raṣīf District of Fez.

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