The Number of Words and Letters in Al-Fatihah
The scholars say that Al-Fatihah consists of twenty-five words,and that it contains one hundred and thirteen letters.
The Reason it is called Umm Al-Kitab
In the beginning of the Book of Tafsir, in his Sahih, Al-Bukharisaid;"It is called
, because the Qur'an startswith it and because the prayer is started by reciting it.''It was also said that it is called
, becauseit contains the meanings of the entire Qur'an.Ibn Jarir said,"The Arabs call every comprehensive matter thatcontains several specific areas an
. Forinstance, they call the skin that surrounds the brain,
. They also call the flag that gathersthe ranks of the army an
.''He also said,"Makkah was called
, (the Mother of the Villages) because it is the grandest and theleader of all villages.It was also said that the earth was made starting fromMakkah.''Further, Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Hurayrah narratedabout
that the Prophet said,
, the seven repeated (verses) andthe Glorious Qur'an.