Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
1Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Wildlife Fact File - Birds - Pgs. 151-160

Wildlife Fact File - Birds - Pgs. 151-160

Ratings: (0)|Views: 34 |Likes:
Published by ClearMind84
Bateleur Eagle, Yellow Honeyeater, Green Wood-Hoopoe, Rockhopper Penguin, Chiffchaff, Arctic Tern, Eurasian Bittern, Crested Guineafowl, Guan, Water Rail
Bateleur Eagle, Yellow Honeyeater, Green Wood-Hoopoe, Rockhopper Penguin, Chiffchaff, Arctic Tern, Eurasian Bittern, Crested Guineafowl, Guan, Water Rail

More info:

Published by: ClearMind84 on Jan 28, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

09/19/2013

pdf

text

original

 
BATELEUR EAGLE
,,'-_____________
GROUP 2:BIRDS
ORDER
Falconiformes
FAMILY
Accipitridae
...
GENUS
&:
SPECIES
~
Terathopius ecaudatus
The
bateleur eagle spends up
to
nine hours a day soaring high
in
thesky above Africa.
At
the sight
of
a meal,
it
folds its wings
and
plunges
to
earth, striking its prey a deadly
blow
with its sharp talons.
KEY
F
ACTS
- - - - - - - -
~
.
-~
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ~ 
SIZES
Length:
Head and body,
2
~
-3
ft.
Tail, 3-4 in
Wingspan:
5~
-6
ft.
Weight:
4-7 lb.BREEDINGSexual
maturity:
3 years.Breeding season:
Varies
with
location.
No.
of
eggs: 1.
Fledging
period:
3-3
~
months.LIFESTYLE
Habit:
Aerial predator and scavenger.Diet: Mainly mammals;
also
birds,reptiles, and carrion.Lifespan: 12-15 years.RELATED
SPECIES
The bateleur's African relatives include the brown snake eagle, theblack-breasted snake eagle, andthe southern banded snake eagle.
FEATURES OF
THE
BATELEUR
©
MCMXCIIIMPBV/IMP INC WILDLIFE FACT
FILET
M
Range
of
the bateleur
eagle.
DISTRIBUTIONFound
throughout
sub-Saharan Africa, from Senegal
to
Somaliaand south
to
the eastern Cape Province.CONSERVATIONThe bateleur eagle
is
common
within
itsrange.But habi
tat
loss
and persecution have led
to
a population decline
that
is
especially serious in parts
of
southern Africa.
Flight:
Very
shorttail
feathers
and
teetering
flight
make
the
eagleeasy
to identify
.
Egg:
·
Single
large
egg
;
whitewith
red
speckles
.
Theco
urtship
rit
ual
reveals the
eagl
es 
aerial
s
kills
as
male
and fe
m
ale
chase
.e
ach
otherthrough
theair.
The
maleoften
performsbreathtaking 360-degree rolls
,
while
the female
flies
on
her back
so
they
can
lock
claws
.
PRINTED
IN
U.S.A. 0160200561
PA
CKET56
 
The bateleur eagle
is
one
of
the
most
acrobatic
of
all birds
of
prey.
It
is
capable
of
performingdramatic tumbling
rolls,
breathtaking sideslips,
and
plunging dives.
This
master
of
the air can evencapture birds while it
is
flying
and may
sometimesbadger another eagle into giving up its catch.
~
BREEDING
After a dramatic courtship flight,male and female bateleur
eagles
form a pair bond that generally
lasts
for
life.
The pair constructs
its
nest together in a baobab
or
acacia
tree. Built from strong
sticks,
the nest
spans
two
feetand contains a leaf-lined cupthat
is
ten inches wide.Breeding takes place some
time
between December andJune,
depending
on location.
In
southern Africa, for example,most eggs
are
laid
in
Februaryand March.Thefemale
lays
a single egg,
which both
birds incubate. Themale bateleur plays a greaterrole in incubation
than most
eagles, and the incubation period
is
the
longest
of
any African eagle.The newly hatched eaglet
is
cream and chocolate brown
in
color.
At
first the female takescharge
of
feeding the chick,
but
the male
shares
this chore
with
his
mate
as
the youngster's appetite grows.After three months, the eagletbegins making short trial flights,always returning
to
the safety ofthe nest.
At about
six
monthsof age, the
young
bateleur
is
finally independent and
leaves
the nest permanently.
~
FOOD
&:
HUNTING
The bateleur eagle was
long
considered
more of
a scav
enger
than
apredator. Al
thoughthe
juvenile birdsregularly feed on carrion,recent studies have
shownthat
the
adult
birds also preyon a
wide
range
of
animals.
Mammal
prey includes.rats,mice, hares, galagos, andsmall antelope.
Adult
bateleurs also
hunt
birds such
as
hornbills and guinea fowl,reptiles like
puff
adders and
Left:
The
bate eur eagle oftenlooks for dead fish in dried-uppools
and
streams.
~
HABITAT
The
bateleur eagle spends mostof the day soaring through the
skies.
It can
easily
cover morethan 300 miles between dawnand dusk. The bateleur eagle
ranges
over open savannas
to
dense woodland, from
coastal
plains
to
rocky uplands that
monitor
lizards, and even fish.
In
most instances, the eaglefalls on its prey
from the
sky,killing it
with
a
blowof
its talons. When
it
hunts small
or
slow-moving prey, however,the bateleur eagle may raiseits wings like a parachute anddescend more slowly
with
itsclaws outstretched. Occasionally,
it
captures birds while inflight, and
it
may
also harassanother eagle until the lattergives
up
its catch.
Right:
With its deadly aerialstrike, preying on small rodents
is
easy
for the bateleur eagle.
may be over 13,000 feet high.The eagle usually
rests
and
nests
in a mature tree near asource of water. It also favors
trees
beside roadsides, since theanimals killed on the roads provide a steady supply
of
carrionfor the young
eagles.
Left:
A wideeyed chickwaits in thenest to be
fed.The
adult
maleremains nearby,
watching
for predators.
He
may
"dive
bomb"
an intruder.
Or
he
may
crouch
down and
flaphis wings, faking
injury
in
anattempt
to
di
vert attention
away
from the
nest.
DID
YOU
KNOW?
Bateleur
is
a French
wordthat
can be translated
as
"acrobat,"
"tightrope
walker,"
or"tumbler."
The bateleur's teetering
flight
is
bestcaptured by the
image of
atightrope walker's pole tip-
~
ing
from
side
to
side.• The bateleur eagle
is
a
so-
ciable bird
of
prey
that
maygather
with
other eagles ingroups
of
50
or
more.• The bateleur eagle
can
flyat speeds
of
30
to
50 miles
an
hour
and rarely needs toflap its wings.
~
BATELEUR
EAGLE
&:
MAN
The bateleur eagle
has
traditionally been revered by
the
peoples
of
Africa. Known
to
the
Ngunispeaking tribes
as
ingqungqulu-
the warrior
bird-it
was a symbol of good fortune. The tribesbelieved
that
they
would
bevictorious
in
battle if a bateleureagle.lew over the enemy.European settlers, however,killed many bateleur
eagles,
believing that they preyed onlivestock.
In
addition, westernfarming methods were destructive
to
the eagle's habitat andreduced
its
natural food supply.
Left:
For
thepeople living inits ronge,the
fierce,
noblelooking bateleur eagle cameto represent
a
powerful mystical
force.
 
YELLOW HONEYEATER
\(
__________________________________
GROUP
_
:_BI_
D
_
S
~
ORDER
Passeriformes
FAMILY
Me/iphagidae
GENUS
&
SPECIES
Meliphaga flava
The
yellow honeyeater
and
its relatives are among Australia'sbest-known
and most
sociable birds. They feed
on
nectar andinsects
in
woodlands
and
gardens throughout the country.
~~
KEY
FACTS
SIZE
Length:
6-7 in.BREEDINGSeason:October
to
March.Broods: 1, sometimes 2.Eggs:
2,
white to
pale red.
Incubation:
12-16 days.
Fledging:
10-1 6 days.LIFESTYLE
Habit:
Sociable.
Feeds
in pairs
or
flocks in eucalyptus woodland,
creeks,
rivers, mangroves,
wooded
suburbs, and orchards.Diet: Nectar, insects, spiders, fruit,and berries.
RELATED SPECIES.
There
are
36 species in
the
genus
Meliphaga,
including
the
yellowspotted, yellow-throated, yellowtufted, yellow-faced, and singinghoneyeaters.There are approxi mately 1 70 species
of
honeyeateraltogether.
FEATURES
OF
THE
YELLOW
HONEYEATER
Plumage:
Varied
tones of olive
green
,
yellow
,
or
pale
brown.
©
MCMXCII IMP BV/IMP INC WILDLIFE FACT FILE
TM
Range of
the
yellow
honeyeater and other
Meliphaga
species.
DISTRIBUTIONHoneyeaters
of
the genus
Meliphaga
are found
throughout
Australia,
with
some species
also
in
New
Guinea.Most populations
are
resident.CONSERVATIONThe yellow honeyeater
has
adjusted well
to
humans and theireffects on its habitat. The population
is
currently in no danger.
Bill:
Long
and
pointed
.
Ideally
shaped
for
taking nectar
from flowers.
PRINTED
IN
U.S.A.
OTHER HONEYEATERS
White-lined
honeyeater,
Meliphagaalbilineata
:
Inhabitswooded
Gorges
in
northern
Australia
.
Yellow-throatedhoneyeater,
Meliphaga
flavicollis
:
Thrives
in
varied
habitats
on
Tasmania and
nearby islands
.
Graceful honeyeater,
Meliphaga
gracilis:
A
small speciesthatlives
in
humid
forests
on
Australia
's
Cape
York Peninsula
.
0160200551 PACKET 55

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->