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061 Saff

061 Saff

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Published by: Tawhid 001 on Jan 28, 2013
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04/22/2014

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Tafsir Ibn Kathir
Alama Imad ud Din Ibn Kathir
 
Tafsir ibn Kathir
, is a classic Sunni Islam Tafsir (commentary of the Qur'an) by Imad udDin Ibn Kathir. It is considered to be a summary of the earlier Tafsir al-Tabari. It ispopular because it uses Hadith to explain each verse and chapter of the Qur'an… 
Surah As Saff 
 
The Virtues of Surat As-Saff 
Imam Ahmad recorded that `Abdullah bin Salam said,"We asked, `Who among us should go to the Messenger and ask him aboutthe dearest actions to Allah' None among us volunteered. The Messenger senta man to us and that man gathered us and recited this Surah, SurahAs-Saff, in its entirety.'''
Surah Saff
(The Battle Array)
 
ȸ        
 
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
1. 
-      ȸ      
 
Whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is on the earth glorifies Allah.
      
 
And He is the Almighty, the All-Wise.
 
22. 
      
 
O you who believe! Why do you say that which you do not do
3. 
ȸ    
 
Most hateful it is with Allah that you say that which you do not do.
4. 
 ʮ ʅ   ʏ    ȸ        
 
Verily, Allah loves those who fight in His cause in rows as if they were a solidstructure.
 
Chastising Those Who say what They do not do
We mentioned in many a places before the meaning of Allah's statement,
 -    ȸ         
 
Whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is on the earth glorifies Allah.And He is the Almighty, the All-Wise.Therefore, we do not need to repeat its meaning here.Allah's statement,
     
 
O you who believe!Why do you say that which you do not do?This refutes those who neglect to fulfill their promises.This honorable Ayah supports the view that several scholars of theSalaf held,that it is necessary to fulfill the promise, regardless of whether the promiseincludes some type of wealth for the person receiving the promise orotherwise.They also argue from theSunnah, with the Hadith recorded in the Two Sahihsin which Allah's Messenger said,
     º     ʋ   
 
3
There are three signs for a hypocrite:- when he promises, he breaks his promise;- when speaks, he lies; and- when he is entrusted, he betrays.
 
And in another Hadith in the Sahih,
¯ ʅ  ʅ  ʅ             
There are four characteristics which if one has all of them, he is thepure hypocrite, and if anyone has any of them, he has a characteristicof hypocrisy, until he abandons it.
 
So he mentioned breaking the promise among these fourcharacteristics.We mentioned the meaning of these two Hadiths in the beginning of the explanation of Sahih Al-Bukhari, and to Allah is the praise and thethanks.Therefore Allah implied this meaning, when He continued His admonishmentby saying,
 ȸ    
 
Most hateful it is with Allah that you say that which you do not do.Imam Ahmad and Abu Dawud recorded that Abdullah bin `Amir bin Rabi`ahsaid,"Allah's Messenger came to us while I was a young boy, and I wentout to play. My mother said, `O Abdullah! Come, I want to give yousomething.' Allah's Messenger said to her,
     
What did you want to give him?She said, `Dates.'He said,
       ʋ ʐ     
If you had not given them to him, it would have been written as a liein your record.''Muqatil bin Hayyan said,"The faithful believers said, `If we only knew the dearest good actions toAllah, we would perform them.' Thus, Allah told them about the dearestactions to Him, saying,

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