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085 Buruj

085 Buruj

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Published by: Tawhid 001 on Jan 28, 2013
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04/15/2014

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Tafsir Ibn Kathir
Alama Imad ud Din Ibn Kathir
 
Tafsir ibn Kathir
, is a classic Sunni Islam Tafsir (commentary of the Qur'an) by Imad udDin Ibn Kathir. It is considered to be a summary of the earlier Tafsir al-Tabari. It ispopular because it uses Hadith to explain each verse and chapter of the Qur'an… 
Surah Buruj
 1. 
    
 
By the heaven holding the Buruj.
2. 
   
 
And by by the Promised Day.
3. 
   
 
And by the Witness and by the Witnessed.
4. 
    
 
Cursed were the People of the Ditch.
5. 
   
 
Of fire fed with fuel.
6. 
 ʋ    
 
When they sat by it.
 
27. 
 ʄ      ʋ
 
And they witnessed what they were doing against the believers.
8. 
  ȸ             
 
And they had no fault except that they believed in Allah, the Almighty, Worthy ofall praise!
9. 
-      
 
To Whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth!
  ʅ ʄ ȸ  ʋ
 
And Allah is Witness over everything.
10. 
 ʋ         ʐ    
 
Verily, those who put into trial the believing men and believing women, and thendo not turn in repentance, then they will have the torment of Hell,
ʋ     
 
and they will have the punishment of the burning Fire.
The Explanation of the Promised Day and the Witness and the Witnessed
Allah swears,
 
   
 
By the heaven holding the
Buruj
.Allah says,
   
 
   
 
And by the Promised Day. And by the Witness, and by the Witnessed.
 
3
Ibn Abi Hatim recorded from Abu Hurayrah that the Messenger of Allah said,
      
(And by the Promised Day). This refers to
  
 
   
the Dayof Judgement.And by the
 
Witness, this refers to
  
 
   
Friday,
      ʄ         ʋ öö         
 
öʋ       ®
 
and the sun does not rise or set on a day that is better than Friday.During it there is an hour that no Muslim servant catches while askingAllah from some good except that Allah will give it to him.He does not seek refuge from any evil in it except that Allah willprotect him.And by the
   
Witnessed, this refers to the
    
 
day of Arafah(inHajj).Ibn Khuzaymah also recorded the sameHadith.It has also been recorded as a statement of Abu Hurayrah and it issimilar (to thisHadith).
The Oppression of the People of the Ditch against the Muslims Concerning
Allah's statement,
    
 
Cursed were(Qutila)the People of the Ditch(Ukhdud).
 
meaning, the companions of theUkhdudwere cursed.The plural of UkhdudisAkhadid, which means ditches in the ground. This is information about a group of people who were among thedisbelievers. They went after those among them who believed in Allahand they attempted to force them to give up their religion. However,the believers refused to recant, so they dug a ditch for them in theground. Then they lit a fire in it and prepared some fuel for it in orderto keep it ablaze. Then they tried to convince them (the believers) toapostate from their religion (again), but they still refused them. Sothey threw them into the fire.

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