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Wildlife Fact File - Birds - Pgs. 301-310

Wildlife Fact File - Birds - Pgs. 301-310

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Published by ClearMind84
Baikal Teal, Long-tailed Tit, Gray Butcherbird, Wryneck, Steamer Duck, Crab Plover, Common Quail, Bewick's Swan, Song Thrush, Pied Kingfisher
Baikal Teal, Long-tailed Tit, Gray Butcherbird, Wryneck, Steamer Duck, Crab Plover, Common Quail, Bewick's Swan, Song Thrush, Pied Kingfisher

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Published by: ClearMind84 on Jan 28, 2013
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BAIKAL TEAL
~
ORDER
~
~
Anseriformes
~
FAMILY
Anatidae
GROUP
2:
BIRDS
GENUS&
SPECIES
Anas
formosa
The
Baikal
teal
takes its
name
from Lake Baikal
in
Siberia.
The
bird
breeds
on
the
shores
of
that
lake
and
farther north
to
the deltas
of
Siberian rivers within the Arctic Circle.
KEY
FACTS
'--------
~~
- - ~ - - -
SIZES
Length:
15-17 in.
Wingspan
:
About
2~
ft.
Weight:
About
1
lb.BREEDINGBreeding season:
Mid-May
tomid-July.Eggs:
6-9,
yellowish
white
.
Incubation:
Almost
4
weeks.Fledging
period:
Unknown.
LIFESTYLE
Habit:
Active
by
day and night.Migratory and sociable, living inlarge flocks.Diet: Aquaticvegetationand invertebrates,
grassseeds
.Calls: Male utters deep,clucking
"ruk
ruk ruk
."
Female
has
lowpitched quack.Lifespan: Unknown.
RELATEDSPECIES
It
is
one of the dabbling ducks.
Its
closestrelative
is
thegreen-wingedteal,
Anascrecca
.
Breeding
range
of
the
Baikal teal.
Winter
range
.
DISTRIBUTIONThe breeding grounds are centered onthelower
reaches
of
Siberian rivers, from the
Yenisei River east
to the Anadyr. Themain
winter
populations
are
on floodplain
lakes
in southeasternChina, South Korea, andsouthern
Japan
.CONSERVATIONConservation measures are necessary because the population
of
the
Baikal
teal
has
declinedsharplyin recent decades.
FEATURES OF
THE
BAIKALTEAL
Fl
i
ght:
Fast
w
ingbeats
,
but
no
t
as
fast
as
g
eenwingedteal
'
s.
Drake(m
ale)
:
Han
d
plumage
,
with
a
stri
king
ternofgreen
.
black
.b
uff.
w
hi
te
onthe
face
.
Brown
h r p . ; ~ ~
"'''''_~
contr
ast
sw
ith grayishbody.
r
eddish
brown
,
and
blac eat
MCMXCII
IMP BV
/I
MP
INC WILDLIFE
FACT
FILE'MPRINTED
IN
U.S.A.
Eggs
:6
o
9.
Yellowishwhite
wi
th
olive
tint.
Female
:
Dull
p
lumage
si
milar
tot
ha
t
ofthe
green-winged
te
al
,
but
wi
th
a
distinctive
w
hit
e
spot
oneach
side
at base
of
bill.
0160200981PACKET
98
 
The
Baikal teal was one
of
the
most common
ducks in itsrange earlier
in
this century. But the population has declinedso sharply
that
conservation measures are
now
needed toprotect the species. The teal forms huge, dense
flocks
and
regularly visits land to feed
at
night. Both habits
have
ledto
its
downfall because they make it vulnerable to hunters.
~
HABITAT
The
Baikal
teal lives on ponds,
m a ~ h e ~ a n d r i v e ~ i n s w a m p y 
parts
of
the Siberian
taiga
(coniferous forests). The bird breedsin dense concentrations close
to
ponds along river valleys
in
thenortheast, from the
Yenisei
River
east
to
the Anadyr.
Its
breedingrange extends north
as
far
as
theedge of the tundra and south
to
the north shore
of
Lake
Baikal.The
Baikal
teal winters farthersouth.
It
can be found on
lakes,
marshes, freshwater stretches ofwater, andshelteredcoastal
re-
gionsinsouthern japan, SouthKorea, and southeastern China.Little
is
known
about
many ofthe bird's habits because of itssecretivenatureandremote,
se-
cluded habitat.
Right:
Like
the mallard, the Baikalteal
is
a dabbling duck
that
belongsto the genus
Anas.
~
BREEDING
The
Baikal
teal pairs
up
with amate in its
winter
quartersandreturns
to
its breedinggroundsin late April andearly
May.
This
duck
usually makesa groundnest near water,
hidden
amongscrub or under a
willow
orjuniper bush. Little
is
known
aboutegg laying, incubation, or rear
ing
of the
young
becausetheBaikal teal
is
especiallysecretive
when it
is
nesting.After breeding,
both
parents
molt
(shed
their
feathers).
Like
Left:
The male's facial markings
make
this duck
one
of
the moststriking teal species.
'i
I
other ducks, they
molt
all
theirflight
feathersatonce.During thisvulnerable flightlessperiod,themale Baikal tealacquires adull"eclipse" plumage similarin color
to
the female's normalplumage.This dull colorationreducesthe
risk
that he will bespottedby predators. The malemolts before thefemaledoesand may travelsomedistancenorth
to do
so.
The female
of
ten molts while
she
is
stillraisingher ducklings.
Right:
The Baikal teal
is
threatened
by
overhunting
and
the loss
of
wet
-land habitat.
I__
~
.
"
,
~
.
~
.
"'
\ ~
'
I
rf
~),;.l
.
I
..--
Left: Formosa,
the
name
of
theBaikal teal's spe-
cies
,comes fromthe Latin
word
for
"beautiful.
I
DID
YOU
KNOW?
In
a single day in
1947,
as
many
as
10,000 Baikal tealswere killed
by
just
th
ree japanese hunters.
Russ
i
an
names for
this
duck
are
bubbling teal
and
gurgler.Both names reflect
the
male'sdistinctive call. An
old
name
~
FOOD
&:
FEEDING
The Baikal teal feeds like
other
dabbling ducks.
Dipp
i
ng
its
billunder the water surface, it takesin water along
with
particles
ofplant
and animal
food.It
then
uses
its large
tongue
to
pump
thewater
out
the sides of
its
bill
through
thin
toothlike
ridgescalled
lamellae.
The
Baikal
teal
eats
avariety of
plant
food,
from
grass
seeds
to
leaves of weeds. Italso
eats
in-
is
spectacled teal, referring to
the
facial pattern
of the
male.
Althoughit
is
now
rare, the
Baikal
teal
was
fairly abundantat one
time
.According
to
records, flocks
of
100,000
mem-
bers winteredinjapan earlyinthis century.sects, snails, and other aquaticinvertebrates.
Besides
feeding
in
the
water,
it
seems
to
spendagreat deal of time eating on theshore, feeding on
seeds
and other parts
of
land plants like pop
pies.
Some
Baikal
teals
even eatacorns in woods far from water,and others feed on crops
such
as
soybeans that have spilled fromtrucks
onto
roads. Winter flocksmay visit crop fields.
 
LONG-TAILED
TIT
, , - - - - - ~ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ~ 
~
ORDER
Passeriformes
FAMILY
Aegithalidae
GENUS
&.
SPECIES
Aegithalos caudatus
Despite its name, the long-tailed
tit
is
not
related
to
the
true tits.Like those birds, however,
it
feeds
in
flocks during fall
and
winter,flitting through woodlands in a constant search for insects.
KEYF
AC
TS
SIZES
Length:
Head
and body,
2~
in.
Tail,
3in.
Weight:
About
Y,
oz.BREEDINGSexual
maturity:
1year.Breeding season: March
to
July
.No.
of
broods:
1.Eggs: 7-12; pinkish,spotted.
Incubation:
2 weeks.Fledging
period:
15-16
days.LIFESTYLE
Habit:
Highly sociableyear-round.Active by
day.
Diet: Small insectsandtheireggs and larvae.Some
seeds
.Call: Sharp, high-pitched notes.Lifespan: 8years.
RELATEDSPECIES
There
are
4
other
species
of
longtailed tit, including thesootylongtailedtit,
Aegithalos fuliginosus-
which
is
found in China.
Range of
the
long-tailed
tit
.
DISTRIBUTIONThe long-tailed
tit
breedsin abroad band
acrossEurasia,
fromIrelandandPortugaleastto
Japan,
extendingnorth into
Scan
dinavia andsouth
into
China.Most populations
are
resident,
but
some move
to
warmer
areas
in cold winters.CONSERVATIONThe long-tailed
tit
is
reasonably
common
.But deforestationandthe
loss
ofhedgerows mayaffectnumbersin certain
areas
.
FEATURES OF
THE
LONG-TAILED
Tail: Distinctive
black
feathers
edged
with white.Exceptionally
long-over
half
the
bird's totallength.Dips
upand
down
in
thebird
's
weak,
undulating
flight.
Eggs:
7
to 12
;
pink
ish
white with
tiny,
purplish
red
spots
.
Incubated
by
thefemale.
"MCMXCII IMP
BV
'IMP INCWILDLIFE
FACT
FILE
""
Adult plumage:
Black
and
w
hitewings;pinkishwhite
body.
Whitecrown
flanked
by
bold black bars.Male
and
female
look
alike
.
PRINT
ED
IN U.S.A
Juvenile:
While the young
is
in
thenest,
itstail
is
noticeablyshorter
thanthe
adult's
and
its
plumage
is
duller
w
ith
no
pink feathers.
At
4
or
5w
eeks
of
age
(sho
wn
at
left),
the
juvenile
re
semblesthe
adultwith
the
character-
istic
longtail
feathers
and
a
similar
body
coloring
.
However
,
it
retains
chocolate
bro
wn
cheeks
during its
first
few
months out
of the nest.
NORTHERN
RACE
A.
c.
caudatus
:
A
white
headed
race
occu
rring
in
Scandinavia
.
0160200981PACKET
98

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