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The Negishi Coupling: an Update - Aldrichimica Acta Vol. 38 No. 3

The Negishi Coupling: an Update - Aldrichimica Acta Vol. 38 No. 3

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Palladium-Catalyzed Alkenylation by the Negishi Coupling

Enantiopure Sulfoxides and Sulfinamides: Recent Developments in Their Stereoselective Synthesis and Applications to Asymmetric Synthesis
Palladium-Catalyzed Alkenylation by the Negishi Coupling

Enantiopure Sulfoxides and Sulfinamides: Recent Developments in Their Stereoselective Synthesis and Applications to Asymmetric Synthesis

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Sigma Aldrich Chemistry on Feb 12, 2009
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01/28/2013

 
VOL. 38, NO. 3 • 2005
Enantiopure Sulfoxides and Sulfinamides
THE NEGISHI COUPLING: AN UPDATE
Palladium-Catalyzed Alkenylationby the Negishi Coupling
 
New Products from Aldrich R&D
Please see pages 90–91 for additional new products.
For competitive quotes on larger quantities, contact
www.safcglobal.com
.
The SAFC logo and Inspiring Science are trademarks of Sigma-Aldrich Biotechnology, L.P. Ritalin is a registered trademark of Novartis Corporation.
TRIFLUOROBORATES
Potassium 4-(hydroxymethyl)phenyltrifluoroborate
659762
1 g$24.005 g80.00
Potassium 3-carboxyphenyltrifluoroborate
659789
1 g$24.005 g80.00
Potassium 3,4-(methylenedioxy)phenyltrifluoroborate
659754
1 g$24.005 g80.00
Potassium 3-fluorophenyltrifluoroborate
659770
1 g$24.005 g80.00
Potassium 3-hydroxyphenyltrifluoroborate
659746
1 g$24.005 g80.00
Potassium 4-
tert 
-butylphenyltrifluoroborate, 95%
654728
1 g$14.5010 g81.00
Potassium 2-methoxyphenyltrifluoroborate
654930
1 g$24.005 g80.00
Potassium vinyltrifluoroborate, 95%
655228
1 g$24.005 g80.00
Trifluoroborates are air-stable alternatives to boronic acids in the palladium-catalyzed Suzuki–Miyaura cross-coupling reaction.
1–3
They are more robust,easier to handle, and less prone to protodeboronation.
1
They display aremarkably uniform behavior.
2
(1) Molander, G. A.; Biolatto, B.
 J. Org. Chem.
2003
,
68
, 4302. (2) Molander, G. A. et al.
 J.Org. Chem.
2003
,
68
, 5534. (3) Molander, G. A.; Figueroa, R.
 Aldrichimica Acta
2005
,
 38
, 49.
BUILDING BLOCKS
2,6-Dichloronicotinic acid, 97%
658219
1 g$33.005 g115.00
This pharmaceutical research
1,2
key building block is now available in 97%purity. See
479586
for a technical grade (90%) of this material.
(1) Kelly, T. P. et al.
J. Labelled Compd. Radiopharm.
2001
,
44
, 451. (2) Laeckmann, D. et al.
Bioorg.Med. Chem.
2002
,
10
, 1793.
2-Bromo-1-(
 p
-toluenesulfonyl)pyrrole, 90%
650900
1 g$33.005 g115.00
This product is a stable and easily handled alternative for the labilebromopyrrole, and is an excellent substrate for the Suzuki couplingreaction. The tosyl group is readily cleaved under basic conditions togenerate the 2-arylpyrrole coupling product.
Knight, L. W. et al.
Synlett 
2003
, 1993.
-Boc-piperidine, 98%
655872
5 g$30.0025 g105.00
A wide variety of substituted piperidines can be synthesized from this Boc-protected building block. Lithiation with BuLi leads to substitution at the 2position with aryl, vinyl, and alkynyl halides.
1
Its use in the stereoselectivesynthesis of
D
-
threo
-methylphenidate (Ritalin
®
) and similar substrates hasbeen reported.
2,3
(1) Dieter, R. K.; Li, S. J.
 J. Org. Chem.
1997
,
62
, 7726. (2) Axten, J. M. et al.
 J. Am. Chem. Soc.
1999
,
121
, 6511. (3) Beak, P.; Lee, W. K.
 J. Org. Chem.
1993
,
58
, 1109.
BENZOFURAZANS
Benzofurazan, 97%
650137
1 g$17.5010 g95.00
5-Methoxybenzofurazan, 97%
656925
1 g$26.505 g92.50
5-Chlorobenzofurazan
659118
1 g$24.005 g80.00
Benzofurazans have been utilized as effective fluorescence probe motifs
1
and as medicinal building blocks in the synthesis of antileukemicagents.
2,3
(1) Uchiyama, S. et al.
 J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2
1999
, 2525. (2) Ghosh, P. B.; Whitehouse, M. W.
 J. Med. Chem.
1968
,
11
, 305. (3) Ghosh, P. B.; Whitehouse, M. W.
 J. Med. Chem.
1969
,
12
, 505.
 
69
   V   O   L .   3   8 ,   N   O .   3  •   2   0   0   5
Aldrich Chemical Co., Inc.
6000 N. Teutonia Ave.Milwaukee, WI 53209, USA
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General Correspondence
Editor 
:
Sharbil J. Firsan, Ph.D.P.O. Box 355, Milwaukee, WI 53201, USA
Subscriptions
To request your
FREE
subscription to the
 Aldrichimica Acta
, please contact us by:Phone:
800-325-3010
(USA)Mail:
Attn: MailroomAldrich Chemical Co., Inc.P.O. Box 355Milwaukee, WI 53201-9358
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International customers, please contact your localSigma-Aldrich office. For worldwide contact infor-mation, please see the inside back cover.The
 Aldrichimica Acta
is also available on theInternet at
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.Aldrich brand products are sold through Sigma-Aldrich, Inc. Sigma-Aldrich, Inc., warrants that itsproducts conform to the information contained inthis and other Sigma-Aldrich publications. Purchasermust determine the suitability of the product for itsparticular use. See reverse side of invoice or packingslip for additional terms and conditions of sale.All prices listed in this publication are subject tochange without notice.
 Aldrichimica Acta
(ISSN 0002–5100) is a publicationof Aldrich. Aldrich is a member of the Sigma-Aldrichfamily. © 2005 Sigma-Aldrich Co.
VOL. 38, NO. 3 • 2005
“PLEASE BOTHER US.”
Dr. Annegret Stark of the University of Jena (Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena), Germany, kindlysuggested that we add high-purity ionic liquids (HPIL) to our existing extensive list of ionic liquids.Dr. Stark stated, “In our laboratories, HPILs serve as a benchmark in investigating impurity-dependent effects on reactions.” The low water and halogen content of HPILs renders them moreeffective as solvents in transition-metal-catalyzed reactions.
1–4
(1) Seddon, K. R.; Stark, A.
Green Chem.
2002
,
4
, 119. (2) Dyson, P. J.; Ellis, D. J.; Parker, D. G.; Welton, T.
Chem.Commun.
1999
, 25. (3)
Ionic Liquids in Synthesis
; Wasserscheid, P., Welton, T., Eds.; Wiley-VCH, 2003; p 26. (4)Stark, A.; Ajam, M.; Green, M.; Raubenheimer, H. G.; Ranwell, A.; Ondruschka, B.
 Adv. Synth. Catal.
, submittedfor publication, 2005.
04129 1-Butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride
, 5 g$53.60puriss., dry,
99.0% (AT) 25 g214.30
55509 1-Butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride
, 5 g57.40dry,
99.0% (AT) 25 g229.30
18122 1-Butyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate
, 5 g114.80for catalysis,
98.5% (T) 50 g820.00
39931 1-Butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate
, 5 g105.00for catalysis,
98.5% (T) 50 g315.00
39736 1-Ethyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate
, 5 mL262.00for catalysis,
98.5% (T) 50 mL720.50Naturally, we made these useful solvents. It was no bother at all, just a pleasure to be ableto help.
Do you have a compound that you wish Aldrich could list, and that would help you in your researchby saving you time and money? If so, please send us your suggestion; we will be delighted to giveit careful consideration. You can contact us in any one of the ways shown on this page and onthe inside back cover.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Palladium-Catalyzed Alkenylation by the Negishi Coupling
................................................
71
Ei-ichi Negishi,* Qian Hu, Zhihong Huang, Mingxing Qian, and Guangwei Wang,
Purdue University
Enantiopure Sulfoxides and Sulfinamides: Recent Developments in TheirStereoselective Synthesis and Applications to Asymmetric Synthesis
...............................
93
Chris H. Senanayake,* Dhileepkumar Krishnamurthy, Zhi-Hui Lu, Zhengxu Han, and IsabelleGallou,
Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
ABOUT OUR COVER
Valdemosa, Majorca: Thistles and Herbage on a Hillside
(oil on canvas, 55.8 × 71.1 cm) was painted by the artistJohn Singer Sargent in 1908. Sargent was born in 1856in Florence, Italy, to expatriate American parents. His firstartistic training was in Rome, but he later attended theAccademia delle Belle Arti in Florence, and studied drawingat the École des Beaux-Arts and painting in the studio ofthe portrait painter Charles Carolus-Duran in Paris. In 1877,he began to exhibit in the Salons, the French governmentsanctioned art exhibitions. Sargent copied works by DiegoVelázquez on a trip to Spain in 1879 and by Frans Hals inBelgium and Holland in 1880, an experience that had agreat impact on his artistic development.By the end of the nineteenth century, Sargent had become the most sought-after portraitpainter of his time, but he always felt constrained by the limitations of portrait painting. By theearly twentieth century, his success finally allowed him to free himself almost completely from thepainting of formal portraits. He made annual trips to Spain, Italy, Austria, and Switzerland, and itwas on a trip to the Balearic island of Majorca that he painted this small picture. He had no interestin what he called “enormous views and huge skies”, and chose to concentrate on a small patchof vegetation growing in the earth of a hillside. This painting is not strictly a realistic image, butone which, with its strong formal contrasts, bright colors, and seemingly spontaneous execution,achieves an extraordinary intensity of expression. Confronted with such an immediate response tonature that seems almost spiritual in its intensity, it is easy to understand Sargent’s disdain for theartificiality of the academic portrait painting that had dominated his career for most of his life.
This painting was acquired by the National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, throughthe Avalon Fund and by Gift of Virginia Bailey Brown.
Joe Porwoll, President
Photograph © Board of Trustees, National Galleryof Art, Washington.

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