Journal Article entitled: Imbalance of Factors Providing Control of Unicellular Plankton PopulationsExposed to Anthropogenic Impact. Explanation of what is innovative.Author: S. A. Ostroumov, Moscow State University, Fulbright Award recipient;
Doklady Biological Sciences, 2001, Volume 379, Numbers 1-6, Pages 341-343.
KEY WORDS: plankton, balance, regulation, aquatic ecosystem, marine ecology, freshwater, bivalvemollusks, mussels, oysters, shellfish, anthropogenic, pollution, surfactants, detergents, toxicity,ecotoxicology, new environmental hazards, water filtering, filter-feeders**
WHAT IS INNOVATIVE
in this paper? What is the FIRST and NEW:1. The first in-depth
BOTH EXPERIMENTAL AND THEORETICAL- OF THE TOTAL SUM OFNATURAL AND ANTHROPOGENIC FACTORS THAT CONTROL THE BALANCE OF PLANKTON
(includingphytoplankton) populations in freshwater and marine environments. This control of the balance is a keyto environmental safety and sustainability of water sources.2.
A NEW QUANTITATIVE PARAMETER AND FORMULA WAS SUGGESTED
and measured in this paper:the efficiency of cell elimination from water by filter-feeders, ECE.3.
NEW EXPERIMENTAL DATA
on environmental hazards from seven kinds of the commercially availablelaundry detergents to aquatic invertebrates (filter-feeders, bivalves). These detergents slowed down(inhibited) the rate of water filtration by the mollusks. As a result, the elimination (removal) of planktoncells from water decreased.The inhibition of water filtration was discovered in the following experiments (at the concentrations of the chemical, mg/l, in brackets):(1) Detergent OMO, freshwater mollusk
, (50);(2) Detergent Losk-Universal, marine mollusk
, (7);(3) Detergent Tide-Lemon, marine mollusk
, (50);(4) Detergent IXI, marine mollusk
, (10);(5) Detergent Deni-Automat, marine mollusk
, (30);(6) Detergent Lanza, marine mollusk
, (20);(7) Detergent Vesna-Delikat, marine mollusk
, (1);The tables in the paper, with the innovative data: Factors of regulation of unicellular planktonabundance (Tab.1); effects of surfactants and detergents on phytoplankton abundance (Tab.2);7detergents inhibit filtration of 3 species of marine and freshwater mollusks (Tab.3);
eliminates from water the cells of
as a result of filtration (comparing the 2 processes at the same time, Tab. 4).